Navigation Links
Air pollution, gone with the wind
Date:11/1/2012

Montreal, November 1, 2012 As urban populations expand, downtown buildings are going nowhere but up. The huge energy needs of these skyscrapers mean that these towers are not only office buildings, they're polluters with smokestacks billowing out toxins from the rooftop. Our cities are dirtier than we think. New research from Concordia University just might clean them up.

By examining the trajectory and amount of air pollution from a building to its neighbours downwind, Concordia researchers Ted Stathopoulos and Bodhisatta Hajra have come up with environmentally friendly building guidelines for our modern cities. This provides a much-needed update to the industry standards developed decades ago by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers the international technical society that sets the rules for building ventilation.

Stathopoulos a professor in Concordia's Department of Building, Civil and Environmental Engineering partnered with emerging researcher and recent Concordia graduate Hajra to pen the study, recently featured in the peer-reviewed journal, Building and Environment. To perform the research, they hunkered down in Concordia's cutting-edge wind tunnel laboratory, a huge underground research facility which allows engineers to test the atmospheric dispersion of pollution and toxins in any given setting.

"We created model configurations consisting of buildings of various sizes and shapes," says Stathopoulos, an inveterate researcher who was awarded the prestigious Davenport Medal by the International Association for Wind Engineering in September 2012.

Hajra, who received his doctorate during Concordia's fall convocation on October 30, goes on to explain: "we then placed our models downwind of a building that was emitting toxins to trace the path from polluter to polluted. That allowed us to see how much pollution was being absorbed by buildings downwind and where on those buildings that pollution was most concentrated."

Their findings show that the process by which air pollution spreads from one building's exhaust stack to another's intake is affected by the height and spacing between buildings, something that can be optimized by architects and engineers as new towers are constructed.

What does this mean for the future of downtown buildings? "We came up with three main guidelines for the placement of stack and intake in order to minimize the amount of air pollution that makes its way into downwind buildings," says Stathopoulos.

First, intake vents on buildings downwind of a polluter need to be placed upwind of that building's stack, and closer to its more sheltered wall. Second, air intakes should not be placed on rooftop locations downwind of a low stack and the protected wall of the emitting building. Lastly, increased spacing between buildings can reduce the possibility that pollutants from one will be re-ingested by another.

"While our research may not reduce the amount of outdoor pollution in our cities," explains Stathopoulos, "it can certainly help ensure that this same dirty air is not re-circulated indoors."


'/>"/>

Contact: Clea Desjardins
clea.desjardins@concordia.ca
514-848-2424 x5068
Concordia University
Source:Eurekalert  

Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Air pollution, gone with the wind
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Mystic Buddha Publishing House ... Blue SKies Buddha, the biography of Rama - Dr. Frederick Lenz. , ... the love of a Buddhist teacher for teaching and helping others. Valentine’s Day ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... CDRH Enforcement Trends: , Back to the Future , Feb. 25, 2016 ... Winston Churchill said, “Those who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it.” , ... come knocking this year. But that takes time. , Take a close look at ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Coco Libre, the maker ... Red Carpet Events LA GRAMMY’s Style Lounge Event. Coco Libre will offer musicians and ... hydrated before the big event. The invitation-only gifting suite, held this year at the ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... Every winter, someone is killed, ... the West Penn Burn Center, part of the Allegheny Health Network, has ... bring you the “Space Heaters Need Space” campaign. , “Space Heaters Need ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... Vail knee ... Industry Physician Leaders to Know in 2016 . The list consists of physicians establishing, ... physicians to establish this list. , An Ambulatory Surgery Center, also known as ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/12/2016)... , February 12, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... nicht anders vermerkt)   http://www.sedar.com ... http://www.telestatherapeutics.com abrufbar.    --> ... des Unternehmens http://www.telestatherapeutics.com abrufbar.    ... (TSX:TST; PNK:BNHLF) veröffentlichte heute seinen Konzernabschluss des ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  SI-BONE, Inc., a medical device company ... ("iFuse"), a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) device indicated for fusion for ... Services, Inc. (NGS), the Medicare Administrative Contractor (MAC) covering the states ... Maine , Massachusetts , ... New York , Rhode Island , ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... , Feb. 12, 2016  Memorial Hermann Health System ... Dwight Howard to bring a one-of-a-kind experience to ... Using cutting-edge technologies such as 360-degree video and Google ... virtually, then literally – giving the patients and their ... it was all caught on video . ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: