Navigation Links
Avahan Aids initiative may have prevented 600,000 HIV infections in India over 10 years
Date:9/29/2013

A programme funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation may have saved around 600,000 people in India from becoming infected with HIV over the course of a decade, according to a new report.

Avahan, the India AIDS Initiative, which was launched in 2003, aimed to prevent HIV transmission in the general population through a comprehensive HIV prevention programme including the promotion of condoms among the people at most risk female sex workers, high risk men who have sex with men and intravenous drug users in the six Indian states with the highest HIV rates.

In an evaluation of the project published in Lancet Global Health, researchers estimate that it prevented more than half of the infections that would have occurred without the Avahan intervention.

Avahan, an investment of over $250 million for the Foundation, involved outreach and risk reduction education programmes, condom distribution and social marketing as well as measures aiming to build community resilience and reduce the stigma attached to HIV. Funding and management of the programme is transitioning to the Indian government.

The main part of the evaluation was based on data from 24 districts in south India where Avahan operated, covering the period from 2004 to 2008. The authors used mathematical models to compare the observed trends in HIV infection, estimated through detailed epidemiological studies, with those that would have occurred in the absence of the increase in condom use following the initiative.

They found that in these 24 districts, 62,800 infections were prevented in the first four years of the programme. By extrapolating the results to all 69 districts in south India where Avahan operated, they estimate that 202,000 infections were prevented in those four years, increasing to 606,000 over 10 years.

Dr Marie-Claude Boily, from the School of Public Health at Imperial College London, said: "These findings suggest that the approach used by Avahan, of targeting high risk groups with behavioural interventions, adequate provision of prevention commodities and support for programmes to build community resilience, can be effective at controlling HIV in the population at large. Expanding the coverage of similar programmes could have a considerable impact on HIV epidemics in many parts of the world."

Dr Peter Vickerman, from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine added: "If replicated, it is possible that the large scale expansion of this intervention to other settings in Asia and Africa could have a demonstrable impact on the worldwide HIV epidemic over the next decade."

Dr Michael Pickles, also from the School of Public Health at Imperial, said: "The design of the evaluation itself, which was planned as an integral part of the programme, was innovative as it combined mathematical modelling with detailed data collection, which enabled us to conduct a rigorous analysis in a situation where it was not possible to conduct community-based randomised trials. Evaluating the impact of prevention programmes is crucial for determining which interventions should be prioritised."


'/>"/>

Contact: Sam Wong
sam.wong@imperial.ac.uk
44-207-594-2198
Imperial College London
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. SF Cable Announces New Made in USA Initiative
2. Colorado State University-Global Campus Launches New Initiative for Military Students: Operation EDU
3. Victory Healthcare Announces Corporate-Wide Initiative to Honor America’s Wounded Warriors
4. Vermont Hospitals Commit to a Healthier Future with the First Statewide Enrollment in the Healthier Hospitals Initiative
5. New mHealth Alliance Initiative to Strengthen Mobile Health Capacity of Governments, Private Sector, NGOs
6. Chris Elliott Fund Comments on Support of Project Violet Initiatives
7. Horizon BCBSNJ and Jersey City Medical Center to Develop Innovative, Patient-Centered Initiative to Improve Care, Lower Costs
8. Clínica Tepeyac’s 2013 Fiesta Raises Money to Benefit Programs and Wellness Initiatives
9. Sterilmed Joins Practice Greenhealth’s Greening the OR® Initiative
10. Alliance Healthcare Foundation Announces Innovation Initiative Decision
11. New initiative could help improve surgical outcomes in children, study suggests
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/13/2016)... Coral Springs, FL (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... ... on the environmental impact of American businesses. , The increasingly modern world of ... rely more often on non-renewable energy sources such as oil and coal, which pollutes ...
(Date:2/13/2016)... Canada (PRWEB) , ... February 13, 2016 , ... In ... foot forward. They’ll groom themselves to perfection, go out of their way to be ... date – just take a look at any online dating profile. , A ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... The law firm of Morrow, ... Parishes. The purpose of these scholarships is to encourage applicants to pursue a ... seek employment within these two parishes. , “We have available jobs in St. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Falls Church, VA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, ... ... in Store?, Feb. 29, 2016 — 1:30 p.m. – 3:00 p.m. EST, ... burner issue in the life cycle of pharmaceutical products, garnering increased attention from ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... T.E.N., a technology and information ... ISE Southeast Awards 2016. Finalists and winners of the ISE® Awards for both ... and Awards Gala on March 15, 2016 at the Westin Peachtree Plaza, Atlanta. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016 Potrero Medical, Inc., the ... to announce the appointment of George M. Rapier, III ... San Antonio, TX , WellMed is one of the ... patients and HMO members in Texas ... 1990 out of his own internal medicine practice, he has ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  MiMedx Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: MDXG ), the ... other birth tissues, human skin and bone, and patent-protected ... products and therapies, announced today that it will present ... in New York , NY.  Parker ... Senken , Chief Financial Officer and Chris Cashman ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , Feb. 11, 2016  AfterPill.com is reporting ... recommend alcohol abstinence for all women who are at ... the U.S. each year and raises the risks of ... --> According to the Guttmacher Institute, ... of women of child-bearing age, who have sex without ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: