Navigation Links
Almost Half of Deaths in Kids Under 5 Occur in 5 Countries

Two-thirds of cases due to infectious diseases, researchers report

TUESDAY, May 11 (HealthDay News) -- Infectious diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria and blood poisoning account for more than two-thirds of the 8.8 million annual deaths in kids under 5 years of age worldwide, a new report shows.

Other leading causes of death for children include birth complications, lack of oxygen during birth and congenital defects.

The authors of the report found that infectious diseases caused 5.97 million deaths among kids under age 5 in 2008. Pneumonia (18 percent), diarrhea (15 percent) and malaria (8 percent) accounted for the highest numbers. About 40 percent of the deaths were in infants aged no more than 27 days.

Almost half of these deaths occurred in just five countries -- China, Nigeria, India, the Democratic Republic of the Congo and Pakistan.

Africa (4.2 million) and Southeast Asia (2.39 million) accounted for the highest numbers of deaths.

Countries with high average incomes, for example, the United States, were more likely to have a higher rate of deaths caused by injuries.

There is some good news: While there are more kids under the age of 5 in the world, the number of deaths among them has fallen from 10.6 million per year from 2000-2003 to 8.8 million in 2008, the authors noted.

The report, written by Robert E. Black of the department of international health at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in Baltimore and colleagues on behalf of the Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group of the World Health Organization and UNICEF, was released online May 11 in advance of publication in an upcoming print issue of The Lancet.

The authors wrote: "We challenge countries and programs to advance the quality and consistency of data on causes of death, and, most importantly to use such data in the design of programs to achieve maximum progress in the crucial few years before [The Millennium Development Goal target of] 2015."

More information

Check out UNICEF's goals regarding child mortality for 2015.

-- Randy Dotinga

SOURCE: The Lancet, news release, May 11, 2010

Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Dental Operatory Equipment and Practice Management Software Market in the U.S. to Reach Almost $2 Billion by 2016
2. Cutting Salt Could Prevent Almost 500,000 Heart Attacks
3. Embedded Mobile & M2M Device revenues to Rise to Almost $19 Billion Globally by 2014, Says Juniper Research
4. U.S. Kids Using Media Almost 8 Hours a Day
5. Almost two-thirds of pregnant women believe they are regularly exposed to physical risk at work
6. Prevention Gets Credit for Fewer Heart Deaths
7. Food Poisoning Suspected in 3 Deaths, 40 Illnesses at Central State Hospital in Pineville, LA
8. Car Crashes Leading Cause of Teen Deaths in U.S.
9. U.S. Infant Deaths on the Decline
10. Du Toit & Associates Prepare to Prevent Silent Deaths by the Pool this Summer
11. Children's Rights Group Agrees with New Study: Infant Circumcision Causes 100 Deaths Each Year in US
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... ... eReferral system for diagnostic imaging in the Waterloo region. Using the Ocean Platform, ... Medicine tests directly from their electronic medical record (EMR) without the need for ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... PRMA Plastic Surgery is ... 2015, our surgeons performed their 6,000th free flap breast reconstruction surgery! , “What an ... every day excited to rebuild lives and it’s an honor to have served all ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... ... November 26, 2015 , ... Indosoft Inc., developer and distributor of the ... to improve system efficiency and reliability. , The new Q-Suite 6 platform is based ... system avoids locking itself into a specific piece of software for many key components ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... , ... Finnleo, a leader in the traditional and far-infrared sauna industry, announced ... saunas. , For traditional saunas, Finnleo is offering 20% off all ... Finnleo uses only European Grade A Nordic White Spruce from sustainably grown trees. Because ...
(Date:11/25/2015)... ... 26, 2015 , ... Ministers, senior government and UN agencies, ... Centres of Excellence, and public R&D institutions, civil societies and other partners gathered ... 5th African Network for Drugs and Diagnostics Innovation, ANDI, Stakeholders Meeting. The three- ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 ... Juntendo universitetssjukhus ser potential att använda SyMRI ... (MR-bilder) för patienter med multipel skleros ... forskningsavtal med SyntheticMR AB för att kunna ... på sjukhuset. Med SyMRI kan man generera ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 ... has announced the addition of the  ... in the European Therapeutic Drug Monitoring ... Forecasts, Competitive Intelligence, Emerging Opportunities"  report ... ) has announced the addition ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... November 26, 2015 ... "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" report ... has announced the addition of the "Self ... their offering. --> Research and Markets ... the "Self Administration of High Viscosity Drugs" ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: