Navigation Links
Anthracyclines improve survival in HER2-positive breast cancer patients
Date:12/25/2007

Treatment with the class of chemotherapy drugs called anthracyclines improves survival in women with HER2-positive breast cancer who have previously had surgery, but it may not offer any benefit for women with HER2-negative tumors, according to a study published online December 25 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.

Randomized clinical trials have demonstrated that treating early breast cancer with anthracycline-based chemotherapy improves disease-free and overall survival rates more than non-anthracycline-based regimens. However, the studies have demonstrated that anthracyclines may slightly increase the risk of heart damage and leukemia. Given these side effects, the greatest benefit of these regimens may be in women with breast tumors that overexpress HER2a gene that is often amplified in tumors that respond to anthracyclines.

Alessandra Gennari, M.D., Ph.D., of the National Cancer Research Institute in Genoa, Italy, and colleagues compiled data from eight randomized controlled trials that compared anthracyclines and non-anthracyclines, and also reported HER2 status. Almost 30 percent of the patients tumors overexpressed HER2.

Overall and among patients with HER2-positive tumors, anthracycline-based chemotherapy produced a greater reduction in the risk of relapse or death than non-anthracycline-based regimens. However, among patients with HER2-negative tumors, there was no difference in survival between the chemotherapy regimens.

The absenceof any effect of anthracyclines observed in patients with HER2-negative disease suggests that this group of patients could be spared unnecessary toxic effects related to the use of this class of agents and raises questions as to the appropriateness of control arms in randomized clinical trials in which anthracycline-based regimens are used in unselected patient populations, the authors write.

In an accompanying editorial, Soonmyung Paik, M.D., of the National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project in Pittsburgh and colleagues point out that HER2 status alone may not be enough to determine who should receive anthracyclines, given the molecular differences among different subtypes of breast cancer.

Optimization of adjuvant chemotherapy for patients diagnosed with breast cancer will depend on defining the baseline prognosis and chemosensitivity of each subclass of breast cancer beyond those crudely defined by HER2 status alone, the editorialists write.


'/>"/>

Contact: Andrea Widener
jncimedia@oxfordjournals.org
301-841-1287
Journal of the National Cancer Institute
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Vision restoration therapy shown to improve brain activity in brain injured patients
2. Broad-based group of physicians calls for improvement in stroke treatment
3. Frequent Prostate Screens Fail to Improve Aggressive Cancer Diagnoses
4. Pill box organizers increase HIV patients adherence and improve viral suppression
5. Treating depression may improve recovery of heart rate variability following coronary syndromes
6. Study Demonstrates Marteks Algal DHA Oil Improves Blood Triglyceride Lipid Levels
7. AWWA, National Association of Water and Sanitation of Mexico, Agree to Share Expertise and Resources for Improved Water Supply
8. Exercise and yoga improves quality of life in women with early-stage breast cancer
9. QI projects may -- or may not -- improve patient safety and outcomes
10. National Association for Sport and Physical Education Partners with S&S Worldwide to Help Improve Childrens Fitness
11. MedQuist Re-launches New, Improved Web Site
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... A lot has been reported about the fitness ... access to health and wellness resources most Americans could ever dream of having at ... a schedule as frenetic as the U.S. President. , In honor of President’s ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... The Central Coast Autism Spectrum Center (CCASC) invites teens ages 11-18 to its annual Winter ... teens with and without special needs to gather in a safe and supportive environment. Volunteers ... will take place on Saturday, Feb. 13 from 7 to 9:30 p.m. at Elks Lodge, ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor ... article this week that uncovers what he says are the real facts surrounding all ... the Bible from parents and Sunday school teachers, and Yisrayl says there is more ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Planet Future ... new cartoon style themes are great for showcasing pictures, videos as well as text ... titles like introductions, lower thirds, transitions and a beautiful frame overlay. Pixel Film Studios ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Dignity Health named Dr. Scott Bingham the Facility Medical Director of the ... licensed under Dignity Health Arizona General Hospital , which opened last year in ... our new freestanding emergency room delivers the highest quality care to Mesa and the ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... SAN FRANCISCO , Feb. 11, 2016  Kindred ... focused on saving and improving the lives of pets, ... Technical Section of the New Animal Drug Application (NADA) ... the pivotal field study (KB0120) of Zimeta for the ... by the Company. --> ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... N.Y. , Feb. 11, 2016  Governor Andrew ... that will create 1,400 jobs throughout Western ... a partnership with the SUNY Polytechnic Institute, includes a ... Conventus Building in Buffalo , as ... foot manufacturing facility in Dunkirk . ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 11, 2016 Potrero Medical, Inc., the developer of ... the appointment of George M. Rapier, III , MD, ... TX , WellMed is one of the nation,s largest ... HMO members in Texas and ... of his own internal medicine practice, he has been instrumental ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: