Navigation Links
Are you listening? Kids' ear infections cost health care system nearly $3 billion a year
Date:1/9/2014

Acute otitis media, or ear infection, is the most common ailment among kids of preschool age and younger in the U.S., primarily because these children have immature middle-ear drainage systems, higher exposure to respiratory illnesses and undeveloped immune systems.

And because it's also the most common reason for antibiotic use among all children, the costs associated with acute otitis media (AOM) are under more scrutiny than ever by health care and government administrators, especially given today's political and economic climate, strained health-care resources and cost-containment efforts.

While estimates of the economic impact of AOM have been formulated in the past, a new study by UCLA and Harvard University researchers is the first to use a national population database that gives a direct, head-to-head comparison of expenditures for pediatric patients diagnosed with ear infections and similar patients without ear infections.

The findings show that AOM is associated with significant increases in direct costs incurred by consumers and the health care system. With its high prevalence across the U.S., pediatric AOM accounts for approximately $2.88 billion in added health care expenses annually and is a significant health-care utilization concern.

The research is published in the current edition of the journal The Laryngoscope.

"Although the annual incidence of ear infection may be declining in the U.S., the number of kids affected remains high, and the public health implications of AOM are substantial," said study co-author Dr. Nina Shapiro, director of pediatric otolaryngology at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA and a professor of head and neck surgery at the David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA. "As our health care system continues to be vigorously discussed around the nation, efforts to control costs and allocate resources appropriately are of prime importance."

For the study, the researchers examined records of pediatric patients under the age of 18 culled from the 2009 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a national survey conducted by the Agency for Health Research and Quality which serves a benchmark data-set specifically designed for the assessment of health care costs.

Of the 81.5 million children the researchers sampled, 8.7 million had received care for ear infections. The rates of visits to the doctor's office, refills of prescription medications and health care costs associated with doctor visits were then compared between those with diagnosed ear infections and those without. The rates were adjusted for age, sex, region, race, ethnicity, insurance status and co-morbidities.

The researchers found that children with ear infections had an average of two additional outpatient visits, 0.2 emergency visits and 1.6 prescriptions filled, compared with those without ear infections.

Ear infections were associated with an incremental increase of $314 per child annually for outpatient health care and an average of $17 in additional costs for medications. This resulted in an overall $2.88 billion annual cost for ear infections.

"Although certain immunizations that target infection-causing bacteria may play a role in slightly reducing the overall rate of ear infections, millions of young kids will still have them," Shapiro said. "The take-home message is that the common ear infection is an extremely costly entity with significant financial burdens on the health care system."

Future studies on the health care cost associated with AOM may include analyzing the indirect costs, such as work and school days missed, gasoline costs and parking charges for outpatient visits, the researchers said.


'/>"/>
Contact: Amy Albin
aalbin@mednet.ucla.edu
310-794-8672
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study Suggests Vaccine May Help Kids With Brain Cancer
2. Study Suggests Treating Dyslexia Before Kids Learn to Read
3. Heavy Backpacks Give Kids Back Trouble
4. Codeine After Surgery Could Endanger Certain Kids: Study
5. Study Shows New Option for Kids With Tough-to-Treat Leukemia
6. Parents of Kids With Cancer No More Likely to Break Up
7. Death From Accidental Injuries Among Kids Drops 30%: CDC
8. Rice University student engineers automate limb lengthening for kids
9. When to have kids: A complex question for hazel dormice
10. Animals More Interesting to Kids Than Toys, Study Shows
11. Some Schools Dont Let Kids Carry Asthma Inhalers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/24/2017)... Tampa, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2017 ... ... Fla., is now offering genetic testing for medications in select Florida and Texas ... of pharmacogenomics. , This new application of genetic testing recognizes the role ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Rhode Island ... Care Management Alerts and Dashboards, an innovative new service enabling healthcare providers to ... Care Management Alerts and Dashboards provide near real-time data about patients admitted to ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Military Officers Association of America (MOAA) announced ... Veterans Affairs, retired Marine Col. Thomas G. Bowman. , Bowman currently serves as the ... an intimacy with the issues and challenges veterans face with the VA. Following a ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... The Aesthetic ... facelift . Dr. Talei has come up with a proprietary technique that he calls ... lifts tissues that have dropped. For all ages, patients can expect to look refreshed, ...
(Date:6/23/2017)... Santa Monica, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 23, 2017 , ... ... PureLife as the endorsed amalgam separator supplier for CDA members. As part of the ... a reduced price of $99, saving more than $400 off the retail value. This ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/9/2017)... ALTO, Calif. , June 9, 2017 ... device company focused on the design, manufacture, sale and ... the market on the progress of its commercial roll-out ... is now available in more than one hundred (100) ... AeroForm offers a needle-free alternative for ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... , June 7, 2017 Endo International ... June 7, 2017, the Hon. Joseph R. Goodwin ... of West Virginia , entered a ... Inc. Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation (the "MDL") ... MDL cases to provide expert disclosures on specific causation ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... -- Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ... 3 MONARCH 2 study showed that abemaciclib, a ... with fulvestrant, significantly improved progression-free survival (PFS) compared ... hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative ... progressed after endocrine therapy (median PFS, 16.4 vs. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: