Navigation Links
Anti-inflammatory drug can prevent neuron loss in Parkinson's model

An experimental anti-inflammatory drug can protect vulnerable neurons and reduce motor deficits in a rat model of Parkinson's disease, researchers at Emory University School of Medicine have shown.

The results were published in the Journal of Parkinson's Disease.

The findings demonstrate that the drug, called XPro1595, can reach the brain at sufficient levels and have beneficial effects when administered by subcutaneous injection, like an insulin shot. Previous studies of XPro1595 in animals tested more invasive modes of delivery, such as direct injection into the brain.

"This is an important step forward for anti-inflammatory therapies for Parkinson's disease," says Malu Tansey, PhD, associate professor of physiology at Emory University School of Medicine. "Our results provide a compelling rationale for moving toward a clinical trial in early Parkinson's disease patients."

The new research on subcutaneous administration of XPro1595 was funded by the Michael J. Fox Foundation for Parkinson's Research (MJFF). XPro1595 is licensed by FPRT Bio, and is seeking funding for a clinical trial to test its efficacy in the early stages of Parkinson's disease.

"We are proud to have supported this work and glad to see positive pre-clinical results," said Marco Baptista, PhD, MJFF associate director of research programs. "A therapy that could slow Parkinson's progression would be a game changer for the millions living with this disease, and this study is a step in that direction."

In addition, Tansey and Yoland Smith, PhD, from Yerkes National Primate Research Center, were awarded a grant this week from the Parkinson's Disease Foundation to test XPro1595 in a non-human primate model of Parkinson's.

Evidence has been piling up that inflammation is an important mechanism driving the progression of Parkinson's disease. XPro1595 targets tumor necrosis factor (TNF), a critical inflammatory signaling molecule, and is specific to the soluble form of TNF. This specificity would avoid compromising immunity to infections, a known side effect of existing anti-TNF drugs used to treat disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis.

"Inflammation is probably not the initiating event in Parkinson's disease, but it is important for the neurodegeneration that follows," Tansey says. "That's why we believe that an anti-inflammatory agent, such as one that counteracts soluble TNF, could substantially slow the progression of the disease."

Postdoctoral fellow Christopher Barnum, PhD and colleagues used a model of Parkinson's disease in rats in which the neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) is injected into only one side of the brain. This reproduces some aspects of Parkinson's disease: neurons that produce dopamine in the injected side of the brain die, leading to impaired movement on the opposite side of the body.

When XPro1595 is given to the animals 3 days after 6-OHDA injection, just 15 percent of the dopamine-producing neurons were lost five weeks later. That compares to controls in which 55 percent of the same neurons were lost. By reducing dopamine neuron loss with XPro1595, the researchers were also able to reduce motor impairment. In fact, the degree of dopamine cell loss was highly correlated both with the degree of motor impairment and immune cell activation.

When XPro1595 is given two weeks after injection, 44 percent of the vulnerable neurons are still lost, suggesting that there is a limited window of opportunity to intervene.

"Recent clinical studies indicates there is a four or five year window between diagnosis of Parkinson's disease and the time when the maximum number of vulnerable neurons are lost," Dr. Tansey says. "If this is true, and if inflammation is playing a key role during this window, then we might be able to slow or halt the progression of Parkinson's with a treatment like XPro1595."

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Related medicine news :

1. Some aggressive cancers may respond to anti-inflammatory drugs
2. African American women more resistant anti-inflammatory effect aspirin than white women
3. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agent slows rate of progression of neurodegenerative disease
4. The Natural Anti-Inflammatory Supplement "Natural Body Defense" Released Online For Purchase with Extra discount Offers
5. Natural Body Defense - All Natural Anti-Inflammatory Support Supplement Now Available in the Market With 1 Extra Bottle Offer!
6. Natural Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Oxidant Benefits Found in the Pure Daily Body Oil from Sublime Beauty®; Now Available
7. Research shows genetic anti-inflammatory defect predisposes children to lymphoma
8. Birds appear to lack important anti-inflammatory protein
9. Anti-inflammatory and anti-thrombogenic effects of atorvastatin in acute ischemic stroke
10. Revitol Rosacea Now Comes with Anti-Inflammatory Ingredients to Remove Redness and Flushing
11. Revitol Rosacea Now Comes with Anti-Inflammatory Ingredients to Remove Redness and Flushing
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... The ... to promote standards of excellence for the field of eating disorders, announces the ... – 25, 2018 in Orlando, Florida at the Omni Resort at ChampionsGate. ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many families have long-term insurance ... care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the client has a cognitive ... the family pays for care, is often waived, so the benefits from their insurance ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... , ... Talented host, actor Rob Lowe, is introducing a ... episode of "Success Files," which is an award-winning educational program broadcasted on PBS ... in-depth with passion and integrity. , Sciatica occurs when the sciatic nerve in ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... CitiDent and San ... using cutting-edge Oventus O2Vent technology. As many as 18 million Americans are ... cessation in breathing. Oral appliances can offer significant relief to about 75 percent ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Asante, a nationally recognized health system in ... existing home health joint venture through an agreement, effective October 1, 2017, to ... home health company with Asante, delivering clinically integrated care, for the past eight ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/2/2017)... -- AllianceRx Walgreens Prime, the combined central specialty pharmacy and ... manager Prime Therapeutics LLC (Prime), today officially began the ... of new signage at its headquarters in ... few other company-owned facilities across the country. This also ... whom will begin to see the AllianceRx Walgreens Prime ...
(Date:9/27/2017)... 27, 2017  Commended for their devotion to personalized service, ... as number one in the South Florida Business Journal,s 50 ... 5000 yearly list, the national specialty pharmacy has found its ... will soon be honored by SFBJ as the 2017 ... Set to receive his award in October, Bardisa said ...
(Date:9/22/2017)... , Sept. 22, 2017  As the latest Obamacare ... Bill Cassidy (R-LA) and Lindsey Graham ... that the medical device industry is in an odd ... tax, the 2.3% excise tax on medical device sales ... also want covered patients, increased visits and hospital customers ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: