Navigation Links
Birth Control May Help Ward Off Bacterial Vaginosis
Date:7/30/2009

Contraceptive pills, hormonal injections both seem effective, study says

THURSDAY, July 30 (HealthDay News) -- Women who are prone to the common vaginal infection, bacterial vaginosis, are less likely to have a recurrence if they take hormonal contraception, whether it be birth control pills or Depo-Provera injections, new research suggests.

In the study, researchers examined medical records for 330 women with a mean age of nearly 25 who visited two sexually transmitted disease clinics in Baltimore between April 2005 and October 2006. About 133, or 40.3 percent, were diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis.

The women were prescribed a contraceptive, either progestin only (such as Depo-Provera) or estrogen-progestin combination (a birth control pill).

Women who were taking an oral contraceptive that included estrogen and progestin were 34 percent less likely to have a recurrence of bacterial vaginosis than women not taking a contraceptive. Women who were on a progestin-only contraceptive were 58 percent less likely to have a recurrence, the researchers found.

Though the reduction attributed to the combined pill was not statistically significant, "it's fair to say a benefit is suggested," said senior study author Dr. Emily Erbelding, an associate professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center.

The study appears in the July issue of Contraception: An International Reproductive Health Journal.

The study authors said they would not recommend that women who are prone to bacterial vaginosis start taking birth control for the sole purpose of warding off bacterial vaginosis.

"If you have other reasons for choosing birth control, it could be an added benefit," Erbelding said.

Dr. Jennifer Wu, an obstetrician-gynecologist at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City, called the findings "encouraging."

"It supports that birth control pills possibly have additional advantages that can be used for treating bacterial vaginosis," Wu said.

Bacterial vaginosis occurs when the normal bacterial flora of the vagina is disrupted and replaced by an overproduction of other types of bacteria. Symptoms include a fishy odor and discharge, as well as itching, burning or pain. Women can also have bacterial vaginosis without symptoms.

It's the most common vaginal infection in women of childbearing age and is associated with preterm delivery and low birth weight babies, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Though treatable by antibiotics, bacterial vaginosis tends to recur, Erbelding said.

Previous research has shown that 15 percent to 30 percent of women have symptomatic bacterial vaginosis within three months after taking antibiotics, and 70 percent have a recurrence within nine months.

"As a clinician, we are always frustrated by the fact that our treatments aren't very good," Erbelding said. "They may ameliorate the symptoms for some time, but often bacterial vaginosis recurs."

Racial minorities are at greater risk of bacterial vaginosis, Erbelding said. In the study, about 82 percent of participants were black and 69 percent had been diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis before.

Bacterial vaginosis is also associated with sexual activity, douching and sexually transmitted diseases, including chlamydia, gonorrhea, herpes simplex virus and HIV.

Researchers aren't sure if bacterial vaginosis makes a woman more susceptible to the other infections or if the other infections make vaginosis more likely, Erbelding said.

"Nobody really knows which comes first," Erbelding said.

Hormonal contraceptives may help ward off a recurrence by altering the vaginal ecology or by reducing menstruation, which is also associated with changes to vaginal bacteria levels, according to the study.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more on bacterial vaginosis.



SOURCES: Emily Erbelding, M.D., associate professor, medicine, Johns Hopkins University Medical Center, Baltimore; Jennifer Wu, M.D., obstetrician-gynecologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; July 2009 Contraception: An International Reproductive Health Journal


'/>"/>
Copyright©2009 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Another Reason Not to Smoke While Pregnant: Birth Defects
2. More than two-thirds of sexually active NYC youth use condoms, but other forms of birth control lag
3. Glades General Hospital First in Palm Beach County to Provide On-Site Electronic Birth Registration
4. Steroids Seem Safe for Babies at Risk of Early Birth
5. Many U.S. Women Unaware of Birth Defect Risks
6. Moms Low Cholesterol Tied to Preemie Births
7. IVF technique enables pregnancy without multiple births, Stanford researchers find
8. Fetal cell transplant could be a hidden link between childbirth and reduced risk of breast cancer
9. Sue Birth Control Companies for Your Health, Says American Life League
10. Maternal Mortality Declining in Middle-income Countries; Women Still Die in Pregnancy and Childbirth in Low-income Countries
11. UF researchers track genetic journey of HIV from birth to death
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Birth Control May Help Ward Off Bacterial Vaginosis
(Date:5/21/2017)... WINTER PARK, FL (PRWEB) , ... May 20, 2017 , ... ... now sell it, find it, review it, and share its attributes like never before. ... online dispensary directory to connect cannabis enthusiasts to stores, strains, products – and for ...
(Date:5/21/2017)... , ... May 21, 2017 , ... Following the tragic ... York became the first state to require that hospitals follow a protocol to quickly ... the medical community as to whether such steps would have saved Rory or anyone ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... ... May 19, 2017 , ... DMG Productions is ... of Innovations with Ed Begley, Jr., airing fourth quarter 2017 on FOX Business. ... clean, organic dietary supplement made from naturally occurring ingredients. Innovations will enlighten viewers ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... FL (PRWEB) , ... May 19, 2017 , ... ... asset protection services and retirement planning assistance to families and business owners in ... Sclerosis Society to advocate for MS sufferers and their families. , Multiple sclerosis ...
(Date:5/19/2017)... , ... May 18, 2017 , ... ML Billing, ... all specialties and sizes and specializes in large group practices, is pleased to announce ... but it has also set the standard in all aspects of full-service medical billing. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/10/2017)... Global Health Intelligence (GHI), the leading ... , published its 2017 ranking of the Best-Equipped Hospitals ... data analysis from GHI,s hospitals database for Latin America ... region. The GHI database covers 86% of the hospitals in ... data points for each institution in key areas such as ...
(Date:5/10/2017)... BURNIE, Md. , May 10, 2017 ... retention solutions for the clinical research industry, is proud ... www.CSSiEnroll.com . The new website features both enriched ... overall user experience and enhances the company,s already well-established ... the industry. "After many months of ...
(Date:5/9/2017)... , May 9, 2017  Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... a clinical-stage pharmaceutical company focused on the development ... the Canadian Intellectual Property Office has granted Oramed ... Administration of Exenatide". The patent covers Oramed,s invention ... GLP-1 is an incretin hormone that stimulates ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: