Navigation Links
Association of quantity of alcohol and frequency of consumption with cancer mortality
Date:10/20/2011

A paper from the National Institutes of Health in the United States has evaluated the separate and combined effects of the frequency of alcohol consumption and the average quantity of alcohol drunk per occasion and how that relates to mortality risk from individual cancers as well as all cancers. The analysis is based on repeated administrations of the National Health Interview Survey in the US, assessing more than 300,000 subjects who suffered over 8,000 deaths from cancer. The research reports on total cancer deaths and deaths from lung, colorectal, prostate, and breast cancers.

The overall message of this analysis is that light to moderate alcohol intake does not appear to increase the risk of all-site cancer (and light drinking was shown in this study to be associated with a significant decrease in risk). Similarly, light to moderate consumption was not associated with site-specific cancers of the lung, colorectum, breast, or prostate.

As quantity consumed increased from 1 drink on drinking days to 3 or more drinks on drinking days (US drinks are 14g), risk of all-site cancer mortality increased by 22% among all participants. For total alcohol consumption (frequency x quantity), the data indicate a significant reduction in the risk of all-site cancers (RR=0.87, CI 0.80-0.94). Moderate drinking consistently shows no effect in the analysis, and only heavier drinking was associated with an increase in all-site cancer risk. For site-specific cancers, an increase in risk of lung cancer was seen for heavier drinkers, with a tendency for less cancer among light drinkers. There was no evidence of an effect of total alcohol consumption on colorectal, prostate, or breast cancer.

The authors excluded non-drinkers in a second analysis in which they used categories of usual daily quantity and of frequency of consumption in an attempt to investigate their separate effects. For all-site cancer and for lung cancer, these results again show an increase in risk only for drinkers reporting greater amounts of alcohol. The data also show an increase in cancer risk from more frequent drinking among women but not among men. For colorectal, prostate, and breast cancer, there is no clear pattern of an increase in risk from quantity of alcohol consumed. For frequency of drinking, again there is a suggestion of an increase in mortality risk with more frequent drinking, although the trends are not statistically significant.

Heavier drinking (three drinks or more per occasion) is known to be associated with a large number of adverse health effects, including certain cancers, as was shown in this study. When considering cancer, alcohol consumption should not be considered in isolation, but in conjunction with, other lifestyle behaviours (especially smoking when considering lung cancer). We agree with the authors that both quantity and frequency of consumption need to be considered when evaluating the relation of alcohol to cancer; further, beverage-specific effects need to be further evaluated.


'/>"/>

Contact: R. Curtis Ellison
ellison@bu.edu
508-333-1256
Boston University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Small study shows association between medication and reduction in brain amyloid levels related to AD
2. Association found between stress and breast cancer aggressiveness
3. Wayne State University engineering student receives American Tinnitus Association award
4. The association of alcohol drinking with migraine headache
5. The Helmholtz Association and Inserm create 2 joint research laboratories in France
6. Novel association between Parkinsons disease and prostate cancer
7. Ching-Hon Pui, M.D., recognized with American Association for Cancer Research award
8. BIDMC investigator to receive vascular biology award from the American Heart Association
9. The Association for Gerontology in Higher Education honors new officers, awardees
10. The American Association for Cancer Research hosts its 102nd Annual Meeting
11. Dartmouth Medical School faculty named fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... , ... METTLER TOLEDO has announced the availability of a ... Tools . , Crystallization is a common step used during the ... now spend more time developing better intermediate and final crystallization steps. By ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... Old School Labs™, makers ... Mr. Olympia Classic Physique bodybuilder Breon Ansley to its growing team of brand ambassadors. ... bodybuilder in 2012 and in less than a year was able to turn professional, ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... “Crossing the Bar”: a moving and eloquent ... life. “Crossing the Bar” is the creation of published author, Charlotte Hotte, a North ... who credits the inspiration of the book to her sister, Denise, wishes to acknowledge ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Valentine’s Day is a time when many people celebrate romance and love by ... be looking for the ideal present, Atlanta-based Perimeter Plastic Surgery is offering a ... Or, spend $200 and get $50 free. , “A lot of people just buy ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... ... January 22, 2017 , ... Medical lab testing through hospitals ... of a simple test will take days to arrive to the end customer, having ... direct access to their lab tests, bypassing the cost and delay of traditional means. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/23/2017)... 23, 2017 A new Transparency Market Research ... was valued at US$0.53 bn in 2013 and is predicted to ... CAGR between 2014 and 2022. The title of the report is ... Share, Growth, Trends and Forecast 2014 - 2022." ... Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), also referred ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... SAN FRANCISCO , January 23, 2017 The global  ... USD 18.3 billion by 2025. The rising incidence of depression worldwide is anticipated ... and psychotherapies has resulted in the declining demand for antidepressants in the recent ... ... Grand View Research Logo ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... SAN DIEGO , 23. Januar 2017  ResMed ... China ) und 3B Medical ( Winter ... sich auf eine Vereinbarung über die Beilegung aller globalen ... ist der Verkauf ihrer bestehenden Produkte im ... eine einmalige Zahlung an 3B leisten, um das in ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: