Navigation Links
BUSM student-published study focuses on khat chewing in Yemeni culture
Date:3/7/2012

(Boston) A new study conducted by Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) researchers shows that a majority of medical students in Yemen believe that chewing the plant khat is harmful to one's health but they would not advise their patients to quit.

The study, which is published online in the journal Substance Abuse, was done by BUSM class of 2013 students Paul Yi, John Kim and Khalil Hussein. Richard Saitz, MD, MPH, professor of medicine and epidemiology at BUSM and a physician specializing in addiction medicine at Boston Medical Center (BMC), is the paper's senior author.

Khat use is prevalent in Yemen as well as in parts of Africa and the Middle East. According to a 2008 study published in the Bulletin of the World Health Organization, approximately 90 percent of men and 73 percent of women in Yemen chew khat daily. The plant's active ingredient is cathinone, an amphetamine-like alkaloid with addictive properties that produces a pleasurable stimulant effect. Research has shown that khat usage plays a role in the development of cardiovascular, oral, hepatic, neurobehavioral and psychiatric illness.

To investigate the knowledge and attitudes about khat among medical students in Yemen, the researchers traveled to Yemen and conducted a survey of 62 students. A sub-group of those students then participated in a discussion-based seminar and a follow-up survey. While they demonstrated knowledge about the health effects of chewing khat and believed that it was unacceptable for health professionals to chew it, they did not believe that it is the health providers' role to ask about khat chewing habits, nor advise patients to stop chewing it.

In the paper, the researchers referenced a study published in 2011 by BMC Public Health (Biomed Central) that showed the majority of medical students in more than 48 countries agree that health professionals serve as role models and that they should advise patients to quit smoking cigarettes. "While these results are consistent with our results regarding the students' views of health professionals as role models, they are not consistent with the Yemeni students' attitudes about advising patients to quit chewing khat," said the authors.

Khat historically has played a major role in Yemeni culture and society, which may explain the Yemeni medical students' conflicting beliefs. The authors conclude that it may be important for Yemeni public health officials to make official statements about the potential harmful effects of chewing khat in order to encourage health professionals to get involved with their patients' chewing habits.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jenny Eriksen Leary
jenny.eriksen@bmc.org
617-638-6841
Boston University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Despite Treatment, Employees with Depression Generate Higher Absentee Costs, According to Thomson Reuters Study
2. American Council on Exercise (ACE) Study Reveals Kettlebells Provide Powerful Workout in Short Amount of Time
3. TV drama can be more persuasive than news program, study finds
4. Study carried out into biological risks of eating reptiles
5. Neuroimaging study may pave way for effective Alzheimers treatments
6. Study finds racial gaps continue in heart disease awareness
7. Luth Researchs IndicatorEDG(TM) Study Finds Americans Hopes of Achieving Their Dreams Are Fading
8. First blinded study of venous insufficiency prevalence in MS shows promising results
9. Soothing infants with food focus of childhood obesity study
10. People with anxiety disorder less able to regulate response to negative emotions, study shows
11. American Heart Association Rapid Access Journal Report: Study Finds Racial Gaps Continue in Heart Disease Awareness, Low Knowledge of Heart Attack Warning Signs Among Women
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Intermedix ... of Emergency Medicine , an emergency medicine professional association, to support the organization's ... , The American Academy of Emergency Medicine, or AAEM, seeks to empower emergency ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... Emergency rooms provide ... to find. Unfortunately, this can leave patients with dental emergencies at risk of losing ... now offering emergency dental care. , Common dental emergencies include:, ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Dr. Jessica Barron, of ... is now accepting new dental patients and families in the North Metro Denver area. ... services from cleanings to cosmetic dentistry, and all in the most relaxing environment. , ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... organization, welcomes S.S. Nesbitt as the latest addition to its growing list of ... other locations throughout the Southeast, from Orlando to Huntsville and in between. , ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... , ... Armune BioScience signed a definitive agreement with ARCpoint ... across the country. Launched in April of 2015, Apifiny is the only cancer specific, ... order volume exceeded 3,000 tests in 2015. Primary care physicians and urologists have utilized ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... LONDON , February 10, 2016 A new report ... 2021 - states that the Alzheimer,s disease market will more than double ... 2021, at a Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR) of 11%. ... Italy , Spain , the UK, and ... prevalence during the forecast period. --> Canada , ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... SAN DIEGO , Feb. 10, 2016 ... viral gene therapy manufacturing, and Renova™ Therapeutics, a biopharmaceutical ... and other chronic diseases, have entered into a Manufacturing ... produce cGMP-grade RT-100 (Ad5.hAC6) Drug Product for use in ... --> This relationship will leverage Lonza,s ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , Feb. 10, 2016 Immune Pharmaceuticals Inc. ... announced today that it has filed a patent application ... other cancers. --> --> ... by administration of Ceplene (histamine dihydrochloride) in combination with ... of predicting the efficacy of Ceplene and IL-2 therapy ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: