Navigation Links
Article examines fecal microbiota transplantation in the August issue of GIE®
Date:8/22/2013

DOWNERS GROVE, Ill. August 22, 2013 Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) has emerged as a highly effective treatment for recurrent Clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infection, with very early experience suggesting that it may also play a role in treating other gastrointestinal (GI) and non-GI diseases. The topic is examined in the Review Article, "An overview of fecal microbiota transplantation: techniques, indications, and outcomes" in the August issue of GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy, the monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE). Also in this issue, the journal launches a new section called VideoGIE, which features high-quality videos of endoscopic procedures.

Fecal microbiota transplantation refers to the infusion of a suspension of fecal matter from a healthy individual into the GI tract of another person to cure a specific disease. FMT has received public attention recently with the publication of several studies showing that stool is a biologically active, complex mixture of living organisms with great therapeutic potential for Clostridium difficile infection and perhaps other GI and non-GI disorders. C. difficile is a bacterium recognized as the major causative agent of colitis (inflammation of the colon) and diarrhea that may occur following antibiotic intake. The disruption of the normal balance of colonic microbiota as a consequence of antibiotic use or other stresses can result in C. difficile infection. It is now estimated that 500,000 to 3 million cases of C. difficile occur annually in U.S. hospitals and long-term care facilities.

According to authors Lawrence J. Brandt, MD and Olga C. Aroniadis, MD, Montefiore Medical Center, Bronx, New York, current first-line treatment for C. difficile includes cessation of the culprit antibiotic, if possible, and treatment with metronidazole, vancomycin, or fidaxomicin, depending on disease severity. Most patients with C. difficile initially respond to this treatment, but recurrence rates are 15 percent to 35 percent. Patients who have one recurrence have up to a 45 percent chance of a second recurrence, and after a second recurrence, up to 65 percent of patients will have a third. Recurrences are usually treated with additional courses of metronidazole, oral vancomycin, or prolonged oral vancomycin in various pulsed-tapered regimens, occasionally "chased" by other antibiotics such as rifaximin. The high recurrence rates of C. difficile prompted the need for alternative therapies, to which the authors believe FMT offers a rational and relatively simple approach.

The Review Article addresses FMT methodology, including donor and recipient screening, donor selection, how FMT is performed and safety. FMT is most commonly performed via colonoscopy; however, donor feces also have been administered via a nasogastric or nasoenteric tube, gastroduodenoscopy, and enema. All the studies have reported remarkable cure rates without serious adverse effects directly attributable to FMT. The article notes that current literature on FMT for C. difficile predominantly comprises single-center case series and case reports, but also a meta-analysis, two systematic reviews, and one recently published randomized, controlled trial. In all, 92 percent of patients were cured of their recurrent C. difficile, with a range of 81 percent to 100 percent. In the only long-term follow-up study of FMT to date that included 5-medical centers and 77 patients who had FMT, the patients experienced a 91 percent primary cure rate and an astounding 98 percent secondary cure rate, the latter defined as cure enabled by use of antibiotics to which the patient had not responded before the FMT or by a second FMT. Patients in this study had symptoms for an average of 11 months before FMT, and most (74 percent) reported resolution of diarrhea within three days. FMT also has been successfully used to treat a variety of other GI disorders including inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, and constipation. There is a growing literature on an altered intestinal microbiome in these and other disorders.


'/>"/>

Contact: Anne Brownsey
630-570-5635
American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. The Law Firm of Pozzuolo Rodden, PC, Philadelphia Business Attorneys, Released the Article: "ObamaCare-The Mandates and Penalties Facing Privately Held Businesses"
2. Probiotics and Exercise for Anxiety and Stress Reduction Article and Video Released by Health News Wires
3. Dr. Babak Azizzadeh Posts New and Helpful Article About How to Deal With Too Much Facial Fillers
4. Potential Dangers of Diet Soda Article and Video Released by Health News Wires
5. Long Island Pulse Magazine Features Hands On HealthCare Massage Therapy and Wellness Day Spa in an Article on Spa Parties
6. Bible Scholar Publishes Article Says Will Prove The Whole Bible True
7. Research Study Shows on How to Limit Indoor Marijuana Smoke Odors and Particles
8. Exercising More Than Ever, The United State’s Obesity Rates Continue to Climb-- Article and Video released by Health News Wires
9. Increased Risk of Heart Disease Associated With Long-Term Obesity Article Published by Health News Wires
10. Pozzuolo Rodden, PC, Philadelphia Estate Planning Attorneys, Are Pleased to Announce the Release of the Article "Hot Topics in Estate Planning- 2013"
11. eHCGInjections Announces New Article; Doctor Contradicts FDA Take on HCG Injections for Weight Loss
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... ... There are nearly 14.5 million people living with and beyond cancer in the ... 2016, communities around the world will gather to recognize these cancer survivors as part ... is an annual worldwide Celebration of Life that is held on the first Sunday ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... , ... May 26, 2016 , ... An April Gallup ... families. , The 550 employees of Sun Health Senior Living (SHSL) may ... that reduces their doctor and prescription copays for the year, while holding the line ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... comprehensive treatment for eating disorders, is opening a brand new child and adolescent ... ages 8-17 and their families with even more specialized eating disorder treatment and ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... of Mehling Orthopedics and chief medical officer of Blue Horizon International (BHI), Brian ... Regeneration. The conference was held during May 5-6, 2016 in Chicago, IL, USA. ...
(Date:5/26/2016)... Robles, CA (PRWEB) , ... May 26, 2016 , ... ... bunion (also knowns as a bunionette) treatment was more than humbled by customer demand ... of one of their SKU's mid sale. Now that Bunion Bootie has completely replenished ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... May 25, 2016 Digital Health Dialog, ... it by the US Patent and Trademark Office ... includes proprietary processes for electronic opt-­in and processing ... wellness programs, HIPAA compliance and otherwise. ... "Our technology allows for individuals ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... , May 24, 2016 ... Markt gebracht, die es Ärzten erlaubt, ihre Expertise ... behandeln: MDLinking kombiniert Live Streaming mit einer Instant-Messaging-Funktion ... zu kommunizieren. Mediziner in Europa, Afrika, Asien und ... bereits für die Plattform registriert. Information ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... HENDERSON, Nev. , May 24, 2016  Diana ... painfully "eats" her organs from the inside out.  This ... her completely dependent on her children and grandchildren to ... of her wheelchair, Diana,s family cannot haul the wheelchair.  ... rides in the car, and Diana is left to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: