Navigation Links
Altered Photo in Journal Article Illustrates the Need for Manipulation Guidelines
Date:6/19/2013

Lawrence, KS (PRWEB) June 19, 2013

The Journal of Parasitology – Although altering or improving photographs is common with today’s computer software, it creates questions of ethics. For scientific publications, it could represent a form of misconduct. As an already published case shows, scientific publications need clear guidelines for acceptable standards of photo manipulation.

The Journal of Parasitology features a commentary on a case of image manipulation in a 2004 article published in the Journal of the New York Entomological Society. The article’s methodology and results have also been criticized, although it does not appear that the authors intentionally misrepresented the evidence.

Delusional parasitosis, or Ekbom Syndrome, is a psychiatric disorder in which people have an unshakable—but false—belief that insects are infesting their home and body. However, the published paper, “Collembolla (Springtails) (Arthropoda: Hexapoda: Entognatha) Found in Scrapings from Individuals Diagnosed with Delusory Parasitosis,” offers evidence of actual parasites in patients with delusional parasitosis (DP). An erroneous conclusion could complicate patient treatment.

In the 2004 study by the Journal of the New York Entomological Society, skin scrapings from 20 DP patients and 20 control patients were examined. Photographs were taken only of those samples in the DP group that appeared to show the presence of tiny Collembolla insects. Among those photos, only one bears a resemblance to a Collembolla, according to experts who published a refutation of the study.

This one photo is controversial because it was altered from the original image. A portion of the photo was enlarged to show the suggested Collembollan. The image was edited with contrast tools to show more detail. Photo labeling also guides the viewer to see what the authors are trying to represent.

The refuting authors charge that the “enhanced” photo provides the basis of unethical image manipulation and data fabrication, a form of scientific misconduct. The lack of control samples offered for comparison and flawed methodology of nonblinded examination of participant and control group samples add weight to their argument. The lead author of the article admits to flawed methodology, but defends the conclusions, offering unaltered images at the website http://www.headlice.org.

The current commentary presents altered and unaltered versions of the photo in question, illustrating how the content can be changed. It reiterates the need for journals to have strict guidelines on what image manipulation is allowed, including requirements for authors to provide original images to a journal as well as complete descriptions within an article of photo alterations made to the published versions.

Full text of “Evidence of Photo Manipulation in a Delusional Parasitosis,” The Journal of Parasitology, Vol. 99, No. 3, 2013, is now available.

Read the full story at http://www.prweb.com/releases/2013/6/prweb10850656.htm.


'/>"/>
Source: PRWeb
Copyright©2012 Vocus, Inc.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Altered neural circuitry may lead to anorexia and bulimia
2. Mosquitoes With Altered Gene Cant Sniff People Out
3. Circadian clock gene rhythms in brain altered in depression, UC Irvine Health study finds
4. Scientists revolutionize the creation of genetically altered mice to model human disease
5. Scientists identify gene that is consistently altered in obese individuals
6. New research finds slower growth of preterm infants linked to altered brain development
7. Break the Sunglass Mold – Reuse 'Em, Don’t Toss 'Em then Enter the SunglassFIX Photo Contest to Win
8. DiaperBuys.com Announces Photo Contest Winners
9. The Oldest and Original Nudist Travel Agency for NResort Announced Today a Redesigned Website Featuring Information on Culinary Events, Flora and Fauna, and Photography
10. The Tourism Authority of Thailand Celebrates ‘Colourful Thai Life’ in their Photography Competition
11. Unique Wedding Gift Ideas: Custom Engraved Personalised Photo Frames
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Fixed Dose Combination Drug ... p.m. EST, http://www.fdanews.com/fixeddosecombination , Fixed dose combination products ... increased attention from all stakeholders in the development of new chemical entities. , ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... Leadership Series at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital on April 5-7. The series ... behaviors and create new habits. The workshops cover a broad range of topics, ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , ... February 12, 2016 , ... The Jones Agency, ... communities across eastern Texas, is launching a cooperative charity drive with the Tarrant Area ... Serving more than 50,000 individuals and families in need, the Tarrant County Food Bank ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Miami Dental Specialists is excited to bring patients the choice of ceramic, ... Dental Specialists will offer the non-metal implants as a safe, holistic and hygienic approach ... the dental implant manufacturer, Straumann, to bring this cutting-edge technology to Miami. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Atlantic Information Services, Inc. (AIS) is pleased ... upcoming Feb. 24 webinar that will discuss ways health plans and PBMs are ... the $1,000-per-pill hepatitis C treatment Sovaldi and high-cost PCSK9 inhibitors to treat cholesterol. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 12, 2016  SI-BONE, Inc., a medical ... ® ("iFuse"), a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) device indicated for ... National Government Services, Inc. (NGS), the Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) covering ... , Maine , Massachusetts ... , New York , Rhode Island ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Calif. , Feb. 12, 2016  Sequent Medical, ... in a study to evaluate the safety and effectiveness ... the treatment of ruptured intracranial aneurysms.  Prof Laurent ... Hospital, in Paris, France and ... patient. France and Germany.  ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Lilly and Company (NYSE: LLY ) today announced that ... regimen patent would not presently be infringed by Actavis marketing ... Italy and Spain ... solution.  --> --> ... that Lilly,s patent would be indirectly infringed by Actavis marketing ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: