2. Wash hands frequently: "I cannot emphasize enough that hand washing is
the single most effective way of preventing the spread of germs, not
only flu but of countless diseases," Dr. Barkman said. Wash your hands
with warm water and soap for at least 20 seconds or as long as it
takes to sing "Jingle Bells" twice.
3. Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze: Cough and sneeze into your
elbow or tissue instead of your hand to help prevent the spread of
germs from touch.
4. Don't share eating utensils or drinks: These are the most frequent
ways to spread germs, especially at holiday parties where picking up
someone else's plate or drink is common. Although someone might not be
displaying the signs of the illness, they could still be carrying the
5. Avoid kissing or hugging others who are ill: Avoid close contact with
people who are sick. While it might be hard with so many relatives in
town for the holidays, the flu is one thing you do not want to receive
from loved ones.
6. Dress appropriately for the weather: Exposure to the elements can also
mean exposure to germs. Put on those Christmas sweaters and Santa
7. Practice good health habits: Be physically active, manage your stress,
drink plenty of fluids, eat nutritious food and get plenty of sleep.
Dr. Barkman recommends at least seven hours a night for the average
8. Cut eggnog consumption: Alcohol dehydrates the body and heavy alcohol
use damages the body's liver, which is the body's primary filtering
system. This means that germs leave the body more slowly. That leaves
heavier drinkers more prone to initial infections.
9. Quit smoking: Some research studies show an increase in influenza
|SOURCE University of Kansas Hospital|
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