Navigation Links
Antioxidants do not prevent degenerative eye disease
Date:10/8/2007

A diet rich in antioxidant vitamins and minerals does not seem to prevent the degenerative eye disease known as age related macular degeneration, finds a study published on bmj.com today.

Age related macular degeneration is the leading cause of visual loss in older people. It is caused by the progressive break down of light sensitive cells in the macula, located in the centre of the retina at the back of the eye. Sufferers do not go blind, but find it virtually impossible to read, drive, or do tasks requiring fine, sharp, central vision.

Risk increases with age and smokers are thought to be more susceptible.

Antioxidants (such as vitamin C, vitamin E, various types of carotenoids, and zinc) are thought to reduce oxidative damage to the retina. But the evidence to support the role of dietary antioxidants in preventing macular degeneration remains unclear.

So researchers at the Centre for Eye Research Australia, the University of Melbourne analysed the evidence to examine the role of dietary antioxidants or dietary supplements in the primary prevention of age related macular degeneration.

They identified 11 studies (seven prospective studies and three randomised controlled trials) involving 149,203 people. A range of common dietary antioxidants were investigated and all the studies were carried out amongst well nourished Western populations with an average follow-up period of nine years.

Importantly, all the studies adjusted for age and smoking in their analyses.

The antioxidants investigated differed across studies, but when results were pooled they showed that vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, α- carotene, β-carotene, β-cryptoxanthin and lycopene have little or no effect in the primary prevention of early age-related macular degeneration.

None of the three trials found antioxidant supplements to be protective in the primary prevention of early age related macular degeneration.

Despite some study limitations, the authors conclude that there is insufficient evidence to support the role of dietary antioxidants, including the use of dietary antioxidant supplements, for the primary prevention of early age-related macular degeneration.

Currently, cigarette smoking remains the only widely accepted modifiable risk factor for the primary prevention of early age-related macular degeneration, and patients seeking advice on this condition should be encouraged to quit, they add.

An accompanying editorial by Jennifer Evans at the International Centre for Eye Health supports these findings and says that reducing the prevalence of smoking is probably the most effective method of reducing the population burden of this common cause of visual loss in older people.


'/>"/>
Contact: Emma Dickinson
edickinson@bmj.com
44-020-738-36529
BMJ-British Medical Journal
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Antioxidants protect health tissue in people undergoing radiation therapy.
2. Antioxidants found in chocolates
3. Antioxidants used for longevity
4. Herbs: rich soure of antioxidants
5. Herbs: rich soure of antioxidants
6. Antioxidants found in chocolates
7. Sweet corn releases antioxidants on cooking
8. The Use Of Antioxidants To Diminish Effects of Alcohol During Pregnancy Questioned
9. Commercial grape juices and vinegars found rich in antioxidants
10. Antioxidants in the body protects the airways from diesel exhaust effect
11. Fruit And Vegetable Peels Are Rich Source Of Potent Antioxidants
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... 2017 , ... An August 3rd article on Reuters covers a new University of ... JAMA (the Journal of the American Medical Association). The study found that a lower percentage ... 30, when compared to patients with lower BMIs. At present, weight loss patients must have ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... The Data Council, the leading ... was acquired by Advantage Solutions. The Data Council’s IX-ONE platform is the ... industry’s leading suppliers, brokers, distributors and retailers. The Data Council will become a ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... In ... They celebrate 30 years in business this year, and they’re marking the milestone ... space to serve their patients. , It stands to reason that, given ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... August 16, 2017 , ... Modern Consulting Insurance & ... program. Partnering once again with Boys & Girls Clubs of Greater Kansas City, ... area’s very own American Idol. With all proceeds benefitting local worthy causes, donations ...
(Date:8/16/2017)... ... ... Paul Vitenas, MD, FACS , is honored to announce that he ... the nation’s top physicians, in a variety of specialties. This marks the fourth year ... Connolly’s coveted ranking. , Castle Connolly is the nation’s trusted provider of information on ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:8/2/2017)... , Aug. 2, 2017 ... Who,s Who as a Pinnacle Lifetime Professional in ... Key Account Manager at Turing Pharmaceuticals, AG. Her ... troubleshooting and relationship building.                ... more than 25 years of experience as a ...
(Date:8/1/2017)... 2017   CerSci Therapeutics , a non-opioid drug ... , has received notice from the National Institute on ... (NIH) that it has been awarded a Direct-to-Phase II ... in 2017 with an additional $1,000,000 to follow in ... application of their lead non-opioid drug candidate CT-044 to ...
(Date:7/28/2017)... July 28, 2017 Hill-Rom Holdings, Inc. ("Hill-Rom") ... third quarter ended June 30, 2017, and updated its ... For the fiscal third quarter, Hill-Rom ... $0.68 per diluted share in the prior-year period. These ... $0.39 per diluted share primarily related to the non-cash ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: