Navigation Links
Ancient viruses that function in early human development may play role in cancer
Date:7/31/2013

Portland, OR, and Cambridge, MA July 30, 2013- The St. Laurent Institute, a non-profit medical research institute focused on the systems biology of disease, today announced in a study published in the July edition of Genome Biology, that genetic matter, previously ignored by the scientific community, may play an important role in cancer. The study, "VlincRNAs controlled by retroviral elements are a hallmark of pluripotency and cancer" found that novel non-coding parts of the human genome known as vlincRNAs (very long intergenic, non-coding RNAs) triggered by ancient viruses, participate in the biology of stem cells, and in the development of cancer. Importantly, the group of researchers from U.S., Europe and Russia found that the elimination of these vlincRNAs caused the death of cancer cells.

"Understanding this previously ignored part of the human genome, its role in human development, and how it may be taken over by disease, opens a new frontier in science with important implications for medical advances," said Philipp Kapranov, Ph.D., lead researcher at the St. Laurent Institute. "Future research into the role and function of vlincRNAs holds promise for both highly targeted diagnostic tests and more precise cancer treatments.

Up to 98 percent of human genomic matter is known as "junk" or "dark matter" non-coding DNA, and had for years attracted little interest among scientists who doubted its role in human health and disease. Recent research has begun to identify that part of that non-coding DNA is used by the cell to make RNA such as vlincRNA, highly tissue-specific RNA chains of unusually large lengths, many of which are only found in embryonic or cancerous cells. VlincRNAs found in these two types of cells tend to be expressed based upon genetic signals from ancient viruses that invaded our ancestors' genome millions of years ago and were gradually "domesticated" over evolutionary time. The number of vlincRNAs expressed by these domesticated viral sequences correlates with both embryonic development and malignant cancers.

"St. Laurent Institute has adapted true single-molecule sequencing technology to global transcriptome analysis, providing state-of-the-art technology for the measurement of the output of the human genome," said Georges St. Laurent III, Scientific Director of the St. Laurent Institute. "Based upon this technology, we now have a greater understanding of transcriptome regulation, with potential to lead to therapeutic targets and better disease diagnostics."

About the study

The observational study published in Genome Biology utilized publicly available and unpublished data sets to find 2,147 vlincRNAs that cover 10 percent of the human genome, suggesting that their production is a common, yet undiscovered, feature of human DNA. The vlincRNAs were shown to be present in cancerous cells as well as stem cells and normal human tissues. Certain types of vlincRNAs, especially those triggered by the signals from domesticated ancient viruses, are seen at specific stages of normal development.

Researchers found that some of these vlincRNAs are co-opted by cancer-associated transcriptional programs. Importantly, removal of these RNAs causes the death of cancer cells providing a clear direction for the development of therapeutics and better diagnostics for cancer patients. VlincRNAs may contribute to the regulation of gene expression in the nucleus of the cell. Future study of vlincRNAs may illuminate the biological principles that link together stem cells and cancer.

Dr. Kapranov, Genomics Team Leader at St. Laurent Institute, first discovered large scale production of non-coding RNA from human genome in 2002 as reported in Science.


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Ashe
sashe@continuumhealthcom.com
650-245-0425
Continuum Health Communications
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Zion Health's Vegan Line of Ancient Clay Organic Soaps formulated for Sensitive Skin; Now Available at Whole Foods Florida
2. Zion Health Announces Vegan-Friendly Line of Ancient Clay Organic Soaps and Healing Native Remedies; Now Available at Veggie Monster in Woodside, NY.
3. Zion Health Announces Native Remedy; Ancient Clay Organic Soaps with High-grade Bentonite Clay; Now Available at Down to Earth Health food store in Hawaii
4. Ayurvedic Massage training: Healing through Ancient Therapeutic Massage (Abhyanga)
5. Ancient Native Remedy: Healing with Clay prescribed as Powerful Medicine: Zion Health's Clay Bath Detox Minerals now Available at Weaver’s Way Co-op in Philadelphia
6. A Piece of Family Tradition Found In Every Bar of Soap - An Ancient Family Recipe from Mexico Inspires the Launch of Montes Botanicals Bath & Body
7. Ancient Pills Found in Shipwreck Offer Rare Insight Into Early Medicine
8. Online Homeopathic Retailer Kanwa Minerals Announces New Native Remedies; Ancient Clay Soaps, Native Clay Face Mask, Eco Gifts for Women
9. Spirit Detox Announces Addition of Ancient Clay Natural Soap Line to Beauty Products
10. Clues to Ancient Dentistry Found in Human Tooth
11. Ancient Genome Appears to Have Links to Modern Humans
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... its strategic partnership with Connance, a healthcare industry leader providing predictive analytics ... proprietary technology combine to provide health systems, hospitals and ambulatory surgical centers ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ProSlice Levels, a Media Slicing Effect ... a whole new perspective by using the title layers in ProSlice Levels to ... ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets to choose from. FCPX users ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... , ... June 25, 2016 , ... Austin residents seeking ... American College of Mohs Surgery and to Dr. Russell Peckham for medical and surgical ... effective treatment for skin cancer. The selective fellowship in Mohs Micrographic Surgery completed by ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... June 25, 2016 , ... ... non-athletes recover from injury. Recently, he has implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method ... —Johnson is one of the first doctors to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... June 19, 2016 is World Sickle Cell Observance ... and the benefits of holistic treatments, Serenity Recovery Center of Marne, Michigan, ... Disease. , Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) is a disorder of the red blood cells, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/23/2016)... 23, 2016 Research and Markets has ... Market Analysis 2016 - Forecast to 2022" report to ... report contains up to date financial data derived from varied ... major trends with potential impact on the market during the ... segmentation which comprises of sub markets, regional and country level ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... WAYNE, Pa. , June 23, 2016 ... provider, will launch its next generation clinical outcomes platform, Bracket ... DIA Meeting held on June 26 – 30, 2016 in ... 6.0, the first electronic Clinical Outcome Assessment product of its ... DIA Booth #715. Bracket eCOA 6.0 is a ...
(Date:6/23/2016)... June 23, 2016  Astellas today announced the establishment of Astellas Farma Colombia (AFC), a new affiliate with operations ... Latin America . ... ... ... ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: