Navigation Links
Bilingual benefits reach beyond communication
Date:11/9/2010

Speaking two languages can be handy when traveling abroad, applying for jobs, and working with international colleagues, but how does bilingualism influence the way we think? In the current issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, Ellen Bialystok (York University), Fergus I.M. Craik (Rotman Research Institute), David W. Green (University College London), and Tamar H. Gollan (University of California, San Diego) review the latest research on bilingualism and ways in which knowing two languages can change brain function, even affecting brain areas not directly involved in communication.

Children learning two languages from birth achieve the same basic milestones (e.g., their first word) as monolinguals do, but they may use different strategies for language acquisition. Although bilinguals tend to have smaller vocabularies in each language than do children who know one language, bilinguals may have an advantage when it comes to certain nonverbal cognitive tasks. Bilinguals tend to perform better than monolinguals on exercises that require blocking out distractions and switching between two or more different tasks. The authors note that "when a bilingual speaks two languages regularly, speaking in just one of these languages requires use of the control network to limit interference from the other language and to ensure the continued dominance of the intended language." The bilingual advantage in attention and cognitive control may have important, long-term benefits. Preliminary evidence even suggests that their increased use of these systems may protect bilinguals against Alzheimer's.

The differences between monolinguals and bilinguals have important clinical implications. For example, vocabulary tests are commonly used in psychologists' offices and bilinguals' scores may not accurately reflect their language ability. According to the authors, "Bilinguals who score below average may be inaccurately diagnosed with impairment when none is present, or could be diagnosed as 'normal for a bilingual' even though impairment is in fact present and treatment is needed." Clinicians need to be aware of the potential to misinterpret bilinguals' test scores. Developing tests that specifically target bilingual populations may result in better outcomes for these patients.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tiffany Harrington
tharrington@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Bilingualism Might Begin in the Womb
2. Researchers get $3.3 million grant to investigate language outcomes of bilingual children
3. Bilingualism delays onset of Alzheimers symptoms
4. Alzheimers Foundation of America Applauds Social Security for Speeding Disability Benefits for Early-Onset Alzheimers Disease
5. 1Dental.com Enhances Dental Plan Benefits With New Fee Schedule
6. Freedom Healthnet Affirms Affordable Private Health Insurance Benefits
7. Surgeon General with Microsoft HealthVault Expands Consumer Benefits for the My Family Health Portrait Offering
8. DSM Personalized Nutrition Webinar Explores Benefits of Nutrition for Employee Health
9. Greenway Medical Technologies Advances Patient-Provider Benefits
10. LG Electronics Expands Benefits of Healthcare HDTVs With New Compliance Ratings at HIMSS 2010
11. Studies Detail Possible Benefits of omega-3 Fatty Acids for Dogs With Arthritis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... Delta Dental of California ... combat pancreatic cancer. , Gary D. Radine, who recently retired as president and CEO ... Cancer Society’s 2015 CEO of the Year , helped lead the effort to ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... , ... FileHold's document management software has been implemented by ... environment for FileHold software that is pay per user subscription-based and also does ... FileHold web services API. DocuSyst also advises clients on fully functioning back up ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... TopConsumerReviews.com recently awarded their highest ... products. , Moles are derived from a cluster of melanin when exposed to sunlight. ... places and create a lifetime of embarrassment. Historically, mole removal has involved ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... ... February 08, 2016 , ... ... four states in the U.S. require dental technicians to be certified or obtain ... dental industry, NADL created the “What’s In Your Mouth?” campaign to inform dentists ...
(Date:2/7/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Dr. Todd Hobgood , certificated in ... surgical expertise. Technically known as deoxycholic acid or previously as ATX-101, Kybella® ... for reduction of fat below the chin (aka the “double chin”). Medication side ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/8/2016)... DIEGO , Feb. 8, 2016 /PRNewswire/--  Cell ... announced that advanced tissue-engineering services are now available ... a groundbreaking new three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting approach called ... 3D Bio Printer , a state-of-the-art robotic system ... has created a powerful pay-for-service bio-printing model that ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 8, 2016 Velano Vascular, a medical technology ... patients and their practitioners, announced today that the company ... will use the proceeds from this financing, an extension ... January 2015, to support the development and commercialization of ... populations. Philadelphia , and ...
(Date:2/8/2016)... 2016  Unilife Corporation ("Unilife" or "Company") (NASDAQ: UNIS ... delivery systems, today announced that it will release its financial ... 2015 after market close on February 9, 2016.  At this ... discuss these financial results.    About Unilife Corporation ... About Unilife Corporation UNIS ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: