Navigation Links
Athletes' Study Shows Pride, Shame Universal Behaviors
Date:8/11/2008

Whether sighted or blind, Olympic competitors displayed innate responses to winning, losing

MONDAY, Aug. 11 (HealthDay News) -- A study of blind athletes shows that the proud victory stance of a gold medalist and the slumped posture of a non-medalist are innate and biological, rather than learned responses to success and failure.

The University of British Columbia study, published in this week's online Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, shows that blind and sighted individuals displayed pride and shame behaviors in response to the same success and failure situations.

The findings are based on observation of the 2004 Olympic and Paralympic Games in which researchers compared the non-verbal expressions and body language of sighted, blind, and congenitally blind judo competitors from around the world.

"Since congenitally blind individuals could not have learned pride and shame behaviors from watching others, these displays of victory or defeat are likely to be an innate biological propensity in humans, rather than learned behaviour," study co-author Jessica Tracy, a UBC psychology researcher, said in a university news release.

In studying photographs of the athletes during and immediately after each match, the researchers found that winning athletes, sighted and blind and across all cultures, tended to raise their arms, tilt their head up and puff out their chest. Also largely universal were the expressions of defeat, which included slumped shoulders and a narrowed chest.

To some extent, culture moderated the shame response among sighted athletes, the researchers noted. Individuals from highly individualistic, self-expression-valuing cultures, primarily in North America and West Eurasian countries, hide their shame more. However, congenitally blind athletes across cultures showed the shame response, a finding the researchers said suggested that cultural difference found among sighted athletes was due to cultural norm.

"These findings support evolutionary accounts that pride and shame would have been powerful mechanisms in enhancing or inhibiting an individual's social status," Tracy said.

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine has more about mental health.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: University of British Columbia, news release, Aug. 11, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. AASM encourages those student-athletes at risk for developing osa to visit a sleep clinic
2. 1 in 3 Varsity Athletes Has Exercise-Induced Asthma
3. Advanced technologies aim to transform the coaching of top athletes
4. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
5. New discovery leaves blood-doping athletes scratching their heads
6. Crossfit Workout Challenge Raises Over $500,000 in Four Hours for Athletes for a Cure
7. Village Health Clubs and Spas Train Kids to Be Triathletes
8. Random drug testing not reliable in keeping teen athletes from using
9. Some Female Athletes Risking Weaker Bones
10. Motivational coaching climate outscores winning for young athletes
11. Presentation at ISSN Highlights Soy Protein Advantages for Endurance Athletes
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... Much attention has been paid to ... become dependent on opioid painkillers has fallen short. From 1999 until 2010, fatal overdoses ... increase in fatal overdoses in male populations.(1) , The proportion of women using illicit ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... This webinar , sponsored ... a tool to characterize particle size distributions in the field of geoscience and ... novel scientific findings. It describes methods of optimized and standardized sample collection, preparation ...
(Date:2/27/2017)... ... February 27, 2017 , ... Sunshine Coast Health ... British Columbia, Canada, at https://www.sunshinecoasthealthcentre.ca/ , is proud to announce the addition ... Alsager, showcases the Centre's commitment to innovation in drug rehab and alcohol treatment ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 25, 2017 , ... The February 13, 2017, ... awareness and concern over nerve agents and the deadly use of chemical weapons. Many ... system and how even small doses can be lethal. , Jay Jagannathan, M.D., of ...
(Date:2/26/2017)... ... February 26, 2017 , ... LatitudeC ... North America, today announced it would be offering some it’s exclusive product line ... on crafting quality and unique baby clothing/feeding products, will team up with AMAZON ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... report to their offering. ... The Global Empty Capsules Market is poised to grow at a ... billion by 2025. This industry report analyzes the market ... as regional levels presented in the research scope. The study provides historical ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... -- Physician General Dr. Rachel Levine and ... Smith commended South Central EMS today for their ... a life-saving overdose reversal drug. The recognition event also ... overdose survivor who was saved due to the administration ... part of fighting the opioid epidemic is making sure ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... , Feb. 24, 2017 Juan Monteverde ... Associates PC , a boutique securities firm headquartered at ... City , announces that a class action lawsuit ... Massachusetts  against Inotek Pharmaceuticals Corporation (NASDAQ:  ITEK)("Inotek" ... Company,s securities between July 23, 2015 and December 30, 2016, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: