Navigation Links
Anti-social behavior in girls predicts adolescent depression seven years later
Date:2/17/2009

Past behavior is generally considered to be a good predictor of future behavior, but new research indicates that may not be the case in the development of depression, particularly among adolescent girls.

University of Washington social scientists tracked first- and second-graders for seven years and found that anti-social behavior among girls and anxiety among both sexes predicted depression in early adolescence. Surprisingly, early signs of depression were not predictive of adolescent depression.

"Anti-social behavior has typically been viewed as a big problem among boys, so it tends to be ignored among girls. Boys with early anti-social behavior typically go on to show more anti-social behavior while girls may turn inward with symptoms, morphing into other mental health problems such as depression eating disorders, anxiety and suicidal behavior during adolescence ," said James Mazza, a UW professor of educational psychology and lead author of the new study. He is currently serving as the past president of the American Association of Suicidology.

"When all the risk factors were analyzed, anti-social behavior and anxiety were the most predictive of later depression. It just may be that they are more prevalent in the early elementary school years than depression." He noted that depression and anxiety share a number of symptoms.

Mazza said that early adolescence is when the first episode of depression typically occurs and that's when it has been noted that gender difference occur, with more girls than boys experiencing depressive symptoms. Children can be assessed at 6 and 7 years of age, but depression is not often recognized or diagnosed until the middle school years.

Children in this study were drawn from a larger project looking at the risks for health and behavior problems. That project was conducted by the university's Social Development Research Group, with which Mazza is affiliated. More than 800 children participated in the depression study. Eighty-one percent were white and 54 percent were boys.

Data were collected annually from the children and their parents and teachers when the children were in the first or second grade. The children filled out surveys that measured their levels of depression, anxiety and anti-social behavior, as well as other measures that were not investigated in this study. Parents and teachers filled out questionnaires about the children's anti-social behavior and social competency, which measured such things as the youngsters' abilities to understand other people's feeling, to make new friends and resolve conflicts. Teachers also rated each child's academic performance. In addition, parents filled out questionnaires concerning family and marital conflict, family stress and parental depression.

"One finding from this study that is a mind-grabber is that young children can identify themselves as being anxious and depressed," said Mazza. "When they had scores that were elevated we were a bit surprised because we thought they would say, 'My life is fun and I play a lot.' But they are able to understand and report feeling depressed or anxious, and tell us so. This suggests giving health surveys in early elementary school is a good idea and we should talk to kids in the first and second grades because they can give us valuable information."


'/>"/>

Contact: Joel Schwarz
joels@u.washington.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study finds behavioral link between insomnia and tension-type headaches
2. Stronger effort needed to prevent mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders in young people
3. Preventing Mental and Behavioral Disorders in Young People
4. ValueOptions(R) New Mexico Files Formal Protest of Award of New Mexico Behavioral Health Contract to United
5. Rice U. conference to explore musics role in human cognition and behavior
6. Mental Illness Doesnt Predict Violent Behavior
7. Children with Special Needs Affecting Behavior More Likely to Use Child Restraints Correctly
8. Prescription Drugs: Good Medicine - Bad Behavior; Science Matters Program Explores the Rise in Prescription Drug Abuse Presented by the California Science Center
9. Many Alzheimers Caregivers Admit to Abusive Behavior
10. Infants draw on past to interpret present, understand other peoples behavior
11. When less attention improves behavior
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/10/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... expand the ability of Medicare Advantage organizations to deliver medical services via telehealth, ... , “ATA has been advocating for such language for many years. Although ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... ... company offering education, research and medical media, has launched Contagion® , ... infectious diseases. , As the all-inclusive resource for infectious disease information, Contagion ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Intermedix announced on Wednesday ... , an emergency medicine professional association, to support the organization's newly established physician ... Academy of Emergency Medicine, or AAEM, seeks to empower emergency physicians to control ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... Dr. Peyman Ghasri, ... now offering a variety of comprehensive procedures for facial enhancement. The treatments now ... restoration, lip enhancement and nasal reshaping. , As a result, patients can ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... , ... February 10, 2016 , ... Gout is like ... brings pain that is often severe, with intense swelling and redness. It is triggered ... million people, but older adults are the most susceptible, according to the February 2016 ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/10/2016)... --  Genomic Health, Inc. (Nasdaq: GHDX ) today reported ... December 31, 2015. --> --> ... with $69.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2014, an increase ... percent compared with the same period in the prior year. ... million in the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 9 ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... PITTSBURGH , 10 februari 2016 ... detta pressmeddelande får inte distribueras, vare sig ... inga anmälningssedlar kommer att accepteras från eller ... där Erbjudandet, distribution av detta pressmeddelande eller ... mot tillämpliga lagar eller regler eller skulle ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... 2016 Mylan N.V. (NASDAQ, TASE: MYL) today ... ended December 31, 2015. --> ... total revenues of $9.45 billion, up 28% on a ... revenues of $9.43 billion. Excluding the impact of the ... branded generics business (the "EPD Business"), full year adjusted ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: