Navigation Links
Artificial intelligence helps diagnose cardiac infections
Date:9/12/2009

ROCHESTER, Minn. -- Mayo Clinic researchers say that "teachable software" designed to mimic the human brain may help them diagnose cardiac infections without an invasive exam. Those findings are being presented today at the Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) in San Francisco.

Endocarditis -- an infection involving the valves and sometimes chambers of the heart -- can be a problem in patients with implanted medical devices. It is serious and can be deadly. The mortality rate can be as high as one in five, even with aggressive treatment and removal of the device. With additional complications, the mortality could be over 60 percent. Diagnosis usually requires transesophageal echocardiography, an invasive procedure that also has risks. It involves use of an endoscope and insertion of a probe down the esophagus.

The software program is called an "artificial neural network" (ANN) because it mimics the brain's cognitive function and reacts differently to situations depending on its accumulated knowledge. That knowledge or training is provided by researchers, similar to how a person would "train" a computer to play chess, by introducing it to as many situations as possible. In this case, the ANN underwent three separate "trainings" to learn how to evaluate the symptoms it would be considering.

"If, through this novel method, we can help determine a percentage of endocarditis diagnoses with a high rate of accuracy, we hope to save a significant number of patients from the discomfort, risk and expense of the standard diagnostic procedure," says M. Rizwan Sohail, M.D., a Mayo Clinic infectious diseases specialist and leader of the study.

The team studied 189 Mayo patients with device-related endocarditis diagnosed between 1991 and 2003. The ANN was tested retrospectively on the data from these cases. When tested on cases with known diagnosis of endocarditis, the best-trained ANN was correct most of the time (72 of 73 implant-related infections and 12 of 13 endocarditis cases) with a confidence level greater than 99 percent.

Researchers say that, when used on an overall sample that included both known and unknown cases, the ANN accurately excluded endocarditis in at least half of the cases, thus eliminating half the cohort from a needless invasive procedure.


'/>"/>

Contact: Robert Nellis
newsbureau@mayo.edu
507-284-5005
Mayo Clinic
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Artificial Intelligence Helps Diagnose Cardiac Infections
2. Hypertronics HyperGrip(R) and D Series Connectors Selected for SynCardias Total Artificial Heart
3. Artificial Golgi may provide new insight into key cell structure
4. Chicago team uses artificial intelligence to diagnose metastatic cancer
5. National Insurance Carriers Now Cover Artificial Cervical Disc Surgery
6. South Florida Dentist Dr. Craig Spodak Recommends Artificial Sweetener Xylitol to Help Prevent Cavities
7. One step closer to an artificial nerve cell
8. Making nanoparticles in artificial cells
9. Artificial liver for drug tests
10. Artificial Ankle Takes Giant Step Forward
11. Dr. Dean Dornic Certified to Perform Artificial Cornea Transplant
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... SAN LUIS OBISPO, Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... with Alzheimer’s or dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for ... mean is the 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Talented host, actor Rob Lowe, ... in a new episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational program ... investigates each subject in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when the ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and San Francisco dentists, ... cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans are estimated to ... breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 percent of people ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Asante, a nationally ... care, have expanded their existing home health joint venture through an agreement, effective ... operating a joint venture home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... On Saturday, October 21, the Health & Wellness ... Moonlight to raise money for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. Teams of up ... work together to keep their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills will start at ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) ... of 2017 on Tuesday, October 24, 2017. Lilly will ... the investment community and media to further detail the ... begin at 9 a.m. Eastern time. Investors, media and ... the conference call through a link that will be ...
(Date:10/2/2017)... 2, 2017 Halo Labs announces the European launch of ... the HORIZON at MIBio 2017 in Cambridge, U.K ... particulate matter in biopharmaceutical samples with unprecedented speed and sensitivity while ... technique Backgrounded Membrane Imaging. ... HORIZON subvisible particle analysis system ...
(Date:9/28/2017)... , Sept. 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ... earnings conference call and webcast on Friday, November 3, ... (EDT) and ending at approximately 8:30 a.m. (CDT) / ... the company,s 2017 financial performance and guidance for 2018, ... initiatives to enhance operational performance, and long-range financial outlook ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: