Navigation Links
Aim Skin Cancer Warnings at the Young, Too, Experts Say
Date:5/7/2012

By Steven Reinberg
HealthDay Reporter

MONDAY, May 7 (HealthDay News) -- Doctors should take the time to counsel children, teens and young adults on the dangers of sun exposure and tanning beds, according to new recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force.

But rather than focus on skin cancer, discussions with young patients should center on how ultraviolet-ray exposure can damage the way their skin looks, the task force advised.

"We are not saying to young people to avoid sun exposure and indoor tanning to prevent skin cancer, because that message doesn't work," said Dr. Virginia Moyer, USPSTF chair and a professor of pediatrics at Baylor College of Medicine in Houston.

"That is the goal, but the message that works is to use appearance-based counseling," she said.

Because most research so far is based on people with fair skin -- who are at the greatest risk of skin cancer -- these new recommendations apply only to them, the authors noted.

Instead of telling these patients about the risk of skin cancer, they should be told that sun exposure leads to ugly skin: "What you end up having is wrinkled, leathery skin," Moyer said.

"If the audience you are trying to reach is young people whose concern about having skin cancer is not very high, then the more effective way to get the message across is to talk about the more immediate effects -- skin damage," she said.

For example, doctors can show patients photos taken of skin with a UV camera to demonstrate the damage UV rays can cause.

The recommendations appeared online May 8 in advance of publication in the July 3 print issue in the Annals of Internal Medicine.

Specifically, doctors should counsel children, teens and young adults aged 10 to 24 who have fair skin and no history of skin cancer about skin cancer prevention. Having light skin, hair and eyes increases the risk for skin cancer, as does overexposure to ultraviolet rays at an early age, the recommendations state.

Skin cancer affects more than 2 million Americans each year, according to background information from the USPSTF.

This recommendation is a change from the group's previous statement, which said that evidence was insufficient to be able to make a recommendation at that time, Moyer said.

"We now have data that is pretty good that counseling adolescents and young adults who are fair-skinned to avoid sun exposure, using counseling that is appearance-based, works," she said.

Moyer noted that early skin damage is a precursor to skin cancer later in life. "But by the time people are concerned about the risk of skin cancer it's too late. The damage has been done," she explained.

Appearance-based counseling by doctors can change behavior, Moyer said. "It should be part of well-person exams for fair-skinned people," she added.

Right now there is not enough evidence to recommend counseling adults about the dangers of UV exposure, the report noted.

Dr. Jeffrey Salomon, an assistant clinical professor of plastic surgery at Yale University School of Medicine, said he isn't convinced that counseling children is enough to get them into the habit of protecting themselves from UV exposure.

"It is always a challenge to change people's behaviors," he said. Counseling and media campaigns aren't enough. These changes must be taught early, Salomon added.

In Australia, schools have an integrated program about sun protection, a large media campaign and widespread availability of sun-protection clothing and other products, he pointed out. Yet, studies show that even in Australia, the country with the highest incidence of dangerous skin cancers, media announcements only have short-term benefits in getting people to comply, he noted.

"I think that there is a clear parental responsibility to protect one's child from the largest-known cancer risk: the sun," Salomon said.

He noted that parents make their children wear bike helmets and buckle seat belts and they don't leave their children unattended.

"If children are slathered with sun-protection creams and not brought out in the midday sun, it will ultimately seem to be the normal and prudent thing to do," Salomon said.

More information

To learn more about skin cancer, visit the Skin Cancer Foundation.

SOURCES: Virginia A. Moyer, M.D., M.P.H., professor of pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, and chair, U.S. Preventive Services Task Force; Jeffrey C. Salomon, M.D. assistant clinical professor of plastic surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Conn.; May 8, 2012, Annals of Internal Medicine, online


'/>"/>
Copyright©2010 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Screening for breast cancer without X-rays: Lasers and sound merge in promising diagnostic technique
2. PSA screening to detect prostate cancer can be beneficial to younger and at-risk men
3. Genetic abnormalities in benign or malignant tissues predict relapse of prostate cancer
4. Mammograms Beat Thermography for Breast Cancer Detection: Study
5. Mens Breast Cancer Often More Deadly, Study Suggests
6. Low oxygen levels could drive cancer growth
7. Geisel researchers sift through junk to find colorectal cancer clues
8. Blacks and Hispanics at higher risk for precancerous colorectal polyps
9. Many Breast Cancer Patients in Their 40s Arent High-Risk: Study
10. Study says screening accounts for much of black/white disparity in colorectal cancer
11. Presence of fetal cells in women lowers risk of breast cancer but raises risk of colon cancer
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Aim Skin Cancer Warnings at the Young, Too, Experts Say
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... , ... Harbour , a DAO (decentralized autonomous organization) that harnesses the ... their technical specifications . , 2017 has seen an explosion of token launches ... which offerings will garner the greatest ROI. Dean Eigenmann, Co-founder and CEO of Harbour, ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... , ... June 27, 2017 , ... A January 18th ... projected to reach a staggering $6.81 billion by the year 2024 according to a ... a faster rate than those made from titanium. Los Angeles area clinic Beverly Hills ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... ... June 27, 2017 , ... Drs. Gregory Toback and ... in Mystic, CT. Covering the process and maintenance strategies of gum grafting and ... periodontal procedures. Drs. Toback and Urbanski practice as experienced periodontists in ...
(Date:6/27/2017)... Los Angeles, CA (PRWEB) , ... June 27, 2017 , ... ... on what crooked bites can indicate about early life experiences. What happens to a ... study reveals that stresses after birth can also take a toll on a baby’s ...
(Date:6/26/2017)... ... June 26, 2017 , ... The Centers for Advanced Orthopaedics ... of Richard Robinson as chief operating officer (COO). In this role, Robinson brings ... track record of simplifying business processes and developing growth strategies to increase market ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/9/2017)... , June 9, 2017 AirXpanders, Inc. (ASX: ... on the design, manufacture, sale and distribution of the ... the progress of its commercial roll-out in ... in more than one hundred (100) medical institutions and ... AeroForm offers a needle-free alternative for women who choose ...
(Date:6/7/2017)... , June 7, 2017 Endo International ... June 7, 2017, the Hon. Joseph R. Goodwin ... of West Virginia , entered a ... Inc. Pelvic Repair System Products Liability Litigation (the "MDL") ... MDL cases to provide expert disclosures on specific causation ...
(Date:6/3/2017)... 3, 2017  Eli Lilly and Company (NYSE: ... from the Phase 3 MONARCH 2 study showed ... inhibitor, in combination with fulvestrant, significantly improved progression-free ... in women with hormone-receptor-positive (HR+), human epidermal growth ... have relapsed or progressed after endocrine therapy (median ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: