Navigation Links
Antibiotics in Pregnancy May Shield Newborns From Strep B
Date:1/5/2012

THURSDAY, Jan. 5 (HealthDay News) -- Giving antibiotics to pregnant women at risk of streptococcus B infection greatly reduces infection rates in newborns, according to a new study.

Use of antibiotics to prevent group B strep is common in high-income nations and should also be used in developing countries, at least until a vaccine becomes available, said study author Dr. Karen Edmond, of the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine in England, and colleagues.

The researchers analyzed dozens of previous studies and found that the mean global incidence of group B strep infection in infants up to 3 months old was 0.53 per 1,000 live births and the mean death rate was 10 percent.

Africa had the highest incidence (1.21 cases per 1,000 live births) and death rate (22 percent). Incidence in the Americas [0.67 per 1,000 live births] and Europe [0.57 per 1,000 live births] was also higher than the global average. The death rate was 11 percent in the Americas and 7 percent in Europe.

Worldwide, the death rate for early-onset group B strep infection -- occurring the first week of life -- was 12 percent, twice that of later-onset disease.

Sixty-nine percent of the studies reported use of any preventive antibiotic treatment in the time between labor and delivery (intrapartum). Rates of early-onset disease were three times lower in studies that reported preventive use of antibiotics than those that did not report such use.

The study appears in the Jan. 5 issue of The Lancet.

The most common strep B serotype in all regions was serotype III (49 percent), followed by serotypes Ia (23 percent), Ib (7 percent), II (6 percent), and V (9 percent).

The distribution of strains of strep B appears similar worldwide, which means that vaccines currently in development could have near-universal applicability, according to the researchers.

"A conjugate vaccine incorporating five serotypes (Ia, Ib, II, III, V) could prevent most global group B streptococcal disease," they wrote in a journal news release. Phase 3 trials of vaccines will soon begin in Africa, they said.

"Vaccination of pregnant women also has the potential to reduce premature births, stillbirths, and puerperal sepsis [a toxic condition] caused by group B streptococcus," the researchers said.

More information

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has more about group B strep infections in newborns.

-- Robert Preidt

SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, Jan. 4, 2012


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. More Sore Throats Seen in Acne Patients Taking Antibiotics
2. Preserving lifesaving antibiotics today and for the future
3. Southeast U.S. Still Using High Levels of Antibiotics, Study Shows
4. New method to diagnose sinusitis could reduce use of antibiotics
5. Community storage of anthrax-preventing antibiotics should be determined by state
6. Eye Antibiotics Can Cause Drug-Resistant Bacteria: Study
7. Antibiotics Beat Cranberries at Fighting Urinary Tract Infections in Study
8. Gonorrheas Growing Resistance to Antibiotics Concerns CDC
9. Van Andel Research Institute finding could lead to reduced side effects in anti-cancer antibiotics
10. Docs Overprescribing Antibiotics for Home-Care Patients: Study
11. Too Many Kids Getting Antibiotics for Asthma
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Antibiotics in Pregnancy May Shield Newborns From Strep B
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... "With 30 hand-drawn hand gesture animations, FCPX ... Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProHand Cartoon’s package transforms over ... Cut Pro X . Simply select a ProHand generator and drag it above media ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Conventional wisdom preaches ... success. In terms of the latter, setting the bar too high can result in ... than just slow progress toward their goal. , Research from PsychTests.com ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... and Scientific Sessions in Dallas that it will receive two significant new grants ... grants came as PHA marked its 25th anniversary by recognizing patients, medical professionals ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Plano, TX (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... taking part in Genome magazine’s Code Talker Award, an essay contest in which patients ... for an award to be presented at the 2016 National Society of Genetic Counselors ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... National recruitment ... a life sciences executive with extensive sequencing and genomics experience, as Vice President of ... position, Ms. Hill will be responsible for leading the sales team in the commercialization ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the ... to 2022" report to their offering. ... patients with kidney failure, it replaces the function of kidneys ... blood and thus the treatment helps to keep the patient ... Increasing number of ESRD patients & substantial ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the ... to 2022" report to their offering. ... financial data derived from varied research sources to present unique ... on the market during the next five years, including a ... markets, regional and country level analysis. The report provides a ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... and INDIANAPOLIS , June ... receiving a Lilly Diabetes Tomorrow,s Leaders Scholarship is any ... scholarship winners, announced today online at www.diabetesscholars.org ... type 1 diabetes stand in the way of academic ... supported the Foundation,s scholarship program since 2012, and continues ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: