Navigation Links
Another McGill/JGH breakthrough opens door to early Alzheimer's diagnosis
Date:6/16/2009

A new diagnostic technique which may greatly simplify the detection of Alzheimer's disease has been discovered by researchers at McGill University and the affiliated Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research at Montreal's Jewish General Hospital (JGH). Their results were published June 8 in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. There is currently no accepted blood test for Alzheimer's, and the diagnosis is usually based on expensive and labour-intensive neurological, neuropsychological and neuroimaging evaluations.

Dr. Hyman Schipper and colleagues at the Lady Davis Institute and McGill University utilized a new minimally-invasive technique called near-infrared (NIR) biospectroscopy to identify changes in the blood plasma of Alzheimer's patients, changes which can be detected very early after onset, and possibly in pre-clinical stages of the disease.

Biospectroscopy is the medical form of spectroscopy, the science of detecting the composition of substances using light or other forms of energy. In NIR spectroscopy, different substances emit or reflect light at specific, detectable wavelengths.

In this study, Schipper and his colleague Dr. David Burns head of McGill's Biomedical Laboratory for Informatics, Imaging and Spectroscopy at the department of chemistry applied near-infrared light to blood plasma samples taken from patients with early Alzheimer's dementia, mild cognitive impairment (MCI) == an intermediate state between normal cognition and dementia -- and healthy elderly control subjects at the JGH/McGill Memory Clinic. Using this technique, the researchers were able to distinguish Alzheimer's from healthy controls with 80 per cent sensitivity (correct identification of patients with the disease) and 77 per cent specificity (correct identification of persons without the disease). A significant number of subjects with MCI tested positively with the Alzheimer group, indicating that the test may be capable of detecting Alzheimer disease even before patients' symptoms meet clinical criteria for dementia.

"We are very encouraged by these data and look forward to testing this potential diagnostic tool in larger-scale studies", said Schipper, Director of the Centre for Neurotranslational Research at the JGH and professor of neurology and medicine at McGill. Researchers have been searching for a minimally-invasive biological marker that differentiates Alzheimer's disease from normal aging and other neurodegenerative conditions for decades.

"The advent of a simple blood test for the diagnosis of early Alzheimer's", remarked Schipper, "would represent a major achievement in the management of this common disorder".


'/>"/>

Contact: Mark Shainblum
mark.shainblum@mcgill.ca
514-398-2189
McGill University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Another Reason Not to Smoke While Pregnant: Birth Defects
2. One Species Genome Found Within Another
3. Eat Seafood, See Weight Loss: Recent Study Finds Another Reason to Eat Seafood for a Fit Lifestyle
4. Message for Activists at Latino National Congreso Convention: Amnesty Will Exacerbate National Problems and Turn the U.S. into Another Mexico
5. Latest Edition of Ripon Forum Highlights Schwarzeneggers Leadership on Another Challenge Facing his State - Health Care
6. Beckman Coulter Signs Agreements With Amerinet, Inc.; Ten-Year Partnership Extended for Another Three Years
7. Portico(TM) Systems Charts Another Period of Rapid Growth
8. Another Medtronic Sprint Fidelis Lead Lawsuit is Filed in Federal District Court
9. FDA Sunscreen Labeling Decision Delayed Another Month, Leading U.S. Physician to Say, Enough Is Enough
10. Another smart cancer drug can have toxic effects on the heart
11. Teen Pregnancy Epidemic Another Reason for Women to Carry Condoms. Just in Case, Inc. Announces 10,000 Chic Condom Compact Give-Away to Womens Non-Profits Nationwide.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... ... students improve their chances of acceptance to a residency in a United States ... earned degrees outside the U.S. , According to data released by the ECFMG®, ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... West Dermatology is pleased ... Vu, PA-C. Beginning July 17, 2017, Ms. Vu will join West Dermatology’s large network ... experience in dermatology, skin cancer , and more. She graduated from the University ...
(Date:7/21/2017)... ... July 21, 2017 , ... How physicians and ... the rise, say researchers presenting their work at the American Orthopaedic Society ... combination of evaluating the patterns of change in concussion symptom presentation, diagnostic tools ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... July 20, 2017 , ... Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is ... rapidly without treatment. Newly diagnosed patients face intense chemotherapy regimens and a stem ... With such a challenging diagnosis that requires immediate action, patients and caregivers ...
(Date:7/20/2017)... ... ... For individuals with extended hospital stays or who are residents of nursing ... specially designed to accommodate patients with a wide range of ailments or special needs, ... has invented the patent-pending PORTABLE ARM REST, a specially designed armrest that features many ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:7/12/2017)... and Company (NYSE: LLY ) has entered into ... litigation in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District ... (tadalafil) unit dose patent. This patent was previously set ... agreement, Cialis exclusivity is now expected to end at the ... patent for Cialis is valid and infringed by companies seeking ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... 11, 2017  The global market for liquid biopsy ... $394.1 million in 2016.  Although in early stages, the ... in particular as a result of the gradual shift ... recent introduction of a significant number of new liquid ... of tumor biomarkers to guide treatment decisions. ...
(Date:7/11/2017)... July 11, 2017 Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... pharmaceutical company focused on the development of oral drug ... Drug Administration (FDA) has agreed to schedule an End-of-Phase ... IIb trial of its oral insulin capsule ORMD-0801 in ... trial met primary and secondary endpoints by indicating a ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: