Navigation Links
American University researcher awarded $2.4 million NIH grant

How well can two questions identify underage drinking? Jonathan Tubman, Vice Provost for Graduate Studies and Research and a developmental psychologist, was recently awarded a $2.4 million grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, (NIAAA) part of the National Institutes of Health, to investigate the validity of a two-question screener designed to promote early identification of and intervention with alcohol use problems among children and teenagers.

Tubman and his colleague Seth J. Schwartz, an associate professor at the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, are the principal investigators.

The screener at the center of Tubman's and Schwartz's study was developed as part of a guide developed by the NIAAA in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics. The guide, released in 2011 and based on extensive clinical research and analyses of underage drinking data, centers on two questions that help child health care practitioners, such as pediatricians, quickly identify children and teens at risk for developing drinking problems.

The questions differ slightly in wording and order, depending on whether they are posed to elementary (ages 9-11), middle (ages 11-14), or high school students (ages 14-18), but in each scenario, the questions address how much alcohol the student has consumed during the past year and how much alcohol the student's friends have consumed during the past year. Risk is determined by a combination of the student's age and the quantity/frequency of alcohol consumption by the student and or the student's friends.

By asking these two questions, child health care practitioners are looking for developmentally abnormal behaviors with regard to alcohol consumption.

"If a high school student says he or she has consumed one drink during the past month, while it may not be legal, it is developmentally normal," Tubman said. "But if an elementary school student says the same thing, that is not developmentally normal and is a red flag."

For their study, Tubman and Schwartz will be examining whether the screener's validity varies and if so, how much, according to factors such as a student's ethnicity, socioeconomic status, family structure, problem behaviors other than alcohol consumption (e.g., sexual risk behavior and illicit drug use), and density of alcohol outlets within walking distance of a student's home and school. Three cohorts of students400 6th graders, 400 8th graders, and 400 12th graderswill be sampled from public schools in MiamiDade County, Florida, and Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C. The schools are known for having large Latino and African-American student populations.

The students who are selected for the study will be assessed through a survey they will take on a computer tablet, rather than answer questions in a face-to-face interview. The students will be assessed twice a year in their classrooms, which is an important first as the vast majority of adolescents can be accessed at school.

"Ultimately, if we discover that the screener accurately and effectively identifies problems and leads to interventions for all students who need them regardless of these factors and others, we hope our results will prompt a recommendation that all practitioners who assess children's health use this tool with children ages 9 through 18," Tubman said.

Alcohol is the most widely abused substance among America's youth, and annually underage drinking results in about 5,000 fatalities among people under the age of 21.

According to the Office of the Surgeon General, at age 6 most children know alcohol is for adults, but between the ages of 9 and 13, they begin to view alcohol in a more positive light, making early detection and intervention for underage drinking problems a public health imperative.

Contact: Maggie Barrett
American University

Related medicine news :

1. Okyanos Heart Institute Sponsors Stem Cell Resource Center on The American Journal of Cardiology Website
2. American Emu Association Updates Quality Regulations in Response to Fraudulent Oils in Market
3. The American Association of Neuroscience Nurses (AANN) celebrates 45th Annual Educational Meeting
4. African-American breast cancer survivors face higher risk of heart failure
5. The American Cancer Society Announces the Pinecrest Relay For Life Movement Goes Green
7. American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Announces Co-Editors-in-Chief of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
8. 1 in 5 Americans Knows a Victim of Gun Violence: Poll
9. American Thoracic Society relaunches Annals of the American Thoracic Society
10. BTL Aesthetics Launches Exilis ELITE™ at American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting
11. Concord Medicals Changan Hospital opens American Fox Chase (XiAn) Cancer Center
Post Your Comments:
Related Image:
American University researcher awarded $2.4 million NIH grant
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... A simply groundbreaking television series, "Voices in ... that delves into an array of issues that are presently affecting Americans. Dedicated to ... dialogue, this show is changing the subjects consumers focus on, one episode at a ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... CA (PRWEB) , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... California Medical Associates, Inc. and Dr. Tucker Bierbaum with Emergency Medicine at ... They observed that both STEMI and Sepsis conditions present in similar ways and require ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... real-time eReferral system for diagnostic imaging in the Waterloo region. Using the Ocean ... Nuclear Medicine tests directly from their electronic medical record (EMR) without the need ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... process, participated in the 61st annual Employee Benefits Conference. The Employee Benefits Conference ... Sunday, November 8th through Wednesday, November 11th, 2015. The conference was held at ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... Indianapolis, IN (PRWEB) , ... November 25, 2015 ... ... clean water accessible for all, Water For Empowerment ™ attracts volunteers together ... on clean water by empowering women as key stakeholders in the process. The ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26 november 2015 AAIPharma Services ... geplande investering aan van ten minste $15,8 ... en het mondiale hoofdkantoor in ... resulteren in extra kantoorruimte en extra capaciteit ... groeiende behoeften van de farmaceutische en biotechnologische ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... nieuwe aanpak combineert immunotherapie met Bremachlorin-photodynamische therapie ... ) --> ... (Photo: ) ... Medisch Centrum (LUMC) blijkt ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... Research and Markets ( ) has announced the addition ... 2019 - Rise in Cardiac Disorders and Growing Awareness among ... offering. Boston scientific and ... and others. --> The market is dominated ... scientific and others. Asia ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: