Navigation Links
Another reason to avoid high-fat diet -- it can disrupt our biological clock
Date:12/29/2008

Jerusalem, December 28, 2008 Indulgence in a high-fat diet can not only lead to overweight because of excessive calorie intake, but also can affect the balance of circadian rhythms everyone's 24-hour biological clock, Hebrew University of Jerusalem researchers have shown.

The biological clock regulates the expression and/or activity of enzymes and hormones involved in metabolism, and disturbance of the clock can lead to such phenomena as hormone imbalance, obesity, psychological and sleep disorders and cancer.

While light is the strongest factor affecting the circadian clock, Dr. Oren Froy and his colleagues of the Institute of Biochemistry, Food Science and Nutrition at the Hebrew University's Robert H. Smith Faculty of Agriculture, Food and Environment in Rehovot, have demonstrated in their experiments with laboratory mice that there is a cause-and-effect relation between diet and biological clock imbalance.

To examine this thesis, Froy and his colleagues, Ph.D. student Maayan Barnea and Zecharia Madar, the Karl Bach Professor of Agricultural Biochemistry, tested whether the clock controls the adiponectin signaling pathway in the liver and, if so, how fasting and a high-fat diet affect this control. Adiponectin is secreted from differentiated adipocytes (fat tissue) and is involved in glucose and lipid metabolism. It increases fatty acid oxidation and promotes insulin sensitivity, two highly important factors in maintaining proper metabolism.

The researchers fed mice either a low-fat or a high-fat diet, followed by a fasting day, then measured components of the adiponectin metabolic pathway at various levels of activity. In mice on the low-fat diet, the adiponectin signaling pathway components exhibited normal circadian rhythmicity. Fasting resulted in a phase advance. The high-fat diet resulted in a phase delay. Fasting raised and the high-fat diet reduced adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) levels. This protein is involved in fatty acid metabolism, which could be disrupted by the lower levels.

In an article soon to be published by the journal Endocrinology, the researchers suggest that this high-fat diet could contribute to obesity, not only through its high caloric content, but also by disrupting the phases and daily rhythm of clock genes. They contend also that high fat-induced changes in the clock and the adiponectin signaling pathway may help explain the disruption of other clock-controlled systems associated with metabolic disorders, such as blood pressure levels and the sleep/wake cycle.


'/>"/>

Contact: Jerry Barach
jerryb@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82904
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Another Study Warns of Risk From Cardiac Surgery Drug
2. Employees Have Yet Another Reason To Lose Their Office Chairs In Favor Of A Treadmill Desk: Their Brain
3. Rowenta, Iron Manufacturer, Pits Marines, Quilters, Mothers and Daughters Against One Another to Help Iron Out Breast Cancer
4. Argentyn 23(R) Homeopathic First Aid Gel - Another Worlds First by Natural-Immunogenics Corp. for Healthcare Professionals
5. Philip Morris International Forced to Drop Another Concert Sponsorship; Philippines Health Department Applauded for Taking Action
6. Philip Morris International Caught in Philippines in Another Concert Sponsorship
7. Scientists identify another piece of the weight-control puzzle
8. Another new wrinkle in treating skin aging
9. Announcing Another Great Reason to Eat Chocolate
10. U.S. Patent Office Allows Another Significant VNUS Patent
11. Drugs, Doctors and Death: Heath Ledger Becomes Another Victim
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/20/2017)... , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... help content solutions for the enterprise, is proud to announce Touchpoints ... e-commerce, ticketing systems, company websites, and more to provide a seamless customer experience. ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... ... ... As a leading dental practice, Wall Centre Dental supports Stroke Awareness Month ... bleeding gums in Vancouver, BC, may be developing gingivitis, the first stage of ... and diabetes. Drs. Parviz Roshan, Siamak Tehrani and Milton Reskovich offer laser gum therapy ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... Boston, MA (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 ... ... Innovation’s (IPI) Clinical Innovation Catalyst program focused on finding product improvements ... have tubes placed in their throats when they need help breathing or to ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... Fort Lauderdale, FL (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... Flex, a new scrub collection featuring seven new products designed to create tailored looks ... a mixture of polyester and cotton easy care stretch twill. , With trendy looks ...
(Date:6/20/2017)... CHARLESTON, S.C. (PRWEB) , ... June 20, 2017 , ... ... 2017 Daniel Jordan Fiddle Foundation Leader in Adult Autism Award during the ... Milwaukee, Wisconsin, July 12-15. , The Daniel Jordan Fiddle Foundation (DJFF) was ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/10/2017)... K. Burchfield, DPM, is recognized by Continental Who,s Who as a ... Alabama . Dr. Burchfield serves as ... over 20 years of experience, as well as expertise in the ... "The podiatry professional ... to welcome you to his practice," the company,s website states. "We ...
(Date:6/8/2017)... 2017   Responding to Heath Ledger,s father,s ... of singer Chris Cornell in May, the mental ... a free online psychiatric drug side effects ... about psychotropic drug risks. The father of ... an accidental overdose, has called for tighter rules on prescription ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... URBANDALE, Iowa , June 6, 2017  Diplomat Specialty Infusion ... a sterile compounding environment to its Iowa ... Urbandale now features an ISO 7 cleanroom—the ... a controlled environment with a low level of pollutants. ... serve more IV nutrition consumers and better serve our ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: