Navigation Links
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
Date:2/25/2014

The Lancet reported today the results of a study in 9 European countries documenting that hospital nurse staffing and the proportion of nurses with bachelors education are associated with significantly fewer deaths after common surgery. A team of researchers led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in the U.S. and Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, found that every one patient increase in patient to nurse ratios was associated with a 7% increase in deaths, while having a better educated nurse workforce is associated with fewer deaths. Every 10% increase in bachelors degree nurses is associated with a 7% decline in mortality.

This study of close to a half million surgical patients in 300 hospitals found that patients in hospitals in which 60 percent of nurses had bachelors degrees and cared for an average of six patients had nearly a one-third lower risk of death after common inpatient surgical procedures than patients in hospitals where half as many nurses had bachelors degrees and cared for an average of eight patients each. The RN4CAST study, funded by the European Union and the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, concluded that in Europe, as in the U.S., failing to invest in bachelors nurse education and attempts to cut costs by reducing nurse staffing may put hospitalized patients at greater risk of dying.

Our results suggest that the assumption that hospital nurse staffing can be reduced to save money without adversely affecting patient outcomes may be foolish at best, and fatal at worst, said Linda H. Aiken, Professor of Nursing and Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania. Hospitals should take notice because when budgets are tight, cutting back on nurses is often the first step but one that can have disastrous consequences for patients.

The studys results closely dovetail with research conducted in the U.S. that served as a catalyst for public and private responses to improve nurse staffing and nurses education. Nearly half the states in the U.S. have implemented or are considering hospital nursing staffing legislation and/or regulation, the studys authors report. Additionally the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences has recommended a U.S. national nurse workforce that is 80 percent bachelors educated by 2020.

Similar initiatives are much less common in Europe. The recent Francis and Keogh reports in England investigating poor outcomes for hospital patients concluded that inadequate nurse staffing contributed to preventable deaths, reported the authors.

In Europe, the proportion of hospital nurses with bachelors degrees varies significantly across countries. Some hospitals studied had no nurses with bachelors qualifications while all nurses in Norway and Spain are required to be bachelors qualified. The European Parliament, in its continuing efforts to foster occupational mobility across EU member countries, side-stepped the issue of nurse qualifications in October 2013 by approving two very different educational pathways for nurses. One newly recognized pathway leads to bachelors education but the other maintains a vocational training track to prepare nurses after only 10 years of secondary school. The findings of the Lancet paper suggest that continued EU recognition of vocational training for nurses may adversely affect patient outcomes and nurses access to university education in some countries.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda H. Aiken
laiken@nursing.upenn.edu
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. A better tool to diagnose tuberculosis
2. Job injuries among youth prompt calls for better safety standards
3. Students focus on creating a better cervical collar
4. Out-of-hand tree nut consumption associated with better diet quality in children and adults
5. Kidney cancer patients do better when whole kidney is not removed, U-M study shows
6. Kidney Cancer Patients Fare Better With Tumor Removal Only
7. New Psoriasis Drugs Not Much Better Than Standard Therapy, Study Finds
8. Hispanics Seem to Have Better Odds of Lung Cancer Survival
9. Which ads are winners? Your brain knows better than you do
10. Better health in adulthood starts with early prevention in childhood
11. MR enterography is as good or better than standard imaging exams for pediatric Crohns patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Source Vitál Apothecary, a skin and body care company dedicated ... company had a successful visit to the 2017 ECRM Diet, Vitamin & Sports Nutrition ... in the nutritional, sports and health industries a chance to meet in private sessions ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... Lice Troopers, the lice removal company ... with school-aged children since the holiday season. , “It happens every year around ... sharing hugs and taking photos, which is the head-to-head gateway that lice need to ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Michael and Betsy Brauser celebrated 5 years of Betsy’s participation ... trial has been life-saving as she has been on the trial for more ... diagnosed with ovarian cancer in 2009. She underwent standard chemotherapy but a year later ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... Magdalene: Grace is Greater than Sin”: a unique and memorable piece of literature ... Grace is Greater than Sin” is the creation of published author, Brenda Roberts, a ... had little knowledge of the female characters portrayed in the Holy Bible. , ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... examination of how God handles sin, including how to let go of lingering guilt and ... ten long years has been waiting to release this powerful insight about forgiveness that the ... the Lord for over twenty years, and he has been preaching and teaching the Word ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/21/2017)... ARMO BioSciences, Inc., a late-stage immuno-oncology company, ... lead investigational immuno-oncology drug AM0010 (PEGylated Interleukin-10) at the ... of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), taking place January 19-21, 2017 ... "AM0010 induces the expansion of novel T ... in the blood and tumors of our patients," said ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... , Jan 20, 2017 Research ... Testing Market By Type ([CBC, HGB/HCT, BMP, BUN Creatinine, Electrolyte Testing, ... By End-use, And Segment Forecasts, 2013 - 2024" report to ... ... 198.5 billion by 2024 Introduction of innovative solutions on ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... DUBLIN , Jan 20, 2017 ... Pharmaceutical Stability Testing Market Trends, Opportunities, and Future" report to ... ... market sizing, emerging trends, and technologies, and provides a snapshot of ... year is 2015 and forecasts are provided from 2016 to 2020. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: