Of current smokers:
* 34.8 percent delivered before 34 weeks (compared to 26.8 percent of former smokers and 21.3 percent of non-smokers),
* 46.1 percent had low birthweight babies (compared to 37.5 percent of former smokers and 27.9 percent of non-smokers) and
* 65.6 percent had babies who experienced adverse outcomes (compared to 60 percent of former smokers and 50.4 percent of non-smokers).
Contact: Fiona Broughton-Pipkin, University of Nottingham, City Hospital, Nottingham, United Kingdom; 0044 1158 231892 or Fiona.firstname.lastname@example.org.
-- Gender plays a role in risk factors, treatment and control of hypertension
Two separate studies in the United States found persistent gender disparities in blood pressure control and cardiovascular disease management.
From the 1999-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Study, researchers analyzed data on 3,475 people, age 18 or older, diagnosed with hypertension. While blood pressure control in women and men was comparable (55.9 percent uncontrolled in women and 50.8 percent in men), the prevalence of central obesity, elevated total cholesterol level and low high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol were found to be significantly higher in women than in men. Those age adjusted risk factors included:
* central obesity (79 percent women vs. 63.9 percent men),
* elevated total cholesterol level (61.3 percent women vs. 48 percent men) and
* low high-density lipoprotein (LDL or "bad") cholesterol (39.7 women vs. 35.6 men.)
Contact: Bernard MY Cheung, Ph.D., University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom; +44 121 4146874 or email@example.com.
Using data from the 2005 National Ambulatory Medical C
|SOURCE American Heart Association|
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