Navigation Links
Attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous meetings may reduce depression symptoms
Date:1/28/2010

One of many reasons that attendance at Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings helps people with alcohol use disorders stay sober appears to be alleviation of depression. A team of researchers has found that study participants who attended AA meetings more frequently had fewer symptoms of depression along with less drinking than did those with less AA participation. The report will appear in the journal Addiction and has been release online.

"Our study is one of the first to examine the mechanisms underlying behavioral change with AA and to find that AA attendance alleviates depression symptoms," says study leader John F. Kelly, PhD, associate director of the Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) Center for Addiction Medicine. "Perhaps the social aspects of AA helps people feel better psychologically and emotionally as well as stop drinking."

The authors note that problems with mood regulation such as depression are common among people with alcohol problems both preceding and being exacerbated by alcohol use. Although AA does not explicitly address depression, the program's 12 steps and social fellowship are designed to support participants' sense of well being. While mood problems often improve after several weeks of abstinence, that process may happen more quickly in AA participants. The current study was designed to investigate whether decreasing depression and enhancing psychological well-being help explain AA's positive effects.

The researchers analyzed data from Project MATCH, a federally funded trial comparing three treatment approaches for alcohol use disorder in more than 1,700 participants. While participants in that study were randomly assigned to a specific treatment plan, all were able to attend AA meetings as well. Among the data gathered at several points during Project MATCH's 15-month study period were participants' alcohol consumption, the number of AA meetings attended, and recent symptoms of depression.

At the beginning of the study period, participants reported greater symptoms of depression than would be seen in the general public, which is typical among alcohol-dependent individuals. As the study proceeded, those participants who attended more AA meetings had significantly greater reductions in their depression symptoms, along with less frequent and less intensive drinking.

"Some critics of AA have claimed that the organization's emphasis on 'powerlessness' against alcohol use and the need to work on 'character defects' cultivates a pessimistic world view, but this suggests the opposite is true," Kelly says. "AA is a complex social organization with many mechanisms of action that probably differ for different people and change over time. Most treatment programs refer patients to AA or similar 12-step groups, and now clinicians can tell patients that, along with supporting abstinence, attending meetings can help improve their mood. Who wouldn't want that?"


'/>"/>

Contact: Sue McGreevey
smcgreevey@partners.org
617-724-2764
Massachusetts General Hospital
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 2009 National Ergonomics Conference Opens in Las Vegas November 17 With Hundreds of Industry Leaders in Attendance
2. Orion Health™ Rhapsody User Group 2009, Boston Starts Today New Interoperability Expo Helps Ignite Record Attendance
3. Misonix Announces Attendance At XIV World Congress of Neurological Surgery
4. Worlds Largest Medical Tourism and Global Healthcare Conference, October 26-28th, Announces Record Attendance, Distinguished Speakers and Sponsors
5. Attendance on Demand, Inc. Hosts Free Webinar Top 5 Tools to Control Labor Costs for Long-Term Healthcare Professionals 2:30pm EDT August 26, 2009
6. Allscripts User Conference Draws 2,700, Sets Attendance Record
7. Demand for Natural Products Drives Strong Attendance
8. Bariatric Advantage Will Be in Attendance at the 26th Annual American Society of Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery in Dallas, Texas
9. Take Shape For Life Expecting Record Attendance at 2009 National Convention
10. Misonix Announces Attendance at 22nd Annual Symposium on Advanced Wound Care
11. Second European Radiosurgery Workshop Yields Record Attendance
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Tuesday, March 28, 2017, is the annual American Diabetes Association ... Test to find out if they are at risk for developing Type 2 diabetes. ... evening sky by programming the LAX pylons the color red. Downtown’s U.S. Bank Tower ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... team. Ruel Williamson brings his extensive knowledge of appraisals, property values, ad valorem ... the real estate valuation industry for more than 40 years. , “Ruel is ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The Thyroid Secret is a specialized 9-part ... program was recently launched on March 1, and Dr. Wentz discussed varied benefits ... Dr. Izabella Wentz is a licensed pharmacist and a foremost thyroid specialist. After ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... , ... March 28, 2017 , ... ... software and services, is proud to announce it has joined the National Association ... representing the interests of chronically ill, disabled, and dying Americans of all ages ...
(Date:3/28/2017)... ... March 28, 2017 , ... Alert Sentry Group LLC., ... (Mobile Personal Emergency Response Systems), the iSAFE and the iSAFE Plus. These iSAFE products ... first of their kind, the iSAFE and iSAFE Plus offer direct GPS Location and ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/29/2017)... March 29, 2017  NuVasive, Inc. (NASDAQ: NUVA), ... spine surgery with minimally disruptive, procedurally-integrated solutions, today ... clearance of the CoRoent® Small Interbody™ System indicated ... in the cervical spine. This marks the first ... used at up to four contiguous levels. ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... , March 29, 2017 NetworkNewsWire ... ... the public safety in regulating marijuana, but economic arguments also ... creation, and reduced law enforcement costs. However, to legalize and ... provided by SinglePoint, Inc. (OTC: SING) ( SING Profile ), ...
(Date:3/29/2017)... - Medicure Inc. ("Medicure") (TSXV:MPH, OTC:MCUJF), a specialty pharmaceutical ... ended December 31, 2016 after market close on ... released later than the previous fiscal year,s results ... and balances of Apicore from the acquisition date ... date meets TSX Venture Exchange listed company requirements. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: