Navigation Links
Athletes' Study Shows Pride, Shame Universal Behaviors
Date:8/11/2008

Whether sighted or blind, Olympic competitors displayed innate responses to winning, losing

MONDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- A study of blind athletes shows that the proud victory stance of a gold medalist and the slumped posture of a non-medalist are innate and biological, rather than learned responses to success and failure.

The University of British Columbia study, published in this week's online Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows that blind and sighted individuals displayed pride and shame behaviors in response to the same success and failure situations.

The findings are based on observation of the 2004 Olympic and Paralympic Games in which researchers compared the non-verbal expressions and body language of sighted, blind, and congenitally blind judo competitors from around the world.

"Since congenitally blind individuals could not have learned pride and shame behaviors from watching others, these displays of victory or defeat are likely to be an innate biological propensity in humans, rather than learned behaviour," study co-author Jessica Tracy, a UBC psychology researcher, said in a university news release.

In studying photographs of the athletes during and immediately after each match, the researchers found that winning athletes, sighted and blind and across all cultures, tended to raise their arms, tilt their head up and puff out their chest. Also largely universal were the expressions of defeat, which included slumped shoulders and a narrowed chest.

To some extent, culture moderated the shame response among sighted athletes, the researchers noted. Individuals from highly individualistic, self-expression-valuing cultures, primarily in North America and West Eurasian countries, hide their shame more. However, congenitally blind athletes across cultures showed the shame response, a finding the researchers said suggested that cultural difference found among sighted athletes was due to cultural norm.

"These findings support evolutionary accounts that pride and shame would have been powerful mechanisms in enhancing or inhibiting an individual's social status," Tracy said.

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about mental health.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: University of British Columbia, news release, Aug. 11, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. AASM encourages those student-athletes at risk for developing osa to visit a sleep clinic
2. 1 in 3 Varsity Athletes Has Exercise-Induced Asthma
3. Advanced technologies aim to transform the coaching of top athletes
4. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
5. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
6. Crossfit Workout Challenge Raises Over $500,000 in Four Hours for Athletes for a Cure
7. Village Health Clubs and Spas Train Kids to Be Triathletes
8. Random drug testing not reliable in keeping teen athletes from using
9. Some Female Athletes Risking Weaker Bones
10. Motivational coaching climate outscores winning for young athletes
11. Presentation at ISSN Highlights Soy Protein Advantages for Endurance Athletes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/25/2016)... Oklahoma (PRWEB) , ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... both athletes and non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures ... Oklahoma City area —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... surgery procedures that most people are unfamiliar with. The article goes on to state ... procedures, but also many of these less common operations such as calf and cheek ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... crisis. Her son James, eight, was out of control. Prone to extreme mood shifts and ... him, he couldn’t control his emotions,” remembers Marcy. “If there was a knife on ... say he was going to kill them. If we were driving on the freeway, ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Dr. Amanda Cheng, an ... Dr. Cheng has extensive experience with all areas of orthodontics, including robotic Suresmile ... orthodontics. , Micro-osteoperforation is a revolutionary adjunct to orthodontic treatment. It can ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... ... People across the U.S. are sharpening their pencils and honing their writing ... which patients and their families pay tribute to a genetic counselor by nominating him ... Genetic Counselors (NSGC) Annual Education Conference (AEC) this September. , In April, Genome ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/26/2016)... , June 26, 2016 ... value-based care operating models within the health care industry ... greater financial efficiency , Deloitte offers a suite ... key business issues impacting efficient cost optimization: labor resource ... , These services facilitate better outcomes and better economics ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 Dublin ... addition of the " Global Markets for Spectroscopy ... This report focuses on the ... review, including its applications in various applications. The report ... includes three main industries: pharmaceutical and biotechnology, food and ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , June 24, 2016 Research ... World Market for Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to their ... Market for Companion Diagnostics The World Market ... and personalized medicine diagnostics. Market analysis in the report includes ... Test Market (In Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: