Navigation Links
Australian researchers identify genes that cause melanoma

Scientists from the Queensland Institute of Medical Research (QIMR) have found two new genes that together double a person's risk of developing melanoma.

As part of an international study, a team at QIMR, led by Professors Nick Hayward and Grant Montgomery, studied the genes of almost 6,000 people together with their mole count. Specific changes in two genes were found to make people more susceptible to developing moles. The researchers went on to show, in another 4,000 people, the same two genes increased the risk of developing melanoma the most deadly form of skin cancer.

"These are the first genes found to increase melanoma risk by influencing the number of moles a person has," explained Professor Hayward. "This finding improves our understanding of the genetics of melanoma and therefore the molecular pathways that lead to its development."

"It has long been known that having a large number of moles is the biggest risk factor. Therefore we predicted we would find genes linking moles and melanoma. We now have conclusive genetic evidence that having a large number of moles increases an individual's risk of developing melanoma."

The study found that people who carry one of these two gene variants have a 25% increased chance of developing melanoma, while for individuals carrying both variants their risk is doubled.

"In the long term, this research will be useful in developing screening techniques, and will also allow us to identify potential new drug targets and ultimately develop new therapies to treat melanoma," said Professor Hayward.

Moles are normal but people should seek advice from their doctor if they observe any changes in size, colour or shape. People with lots of moles are at a higher risk of developing melanoma and should therefore take extra care to avoid overexposure to ultraviolet radiation.

Australia has the highest incidence of melanoma in the world with more than 10,000 new cases and 1000 people dying from the disease every year. Queensland has the highest incidence of any state with seven Queenslanders diagnosed with melanoma every day. More than one in 20 Queenslanders is expected to develop melanoma during their lifetime.


Contact: Sarah Tennant
Research Australia

Related medicine news :

1. Australian team reveals world-first discovery in a floppy baby syndrome
2. Australian clinical trials threatened: Jobs and patient access to new treatments at stake
3. MTF, Largest Tissue Bank, Provides Skin for Victims of Australian Wildfires
4. Cephalon Launches Takeover Offer for Australian Biotechnology Company, Arana Therapeutics
5. Frost & Sullivan: Australian Pharmaceuticals and Life Sciences IT Market Is Still Growing
6. ATS Medical Announces Australian Regulatory Approval for ATS 3f Aortic Bioprosthesis
7. Australian technology in global health toolkit
8. Mottram Honours His End of the HBA Great Australian Run challenge
9. HBA People Walk the Talk for Better Health in the HBA Great Australian Run
10. Indigenous Australian patients confused and frustrated by kidney disease
11. New Cosmetic Trends Change the Face of the Australian Botox Market
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/29/2015)... San Jose, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 29, 2015 , ... ... Bay Area, is proud to announce their December, 2015, featured apartment community: Epic. In ... looking for corporate housing in the tight Bay Area rental market to efficiently find ...
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... ... 6:00 a.m. EST until 11:59 p.m. EST, customers will be racing the ... orders $80 or more to free gifts with purchases, there will be a new sale ... website for skin care and cosmetic needs, customers will save on already discounted prices. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... study carried out by the University of Toronto and the University of British Columbia ... of hospitalizations for head injuries. The article explains that part of the reason for ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... An inventor, from Hopkinsville, Ky., thought there ... home, so he invented the patent-pending ELECTRONIC M.D. , The ELECTRONIC M.D. provides ... so, it could help to prevent potential overdose situations. As a result, it ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... ProSidebar: Fashion is a set of 30 kinetic ... Fasion, video editors can easily add an informative sidebar to any FCPX production. ... presets featuring self-animating drop zones, lines, bars, and text with the ease of FCPX's ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... --> ... att använda SyMRI för att hitta optimal ... med multipel skleros (MS) eller hjärntumörmetastaser och ... för att kunna använda SyMRI Research Edition ... kan man generera flera konstrastbilder från en ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... India , November 26, 2015 ... --> adds ... Report" and "Investigation Report on China ... and 2021 forecasts data and information ... . ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 ... "Radioimmunoassay Market by Type (Reagents & ... Academics, Clinical Diagnostic Labs), Application (Research, Clinical ... 2020" report to their offering. ... addition of the "Radioimmunoassay Market by ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: