Navigation Links
Anti-social behavior in girls predicts adolescent depression seven years later
Date:2/17/2009

Past behavior is generally considered to be a good predictor of future behavior, but new research indicates that may not be the case in the development of depression, particularly among adolescent girls.

University of Washington social scientists tracked first- and second-graders for seven years and found that anti-social behavior among girls and anxiety among both sexes predicted depression in early adolescence. Surprisingly, early signs of depression were not predictive of adolescent depression.

"Anti-social behavior has typically been viewed as a big problem among boys, so it tends to be ignored among girls. Boys with early anti-social behavior typically go on to show more anti-social behavior while girls may turn inward with symptoms, morphing into other mental health problems such as depression eating disorders, anxiety and suicidal behavior during adolescence ," said James Mazza, a UW professor of educational psychology and lead author of the new study. He is currently serving as the past president of the American Association of Suicidology.

"When all the risk factors were analyzed, anti-social behavior and anxiety were the most predictive of later depression. It just may be that they are more prevalent in the early elementary school years than depression." He noted that depression and anxiety share a number of symptoms.

Mazza said that early adolescence is when the first episode of depression typically occurs and that's when it has been noted that gender difference occur, with more girls than boys experiencing depressive symptoms. Children can be assessed at 6 and 7 years of age, but depression is not often recognized or diagnosed until the middle school years.

Children in this study were drawn from a larger project looking at the risks for health and behavior problems. That project was conducted by the university's Social Development Research Group, with which Mazza is affiliated. More than 800 children participated in the depression study. Eighty-one percent were white and 54 percent were boys.

Data were collected annually from the children and their parents and teachers when the children were in the first or second grade. The children filled out surveys that measured their levels of depression, anxiety and anti-social behavior, as well as other measures that were not investigated in this study. Parents and teachers filled out questionnaires about the children's anti-social behavior and social competency, which measured such things as the youngsters' abilities to understand other people's feeling, to make new friends and resolve conflicts. Teachers also rated each child's academic performance. In addition, parents filled out questionnaires concerning family and marital conflict, family stress and parental depression.

"One finding from this study that is a mind-grabber is that young children can identify themselves as being anxious and depressed," said Mazza. "When they had scores that were elevated we were a bit surprised because we thought they would say, 'My life is fun and I play a lot.' But they are able to understand and report feeling depressed or anxious, and tell us so. This suggests giving health surveys in early elementary school is a good idea and we should talk to kids in the first and second grades because they can give us valuable information."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joel Schwarz
joels@u.washington.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds behavioral link between insomnia and tension-type headaches
2. Stronger effort needed to prevent mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in young people
3. Preventing Mental and Behavioral Disorders in Young People
4. ValueOptions(R) New Mexico Files Formal Protest of Award of New Mexico Behavioral Health Contract to United
5. Rice U. conference to explore musics role in human cognition and behavior
6. Mental Illness Doesnt Predict Violent Behavior
7. Children with Special Needs Affecting Behavior More Likely to Use Child Restraints Correctly
8. Prescription Drugs: Good Medicine - Bad Behavior; Science Matters Program Explores the Rise in Prescription Drug Abuse Presented by the California Science Center
9. Many Alzheimers Caregivers Admit to Abusive Behavior
10. Infants draw on past to interpret present, understand other peoples behavior
11. When less attention improves behavior
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/16/2017)... , ... January 16, 2017 , ... NexTec Group has ... group of 100 organizations honored for their accomplishments in the field of midmarket financial ... industry leadership and recognition, and innovation. Selection is not based on revenue and those ...
(Date:1/15/2017)... Viejo, California (PRWEB) , ... January 15, 2017 , ... ... a stylistic slideshow with complete customization and ease," said Christina Austin - CEO of ... of controls so that users can edit the style and animation of their slideshows. ...
(Date:1/14/2017)... ... 14, 2017 , ... Healthy living brand Moody Zook recently ... products. With more and more people opting to go organic in their lifestyle, ... cater to specific needs. , Moody Zook focused particularly on their newly launched ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... ... 2017 , ... The 18th European Congress: Perspectives in Lung Cancer will be ... This Congress is expertly designed to meet the educational needs of European oncology clinicians ... Chaired by Dr. Giorgio V. Scagliotti, Professor of Oncology at the University of Torino, ...
(Date:1/13/2017)... PA (PRWEB) , ... January 13, 2017 , ... An ... than a black or brown belt in order to diversify my outfits, so he ... into greater wear. , THE T.O.O.B. enhances the appearance of a belt to allow ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/16/2017)... Linde Gas North America LLC  today announced that it ... The Service Center LLC, a market leading provider of medical ... the Midwest and Southeast regions of the U.S. ... Service Center also has facilities in Southfield, Michigan ... Its primary services include: Medical oxygen ...
(Date:1/16/2017)... 16, 2017  Rigel Pharmaceuticals (Nasdaq: RIGL ... January 16, 2017 the Compensation Committee of Rigel,s Board ... to purchase an aggregate of 214,000 shares of common ... pursuant to the Rigel Pharmaceuticals, Inc. Inducement Plan, as ... entering into employment with Rigel, in accordance with NASDAQ ...
(Date:1/15/2017)... DUBLIN , January 16, 2017 ... produits innovants à base de collagène pour la régénération de ... au poste de directeur général avec effet immédiat. ... Bill est ... qui a occupé plusieurs postes de gestion générale et de ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: