Navigation Links
Are civil unions a 600-year-old tradition?
Date:8/23/2007

A compelling new study from the September issue of the Journal of Modern History reviews historical evidence, including documents and gravesites, suggesting that homosexual civil unions may have existed six centuries ago in France. The article is the latest from the ongoing Contemporary Issues in Historical Perspective series, which explores the intersection between historical knowledge and current affairs.

Commonly used rationales in support of gay marriage and gay civil unions avoid historical arguments. However, as Allan A. Tulchin (Shippensburg University) reveals in his forthcoming article, a strong historical precedent exists for homosexual civil unions.

Opponents of gay marriage in the United States today have tended to assume that nuclear families have always been the standard household form. However, as Tulchin writes, Western family structures have been much more varied than many people today seem to realize, and Western legal systems have in the past made provisions for a variety of household structures.

For example, in late medieval France, the term affrrement roughly translated as brotherment ? was used to refer to a certain type of legal contract, which also existed elsewhere in Mediterranean Europe. These documents provided the foundation for non-nuclear households of many types and shared many characteristics with marriage contracts, as legal writers at the time were well aware, according to Tulchin.

The new brothers pledged to live together sharing un pain, un vin, et une bourse one bread, one wine, and one purse. As Tulchin notes, The model for these household arrangements is that of two or more brothers who have inherited the family home on an equal basis from their parents and who will continue to live together, just as they did when they were children. But at the same time, the affrrement was not only for brothers, since many other people, including relatives and non-relatives, used it.

The effects of entering into an affr rement were profound. As Tulchin explains: All of their goods usually became the joint property of both parties, and each commonly became the others legal heir. They also frequently testified that they entered into the contract because of their affection for one another. As with all contracts, affrrements had to be sworn before a notary and required witnesses, commonly the friends of the affr rs.

Tulchin argues that in cases where the affr rs were single unrelated men, these contracts provide considerable evidence that the affr rs were using affr rements to formalize same-sex loving relationships. . . . I suspect that some of these relationships were sexual, while others may not have been. It is impossible to prove either way and probably also somewhat irrelevant to understanding their way of thinking. They loved each other, and the community accepted that. What followed did not produce any documents.

He concludes: The very existence of affrrements shows that there was a radical shift in attitudes between the sixteenth century and the rise of modern antihomosexual legislation in the twentieth.


'/>"/>
Contact: Suzanne Wu
swu@press.uchicago.edu
773-834-0386
University of Chicago Press Journals
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Betterment Of Health In Case Of Gay And Lesbian Civil Partnerships
2. Health Minister-Gujarat Rushed To Civil Hospital
3. Lack of Equipment and Skilled Doctors Costing Civilian Lives in Iraq
4. Pakistan civil servants may retire at 62
5. India-Born Dr Death Faces Civil Suits
6. Various Civil Society Groups Form Alliance to Fight HIV/AIDS
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/22/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... In today’s world, homeowners face ... the market, it is easy to start feeling frustrated and confused. To help ... complimentary security consultation. , Home Security Hardware Choices, There are innumerable choices for ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 22, 2017 , ... Author Michèle Wolff has ... for every household and family to know all about it for optimal health. Wanting ... the release of “ Detox, Digestive and Wellness Solutions ” (published by Balboa Press ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... As recently as 2015, rhinoplasty was one of ... of Plastic Surgeons. Some patients want to make a change in the appearance of ... their breathing ability. The team at usrhinoplasty.org is expanding its article database ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... ... the further expansion of its eHealth App xChange™, providing clinical researchers more ... Bioclinica’s extensive and growing eHealth platform. Applications that enable patient-centered clinical trials ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... ... February 21, 2017 , ... A February 6 article on Healio ... It found that the treatments have led to significant improvements in weight loss and ... efforts. It also noted very few problematic results relating to the treatment. Beverly Hills ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/21/2017)... 2017 Cadence Design Systems, Inc. (NASDAQ: ... ® Fusion F1 DSP is part of the latest ... licensable IP targets SoCs designed for battery-powered sensor nodes used ... the Fusion F1 DSP both to implement the IEEE 802.11ah ... audio identification and sensor fusion on a single DSP. Customers ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... and Markets has announced the addition of the "Liver Cirrhosis Drugs ... ... Drugs Price Analysis and Strategies - 2016, provides drug pricing data and ... the following questions: What are the key drugs ... in the Global Liver Cirrhosis market? What are the ...
(Date:2/21/2017)... , Feb. 21, 2017 Research and Markets ... Strategies - 2016" report to their offering. ... The latest research Rosacea Drugs Price Analysis and ... Rosacea market. The research answers the following questions: ... clinical attributes? How are they positioned in the Global Rosacea market? ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: