Navigation Links
Aphasia and bilingualism: Using one language to relearn another
Date:9/26/2013

This news release is available in French.

In the era of globalization, bilingualism is becoming more and more frequent, and it is considered a plus. However, can this skill turn into a disadvantage, when someone acquires aphasia? More precisely, if a bilingual person suffers brain damage (i.e. stroke, head trauma, dementia) and this results in a language impairment called aphasia, then the two languages can be disrupted, thus increasing the challenge of language rehabilitation. According to Dr. Ana Ins Ansaldo, researcher at the Research Centre of the Institut universitaire de griatrie de Montral (IUGM), and a professor at the School of Speech Therapy and Audiology at Universit de Montral, research evidence suggests that bilingualism can be a leverand not an obstacleto aphasia recovery.

A recent critical literature review conducted by Ana Ins Ansaldo and Ladan Ghazi Saidi -Ph.D student- points to three interventional avenues to promote cross-linguistic effects of language therapy (the natural transfer effects that relearning one language has on the other language).

It is important for speech-language pathologists to clearly identify a patient's mastery of either language before and after aphasia onset, in order to decide which language to stimulate to achieve better results. Overall, the studies reviewed show that training the less proficient language (before or after aphasia onset)and not the dominant languageresults in bigger transfer effects on the untreated language.

Moreover, similarities between the two languages, at the levels of syntax, phonology, vocabulary, and meaning, will also facilitate language transfer. Specifically, working on "cognates," or similar words in both languages, facilitates cross-linguistic transfer of therapy effects. For example, stimulating the word "table" in French will also help the retrieval of the word "table" in English, as these words have the same meaning and similar sounds in French and English. However, training "non-cognates" (words that sound alike, but do not share the same meanings) can be confusing for the bilingual person with aphasia.

In general, semantic therapy approaches, based on stimulating word meanings, facilitate transfer of therapy effects from the treated language to the untreated one. In other words, drilling based on the word's semantic properties can help recovering both the target word and its cross-linguistic equivalent. For example, when the speech-language pathologist cues the patient to associate the word "dog" to the ideas of "pet," "four legs" and "bark,", the French word "chien" is as well activated, and will be more easily retrieved than by simply repeating the word "dog".

"In the past, therapists would ask patients to repress or stifle one of their two languages, and focus on the target language. Today, we have a better understanding of how to use both languages, as one can support the other. This is a more complex approach, but it gives better results and respects the inherent abilities of bilingual people. Considering that bilinguals may soon represent the majority of our clients, this is definitely a therapeutic avenue we need to pursue," explained Ana Ins Ansaldo, who herself is quadrilingual.


'/>"/>

Contact: William Raillant-Clark
w.raillant-clark@umontreal.ca
514-343-7593
University of Montreal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Shift of language function to right hemisphere impedes post-stroke aphasia recovery
2. Strengthening speech networks to treat aphasia
3. Cycle Technologies Announces New Article Addressing Reasons Why Many Women in the U.S. Are Not Using Contraception
4. Breast Enhancement Using Your Own Fat: No Longer Just A Fantasy
5. Imprivata is the Most Widely Selected Single Sign-On Solution by U.S. Hospitals Using McKesson Paragon or Horizon According to HIMSS Analytics
6. Parker Waichman LLP Represents Wisconsin Woman in Lawsuit Alleging Mirena IUD Perforated her Uterus, Causing Serious Pain and Injuries
7. Over 600 Water Mains Break Every Day in the US Causing Nationwide Water Concerns
8. Self-Sterilizing Surfaces Technology Using Photodisinfection Recognized at EuCheMS Conference
9. Hudson, NY Dental Implants Now Offer Support for Dentures Using Implant Supported Dentures with Dr. Robert Danz
10. FOTO Now Has Clients in All 50 States Using Their Outcomes Measurement Program
11. Study Says Using the da Vinci Surgical Robot for a Hysterectomy Fails to Cut Complications and May Raise Pneumonia Risk, Notes Parker Waichman LLP
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... Planet Fitness, one of the largest ... its plans to open a flagship location in Covington, LA at 401 N. U.S. ... Go store next to Office Depot in the Holiday Square shopping center. Its location ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... MD (PRWEB) , ... October 12, 2017 , ... The ... of Excellence to Carol Friedman, PhD, FACMI, during the Opening Session of AMIA’s Annual ... – 8. , In honor of Morris F. Collen, a pioneer in the field ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... ... has recently contributed a medical article to the newly revamped Cosmetic Town ... article spotlights the hair transplant procedure known as Follicular Unit Extraction ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... On Saturday, October 21, the ... – Miles by Moonlight to raise money for the American Heart Association Heart Walk. ... , Teams will work together to keep their treadmills moving for 5 hours. Treadmills ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... In the ... a year. In some states—like New York, New Jersey, Massachusetts, Texas, Virginia, Connecticut, ... retirement havens have extremely low property-tax rates, which contributes to the relatively lower ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:9/27/2017)... , Sept. 27, 2017  Commended for their devotion ... notable awards. Ranked as number one in the South Florida ... time in Inc. 5000 yearly list, the national specialty pharmacy ... Armando Bardisa will soon be honored by SFBJ ... Set to receive his award in ...
(Date:9/25/2017)... , Sept. 25, 2017   Montrium ... Master File solutions, today—from the IQPC Trial Master ... , NL)—announced that EastHORN Clinical Services has ... clinical programs and TMF management. EastHORN, a leading ... eTMF platform to increase transparency to enable greater ...
(Date:9/23/2017)... -- Janssen Biotech, Inc. (Janssen) announced today that it ... Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for the Biologics License ... of moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The ... to further evaluate the safety of sirukumab in the ... "We are disappointed by ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: