Navigation Links
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
Date:2/25/2014

The Lancet reported today the results of a study in 9 European countries documenting that hospital nurse staffing and the proportion of nurses with bachelors education are associated with significantly fewer deaths after common surgery. A team of researchers led by the University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing in the U.S. and Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, found that every one patient increase in patient to nurse ratios was associated with a 7% increase in deaths, while having a better educated nurse workforce is associated with fewer deaths. Every 10% increase in bachelors degree nurses is associated with a 7% decline in mortality.

This study of close to a half million surgical patients in 300 hospitals found that patients in hospitals in which 60 percent of nurses had bachelors degrees and cared for an average of six patients had nearly a one-third lower risk of death after common inpatient surgical procedures than patients in hospitals where half as many nurses had bachelors degrees and cared for an average of eight patients each. The RN4CAST study, funded by the European Union and the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health, concluded that in Europe, as in the U.S., failing to invest in bachelors nurse education and attempts to cut costs by reducing nurse staffing may put hospitalized patients at greater risk of dying.

Our results suggest that the assumption that hospital nurse staffing can be reduced to save money without adversely affecting patient outcomes may be foolish at best, and fatal at worst, said Linda H. Aiken, Professor of Nursing and Sociology, and Director of the Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research at the University of Pennsylvania. Hospitals should take notice because when budgets are tight, cutting back on nurses is often the first step but one that can have disastrous consequences for patients.

The studys results closely dovetail with research conducted in the U.S. that served as a catalyst for public and private responses to improve nurse staffing and nurses education. Nearly half the states in the U.S. have implemented or are considering hospital nursing staffing legislation and/or regulation, the studys authors report. Additionally the Institute of Medicine of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences has recommended a U.S. national nurse workforce that is 80 percent bachelors educated by 2020.

Similar initiatives are much less common in Europe. The recent Francis and Keogh reports in England investigating poor outcomes for hospital patients concluded that inadequate nurse staffing contributed to preventable deaths, reported the authors.

In Europe, the proportion of hospital nurses with bachelors degrees varies significantly across countries. Some hospitals studied had no nurses with bachelors qualifications while all nurses in Norway and Spain are required to be bachelors qualified. The European Parliament, in its continuing efforts to foster occupational mobility across EU member countries, side-stepped the issue of nurse qualifications in October 2013 by approving two very different educational pathways for nurses. One newly recognized pathway leads to bachelors education but the other maintains a vocational training track to prepare nurses after only 10 years of secondary school. The findings of the Lancet paper suggest that continued EU recognition of vocational training for nurses may adversely affect patient outcomes and nurses access to university education in some countries.


'/>"/>

Contact: Linda H. Aiken
laiken@nursing.upenn.edu
University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. A better tool to diagnose tuberculosis
2. Job injuries among youth prompt calls for better safety standards
3. Students focus on creating a better cervical collar
4. Out-of-hand tree nut consumption associated with better diet quality in children and adults
5. Kidney cancer patients do better when whole kidney is not removed, U-M study shows
6. Kidney Cancer Patients Fare Better With Tumor Removal Only
7. New Psoriasis Drugs Not Much Better Than Standard Therapy, Study Finds
8. Hispanics Seem to Have Better Odds of Lung Cancer Survival
9. Which ads are winners? Your brain knows better than you do
10. Better health in adulthood starts with early prevention in childhood
11. MR enterography is as good or better than standard imaging exams for pediatric Crohns patients
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Better nurse staffing and education reduces patient deaths in European hospitals
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... , ... Sandbox, one of the nation’s leading independent full-service ... created position of executive vice president, chief creative officer.     , In his new ... LA offices. He reports to Nancy Finigan, president of those offices. , “As ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... University of the ... the launch of its Associates and Bachelor's degrees in Health Studies. Leading figures ... University, Dr. Torsten N. Wiesel; Chairman and CEO of Fortune 500® company Henry ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... , ... Each year, about 800,000 people suffer from cerebral vascular accidents, or ... account for one death every four minutes. Many people who survive a stroke ... launching a video series called “Your Brain,” in conjunction with its medical journal “Balance,” ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... May 03, 2016 , ... For the sixth consecutive ... Communication Technology (ICT) companies in the annual Branham300 listing. For 23 years, the ... as ranked by revenue. , “We are honored to be on the ...
(Date:5/3/2016)... ... ... Branches, Inc. is proud to have been selected as a Macy’s grant ... Miami. Macy’s is a wonderful community partner and has helped to support Branches’ student ... and academic support to elementary students 5 days a week. Summer Shade, a 7 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016   Click ... Diplomat Pharmacy, Inc. (NYSE: DPLO), the nation,s largest ... signed a definitive agreement to acquire Valley Campus ... Pharmacy ("TNH"), a leading specialty pharmacy that provides ... Nuys, California . In 2015, TNH generated ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016  Marking its one year anniversary since ... cancer risk test, Color Genomics announced ... highly impact the most common hereditary cancers affecting ... Test analyzes hereditary cancer risks for breast, colorectal, ... The Color Test is physician ordered and includes ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... , April 28, 2016 ... insights on healthcare, announced today that it has been ... Cool Vendor in Life Sciences, 2016, ... 2016.  The report focuses on life-science- oriented analytics, algorithms ... from patients and doctors, confirm medication ingestion, and analyze ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: