Navigation Links
Astrocyte signaling sheds light on stroke research

BOSTON (March 18, 2013) New research published in The Journal of Neuroscience suggests that modifying signals sent by astrocytes, our star-shaped brain cells, may help to limit the spread of damage after an ischemic brain stroke. The study in mice, by neuroscientists at Tufts University School of Medicine, determined that astrocytes play a critical role in the spread of damage following stroke.

The National Heart Foundation reports that ischemic strokes account for 87% of strokes in the United States. Ischemic strokes are caused by a blood clot that forms and travels to the brain, preventing the flow of blood and oxygen.

Even when blood and oxygen flow is restored, however, neurotransmitter processes in the brain continue to overcompensate for the lack of oxygen, causing brain cells to be damaged. The damage to brain cells often leads to health complications including visual impairment, memory loss, clumsiness, moodiness, and partial or total paralysis.

Research and drug trials have focused primarily on therapies affecting neurons to limit brain cell damage. Phil Haydon's group at Tufts University School of Medicine have focused on astrocytes, a lesser known type of brain cell, as an alternative path to understanding and treating diseases affecting brain cells.

In animal models, his research team has shown that astrocyteswhich outnumber neurons by ten to onesend signals to neurons that can spread the damage caused by strokes. The current study determines that decreasing astrocyte signals limits damage caused by stroke by regulating the neurotransmitter pathways after an ischemic stroke.

The research team compared two sets of mice: a control group with normal astrocyte signaling levels and a group whose signaling was weakened enough to be made protective rather than destructive. To assess the effect of astrocyte protection after ischemic strokes, motor skills, involving tasks such as walking and picking up food, were tested. In addition, tissue samples were taken from both groups and compared.

"Mice with altered astrocyte signaling had limited damage after the stroke" said first author Dustin Hines, Ph.D., a post-doctoral fellow in the department of neuroscience at Tufts University School of Medicine. "Manipulating the astrocyte signaling demonstrates that astrocytes are critical to understanding the spread of damage following stroke."

"Looking into ways to utilize and enhance the astrocyte's protective properties in order to limit damage is a promising avenue in stroke research," said senior author Phillip Haydon, Ph.D. Haydon is the Annetta and Gustav Grisard professor and chair of the department of neuroscience at Tufts University School of Medicine and a member of the neuroscience program faculty at the Sackler School of Graduate Biomedical Sciences at Tufts.


Contact: Siobhan E. Gallagher
Tufts University, Health Sciences Campus

Related medicine news :

1. Kentucky team inhibits Alzheimers biomarkers in animal model by targeting astrocytes
2. Astrocytes identified as target for new depression therapy
3. Inhibiting Hedgehog signaling pathway may improve pancreatic cancer treatment
4. Grb2 holds powerful molecular signaling pathway in check
5. Aurka-to-p53 signaling: A link between stem cell regulation and cancer
6. Scientist receives $2.8 Million to study cell signaling mechanism and develop potential therapeutics
7. Investigational agent targets gene signaling pathways to improve response for patients with CLL
8. Signaling molecule may help stem cells focus on making bone despite age, disease
9. Study sheds new light on role of genetic mutations in colon cancer development
10. Bonobo Genome Sheds Light on Their Links to Chimps, Humans
11. Genetic Research Sheds Light on Jewish Diaspora
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... use in Final Cut Pro X. With ProSidebar: Fasion, video editors can easily ... use ProSidebar as a minimalist title opener. Utilize presets featuring self-animating drop zones, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Consistent with the ... 2016 Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs meeting will showcase some of ... 6, 2016, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas with a pre-conference session on ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking television series, "Voices in America", which is ... an array of issues that are presently affecting Americans. Dedicated to providing the world ... is changing the subjects consumers focus on, one episode at a time. , ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... Bangalore, Karnataka (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 ... ... the world, Health-E-minds, an innovative online platform for mental health and wellness consultation, ... KleverKid. , This partnership will bridge the knowledge gap experienced by parents and ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... IL (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... of the largest, most successful and prominent nonprofit healthcare organizations in the country. ... governance involvement with various organizations, and helped advance the healthcare industry as a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... adds "Global Repaglinide Industry ... Report on China Repaglinide Market, 2010-2019" ... data and information to its online ... . --> ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 Research and Markets ( ... "2016 Future Horizons and Growth Strategies in ... Shares, Country Segment Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities" ... --> --> This new ... Italian therapeutic drug monitoring market, including emerging tests, ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Cell Surface Marker ... Emerging Opportunities"  report to their offering.  ... announced the addition of the  "2016 ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: