Navigation Links
Bilingual benefits reach beyond communication
Date:11/9/2010

Speaking two languages can be handy when traveling abroad, applying for jobs, and working with international colleagues, but how does bilingualism influence the way we think? In the current issue of Psychological Science in the Public Interest, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, Ellen Bialystok (York University), Fergus I.M. Craik (Rotman Research Institute), David W. Green (University College London), and Tamar H. Gollan (University of California, San Diego) review the latest research on bilingualism and ways in which knowing two languages can change brain function, even affecting brain areas not directly involved in communication.

Children learning two languages from birth achieve the same basic milestones (e.g., their first word) as monolinguals do, but they may use different strategies for language acquisition. Although bilinguals tend to have smaller vocabularies in each language than do children who know one language, bilinguals may have an advantage when it comes to certain nonverbal cognitive tasks. Bilinguals tend to perform better than monolinguals on exercises that require blocking out distractions and switching between two or more different tasks. The authors note that "when a bilingual speaks two languages regularly, speaking in just one of these languages requires use of the control network to limit interference from the other language and to ensure the continued dominance of the intended language." The bilingual advantage in attention and cognitive control may have important, long-term benefits. Preliminary evidence even suggests that their increased use of these systems may protect bilinguals against Alzheimer's.

The differences between monolinguals and bilinguals have important clinical implications. For example, vocabulary tests are commonly used in psychologists' offices and bilinguals' scores may not accurately reflect their language ability. According to the authors, "Bilinguals who score below average may be inaccurately diagnosed with impairment when none is present, or could be diagnosed as 'normal for a bilingual' even though impairment is in fact present and treatment is needed." Clinicians need to be aware of the potential to misinterpret bilinguals' test scores. Developing tests that specifically target bilingual populations may result in better outcomes for these patients.


'/>"/>

Contact: Tiffany Harrington
tharrington@psychologicalscience.org
202-293-9300
Association for Psychological Science
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Bilingualism Might Begin in the Womb
2. Researchers get $3.3 million grant to investigate language outcomes of bilingual children
3. Bilingualism delays onset of Alzheimers symptoms
4. Alzheimers Foundation of America Applauds Social Security for Speeding Disability Benefits for Early-Onset Alzheimers Disease
5. 1Dental.com Enhances Dental Plan Benefits With New Fee Schedule
6. Freedom Healthnet Affirms Affordable Private Health Insurance Benefits
7. Surgeon General with Microsoft HealthVault Expands Consumer Benefits for the My Family Health Portrait Offering
8. DSM Personalized Nutrition Webinar Explores Benefits of Nutrition for Employee Health
9. Greenway Medical Technologies Advances Patient-Provider Benefits
10. LG Electronics Expands Benefits of Healthcare HDTVs With New Compliance Ratings at HIMSS 2010
11. Studies Detail Possible Benefits of omega-3 Fatty Acids for Dogs With Arthritis
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/27/2016)... York, NY (PRWEB) , ... May 27, 2016 , ... ... campaign returns for a third time to shed lights on the variety of topics ... and inspirational stories, “Nurse Appreciation” tackles why this career has gone from being in ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Beleza Medspa has initiated ... regulations. This is the first time that Coolsculpting is being used for for ... six months to ensure they meet the prescribed body-fat standard, measured by the circumference-based ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... last week’s media reports hinting at a June rate hike after the Federal Reserve’s ... interest rate increase, according to Rajeev Dhawan of the Economic Forecasting Center at Georgia ... (FOMC) dot charts are of interest to the press for their noise potential,” Dhawan ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... Georgia State University College of ... programs. , Answering to the increasing demand for curricular specializations, the Certificate in ... environmental and land use law. ,  , “The demand for lawyers with specific ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... There are nearly 14.5 million people living with ... worldwide. On Sunday, June 5, 2016, communities around the world will gather to recognize ... , National Cancer Survivors Day® is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life that is ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/27/2016)... Amarantus BioScience Holdings, Inc. (OTCQX: AMBS), ... and Orphan Diseases, today announced that President & CEO Gerald ... SeeThru Equity MicroCap Conference   Where: ... , NY When: Tuesday, May 31 st , ... Where: Grand Hyatt Hotel, 109 East 42 nd St, ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 ... market growth is the emergence of new treatments. Cardax, ... therapies for osteoarthritis treatment. The therapy is expected to ... Arthritis Research UK is conducting studies to develop new ... study, where the genes involved in osteoarthritis are being ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , May 26, 2016 Since ... matured into an essential life science tool for conducting ... applications. BCC Research reveals in its new report that ... growth phase, one powered by a range of new ...      (Logo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20140723/694805 ) , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: