Navigation Links
American University researcher awarded $2.4 million NIH grant
Date:3/13/2013

How well can two questions identify underage drinking? Jonathan Tubman, Vice Provost for Graduate Studies and Research and a developmental psychologist, was recently awarded a $2.4 million grant from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, (NIAAA) part of the National Institutes of Health, to investigate the validity of a two-question screener designed to promote early identification of and intervention with alcohol use problems among children and teenagers.

Tubman and his colleague Seth J. Schwartz, an associate professor at the University of Miami's Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, are the principal investigators.

The screener at the center of Tubman's and Schwartz's study was developed as part of a guide developed by the NIAAA in collaboration with the American Academy of Pediatrics. The guide, released in 2011 and based on extensive clinical research and analyses of underage drinking data, centers on two questions that help child health care practitioners, such as pediatricians, quickly identify children and teens at risk for developing drinking problems.

The questions differ slightly in wording and order, depending on whether they are posed to elementary (ages 9-11), middle (ages 11-14), or high school students (ages 14-18), but in each scenario, the questions address how much alcohol the student has consumed during the past year and how much alcohol the student's friends have consumed during the past year. Risk is determined by a combination of the student's age and the quantity/frequency of alcohol consumption by the student and or the student's friends.

By asking these two questions, child health care practitioners are looking for developmentally abnormal behaviors with regard to alcohol consumption.

"If a high school student says he or she has consumed one drink during the past month, while it may not be legal, it is developmentally normal," Tubman said. "But if an elementary school student says the same thing, that is not developmentally normal and is a red flag."

For their study, Tubman and Schwartz will be examining whether the screener's validity varies and if so, how much, according to factors such as a student's ethnicity, socioeconomic status, family structure, problem behaviors other than alcohol consumption (e.g., sexual risk behavior and illicit drug use), and density of alcohol outlets within walking distance of a student's home and school. Three cohorts of students400 6th graders, 400 8th graders, and 400 12th graderswill be sampled from public schools in MiamiDade County, Florida, and Maryland suburbs of Washington, D.C. The schools are known for having large Latino and African-American student populations.

The students who are selected for the study will be assessed through a survey they will take on a computer tablet, rather than answer questions in a face-to-face interview. The students will be assessed twice a year in their classrooms, which is an important first as the vast majority of adolescents can be accessed at school.

"Ultimately, if we discover that the screener accurately and effectively identifies problems and leads to interventions for all students who need them regardless of these factors and others, we hope our results will prompt a recommendation that all practitioners who assess children's health use this tool with children ages 9 through 18," Tubman said.

Alcohol is the most widely abused substance among America's youth, and annually underage drinking results in about 5,000 fatalities among people under the age of 21.

According to the Office of the Surgeon General, at age 6 most children know alcohol is for adults, but between the ages of 9 and 13, they begin to view alcohol in a more positive light, making early detection and intervention for underage drinking problems a public health imperative.


'/>"/>
Contact: Maggie Barrett
barrett@american.edu
202-885-5951
American University
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. Okyanos Heart Institute Sponsors Stem Cell Resource Center on The American Journal of Cardiology Website
2. American Emu Association Updates Quality Regulations in Response to Fraudulent Oils in Market
3. The American Association of Neuroscience Nurses (AANN) celebrates 45th Annual Educational Meeting
4. African-American breast cancer survivors face higher risk of heart failure
5. The American Cancer Society Announces the Pinecrest Relay For Life Movement Goes Green
6. ACRM
7. American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Announces Co-Editors-in-Chief of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
8. 1 in 5 Americans Knows a Victim of Gun Violence: Poll
9. American Thoracic Society relaunches Annals of the American Thoracic Society
10. BTL Aesthetics Launches Exilis ELITE™ at American Academy of Dermatology Annual Meeting
11. Concord Medicals Changan Hospital opens American Fox Chase (XiAn) Cancer Center
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
American University researcher awarded $2.4 million NIH grant
(Date:5/26/2017)... ... ... “Cactus Jack: Against All Odds”: the story of Coach Cactus Jack and ... Odds” is the creation of published author, Walter Hubbard, a retired wildlife and fisheries ... child Jane. Walter. Walter and Jane have three adult children and a granddaughter. ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... York, New York (PRWEB) , ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... general vascular surgery in New York City. He is known for his ... broad specialization in vascular surgery, Dr. Benvenisty holds sub-specialty training in treating renovascular disease ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... Dr. Manju R. Kejriwal, ... ClearCorrect orthodontics, with or without a referral. Dr. Kejriwal understands the emotional and ... convenient, clear braces in Cincinnati, OH. Patients no longer need to feel the esthetic ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... May 24, 2017 , ... ... Course II of the HP3 (High-Performance Periodontal Practice) continuing education (CE) series. As ... latest advancements in his field by attending numerous CE courses each year. His ...
(Date:5/24/2017)... ... ... are thinking of a visit to San Francisco , fall is a great time ... visit. , Business Architecture Associates is pleased to offer 5 days of training courses, available ... package for individuals, and as 4-½ day corporate package for up to 3 employees with ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/8/2017)... 2017 MACRA replaces the outdated sustainable ... service reimbursement. Black Book Research crowdsource-surveyed 8,845 physician practices ... The Market for MIPS Compliance Technology is Booming ... with 3 or more clinicians seek to buy Merit-Based ... the magnitude of the changes, the hunt is on ...
(Date:5/6/2017)... , May 5, 2017  May is Stroke ... one of the most important methods to prevent a ... the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, undetected and ... 1 Omron, the global leader in personal heart ... the elimination of heart attack and stroke and is ...
(Date:5/4/2017)... , May 4, 2017  A recent ... Control, Ultraviolet-C light as a means ... SmartUVC,s ability to reduce bioburden on anesthesia workstations. ... reduction on high-touch, complex medical equipment surfaces contaminated ... infections. "This study further validates the ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: