Navigation Links
As college drinking problems rise, new studies identify effective prevention strategies
Date:6/15/2009

Alcohol-related deaths among U.S. college students rose from 1,440 deaths in 1998 to 1,825 in 2005, along with increases in heavy drinking and drunk driving, according to an article in the July supplement of the Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs.

The special issue describes the results of a broad array of research-based programs to reduce and prevent alcohol-related problems at campuses across the country. These studies resulted from the Rapid Response to College Drinking Problems Initiative, a grant program supported by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA), part of the National Institutes of Health.

"This supplement is a valuable resource that underscores the growing number of research-driven strategies that college administrators and health officials can put in place to address serious student drinking problems," says Acting NIAAA Director Kenneth Warren, Ph.D.

Reviewing the magnitude of the college alcohol problem, Ralph W. Hingson, Sc.D, M.P.H., director of NIAAA's Division of Epidemiology and Prevention Research, and colleagues analyzed data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other government sources. They found that serious problems persist, as indicated by the increase in drinking-related accidental deaths among 18- to 24-year-old students, which resulted mainly from traffic-related incidents. In addition, the researchers found the proportion of students who reported recent heavy episodic drinking -- sometimes called binge drinking, defined as five or more alcoholic drinks on any occasion in the past 30 days -- rose from roughly 42 percent to 45 percent, and the proportion who admitted to drinking and driving in the past year increased from 26.5 percent to 29 percent.

"These are tragically and unacceptably high figures that indicate an urgent need for colleges and surrounding communities to implement evidence-based prevention and counseling programs," says Dr. Hingson. The results of NIAAA's rapid response grants, he says, demonstrate the wide range of individual, group, and community-level approaches that can influence student behavior and challenge the culture of college drinking.

Through the initiative, NIAAA scientists worked with 15 colleges facing alcohol-related crises, pairing them with five multidisciplinary teams of prevention and intervention experts. The collaboration yielded a mix of programs that showed different benefits. Examples from their findings include the following:

  • James F. Schaus, M.D., and colleagues at the University of Central Florida found that brief motivational interviews proved effective for high risk drinkers seen in a busy college health clinic. Compared to a control group, students who participated in two sessions reported consuming less alcohol six months later and had fewer drinking-related problems nine months later.
  • Hortensia Amaro, Ph.D., and colleagues at Northeastern University in Boston developed a one-on-one counseling program for students with alcohol and drug policy violations. Six months later, students who received the intervention were drinking less than counterparts who had not been through the program.
  • Joseph A. LaBrie and colleagues at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles evaluated the long-term effectiveness of a motivational-enhancement group intervention for first-year college women. Participants consumed significantly less alcohol across 10 weeks of follow-up, but not at six-month follow-up, suggesting the need for booster sessions during the first year of college.
  • Two separate studies developed programs in which colleges worked closely with their surrounding communities, using measures such as increased police patrols in problem neighborhoods and raising student awareness of their responsibilities as community residents. The studies found reductions in heavy drinking and a decrease in the number of off-campus incidents involving students. One study was led by Mark D. Wood, Ph.D., of the University of Rhode Island, and the other by Robert F. Saltz, Ph.D., of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation, working with two universities in Washington state.
  • Another study found that colleges have made online alcohol-policy information more available and accessible to students, parents, and other interested parties. This shift may reflect a greater engagement of colleges and universities in the issue of drinking on campus in general, according to lead author Vivian B. Faden, Ph.D., acting director of NIAAA's Office of Science Policy and Communications.

Dr. Warren notes that the rapid response grants grew out of the recommendations from the 2002 report of the NIAAA-sponsored Task Force on College Drinking. He adds that NIAAA remains committed to working with academic leaders and researchers to bridge the gap from research to practice in developing evidence-based college alcohol prevention and treatment programs.


'/>"/>

Contact: Gregory Roa
niaaapressoffice@nih.gov
301-443-3860
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Dangerous college drinking: Prevention is possible, studies suggest
2. College drinking problems, deaths on the rise
3. Colleges, communities combat off-campus student drinking
4. American College of Chest Physicians Celebrates the Nations Victory for Tobacco Control
5. New American College of Surgeons risk calculator determines colorectal surgery risk
6. Organogenesis Launches Regenerative Medicine College Scholarship
7. Elder Care Expert Doctor Marion Receives Accolades from Lehman College, Mature Market Resource Center in Same Week
8. Career Step Partners with Piedmont Community College to Help Students Gain Careers in Growing Healthcare Industry
9. iMedica Participates in American College of Physicians EHR Partners Program
10. AT&T Shares 2009 NCAA Womens College World Series With American Cancer Society and Boys & Girls Club
11. Edward Diehl Receives Outstanding Achievement Award From the American College of Addiction Treatment Administrators (ACATA)
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ‘Tis the season for giving! Today, 20 creative ... National Family Partnership and the Drug Enforcement Administration as part of the National Red ... 10 winning schools who decorated their campuses with this year’s Red Ribbon Week theme: ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... , ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... they now offer a comprehensive in-house dental plan for all patients. Understanding that ... a plan that gives patients a number of perks, including discounts on many ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... Deloitte Wisconsin 75, an annual ranking and recognition of the largest closely held ... list, having ranked from 2008-2016. In addition, Standard Process was awarded the Talent ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... Center For ... announced the opening of a new residential mental health treatment program in Chino ... issues such as severe anxiety, depression, bi-polar disorder, and other related issues. , ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... ... and stylish design wanted by today’s consumers at an affordable price, is now ... says the new watch is “a game changer” when it comes to the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2016 bioLytical Laboratories, un líder mundial en test rápidos ... HIV Self Test , a los miembros de la Kenya Pharmaceutical Association. ... ... INSTI HIV Self Test! (PRNewsFoto/bioLytical Laboratories) ...      (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20161201/444905 ) bioLytical fue invitada por la ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... GARDENS, N.Y. , Dec. 2, 2016  LifeVac, ... will be included in the Emergency Response Training and ... are very excited to have LifeVac become part of ... Lih , Founder and CEO of LifeVac. "Having an ... LifeVac safely and effectively will help leverage our efforts ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... India , December 2, 2016 ... report "In Vitro Diagnostics/IVD Market by Product (Instruments, ... Hematology), Application (Diabetes, Oncology, Cardiology, Nephrology, Infectious Diseases) ... global market is valued at USD 60.22 Billion ... at a CAGR of 5.5% during the forecast ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: