Navigation Links
Almost 1 in 5 young children with cancer suffers from a trauma disorder
Date:9/6/2012

People who suffer from posttraumatic stress disorder relive their traumatic experiences in the form of flashbacks and nightmares and in childhood, also in traumatic plays during which they re-enact the experience over and over again. They avoid stimuli that remind them of the trauma or suffer from vegetative hyperarousal such as insomnia, hypervigilance or concentration problems. For the first time, researchers from the University of Zurich and the University Children's Hospital Zurich now show that infants and toddlers can also develop posttraumatic stress disorder in the wake of a cancer diagnosis and the subsequent, often very stressful treatment with chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery.

Toddlers more at risk than babies

Within the scope of the study, under the supervision of Professor Markus Landolt and with the support of pediatric oncologist Eva Bergstrsser, doctoral student Anna Graf interviewed a total of 48 mothers whose children had been diagnosed with cancer. Nine (18.8 percent) of the babies and young children examined exhibited the complete clinical picture of preschool posttraumatic stress disorder. In another 20 children (41.7 percent), they detected at least some symptoms of a stress disorder, the most common being flashbacks and anxiety. Children over 18 months were considerably more at risk of developing a disorder than younger children. Likewise, posttraumatic stress disorder in the mother increased the probability of a disorder in the child. Interestingly, there was no correlation between the development of posttraumatic stress disorder and the disease characteristics studied.

Child-friendly treatment

"The results of our study show that cancer and its treatment can also have a traumatic impact in babyhood and infancy," explains Professor Landolt. The children affected can develop more prolonged disorders that impair their development. In order to avoid this, various implications for treating young children with cancer emerge: "More care should be taken to ensure that potentially stressful procedures, such as bone marrow aspiration, are carried out as child-friendly and painlessly as possible," recommends Professor Landolt. Moreover, any measures that improve the child's sense of security in hospital and during the medical treatment and thus reduce their anxiety should be encouraged. There is therefore an urgent need for personnel that have been trained specifically for childhood ages and an infrastructure that is suitable for children. Last but not least, the parents should also be given as much psychological support as possible since they are the child's most important reference people and resources during illness.

48 children aged between eight and 48 months

Studying posttraumatic stress disorder in very young children poses a major challenge as the symptoms manifest themselves differently at this age compared to adults or older children. Under the supervision of Professor Markus Landolt and with the support of pediatric oncologist Eva Bergstrsser, doctoral student Anna Graf interviewed a total of 48 mothers whose children had been diagnosed with cancer. At the time of the study, the children were between eight and 48 months old. On average, 15 months had elapsed since the diagnosis.

The most common medical diagnoses were solid tumors, leukemia, lymphomas and brain tumors. 85 percent of the children had received chemotherapy, 56 percent had been operated on, just under 17 percent had been treated with radiotherapy and 12.5 percent had received a bone marrow transplantation. 21 children (about 44 percent) were still undergoing medical treatment at the time of the study.


'/>"/>
Contact: Prof. Markus Landolt
markus.landolt@kispi.uzh.ch
41-786-642-930
University of Zurich
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Egg Yolks Almost as Bad for Arteries as Smoking: Study
2. Almost Half of U.S. Kids With Autism Have Been Bullied
3. Young girls more likely to report side effects after HPV vaccine
4. Young Americans Need to Cut Calorie Intake: Study
5. Unique approach needed to accurately assess health of young adult cancer survivors
6. Symptomatic behaviour in childhood strongly predicts psychiatric treatment as a young adult
7. Even Young Teens Show Signs of Sun Damage
8. Young Risk-Takers Drawn to Dangerous Choking Game
9. Football helmet sensors help researchers demystify concussion in young athletes
10. Half of Young Cigarette Smokers Also Smoke Pot: Survey
11. For Some, Glaucoma Strikes at a Young Age
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Trends: , Back to the Future , Feb. 25, 2016 — 11:00 a.m. – 12:30 ... don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” , An analysis of CDRH’s enforcement ... that takes time. , Take a close look at the warning letters the agency ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... T.E.N., a technology and information ... ISE Southeast Awards 2016. Finalists and winners of the ISE® Awards for both ... and Awards Gala on March 15, 2016 at the Westin Peachtree Plaza, Atlanta. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... AssureVest Insurance Group, a locally owned insurance firm with offices serving Washington NC ... to purchase computers and software for Mrs. Harrison’s 2nd and 3rd grade special needs ... area and has more than 60 2nd and 3rd graders with learning disabilities. A ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Ramon, CA (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... donation in northern California and Nevada, announced a partnership with San Ramon Regional Medical ... transferred to the hospital’s facilities as a way to accommodate a more certain time ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... Grants Pass, OR (PRWEB) , ... February 12, ... ... website contains an article about foods choices that promote eye health. These articles ... optimal vision health. Water and health advocate Sharon Kleyne endorses every one of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016 PRO-DEX, INC. (NasdaqCM: PDEX) today announced financial ... 2015. The Company also filed its Quarterly Report on Form ... the Securities and Exchange Commission today. --> ... --> --> Net sales for ... or 95%, to $5.4 million from $2.8 million for the ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...   Health 2.0 , the premiere showcase and ... today " 10 Year Global Retrospective ", a platform ... past ten years.   --> ... has served as the preeminent thought-leader in the health ... technologies, companies, innovators, and patient-activists through an array of ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  AfterPill.com is reporting that this week,s Centers for ... women who are at risk of unintended pregnancy impacts ... raises the risks of unprotected sex in particular.  ... to the Guttmacher Institute, there are 43 million women ... who have sex without the intention of becoming pregnant.  ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: