Navigation Links
After years of improving, rates of youth suicide-related behaviors stopped declining
Date:3/7/2014

TORONTO, March 7, 2014 -- A new study from St. Michael's Hospital found that, after four years of declining, the rates of teenagers coming into Ontario emergency departments with suicide-related behaviours stopped dropping between 2006 and 2010.

Suicide-related behaviours are incidents of self-inflicted injuries or self-poisonings.

Using data from the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, the researchers found that from 2002 to 2006, the rates of teenagers coming into Ontario emergency departments with suicide-related behaviours declined by 30 per cent. However, from 2006 until the end of the study in 2010, rates did not continue to drop and about one-third more of these events resulted in a hospital admission, suggesting an increase in severity.

"Coming into hospital with a self-inflicted injuries or poisoning is a strong risk factor for suicide," said Dr. Anne Rhodes, lead author and research scientist in St. Michael's Hospital's Suicide Studies Research Unit. "Within a year of coming into a hospital with suicide-related behaviour, 16 per cent will repeat their behaviour and about two per cent will die by suicide."

Previous research from Dr. Rhodes has shown that more than 80 per cent of youth who die by suicide had some form of contact with the health care system in the year before their death. Compared to population-based peers, youth who have gone to an emergency department to hospital with suicide-related behaviours had three to four times higher risk of death.

The study, published today in The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, outlines potential factors contributing to the declines between 2002 and 2006 including the increased efforts made by some groups to reduce stigma about mental illness and seeking help; or reductions in alcohol consumption and misuse among youth.

While unable to specifically account for the change in rates after 2006, researchers suggest that the economic recession and FDA regulatory warnings against prescribing antidepressants may have halted further declines in the rates of suicide-related behavior and led to the increase of hospital admissions. The findings show that rate changes were not explained by shifts in the population age, community size or income structures.

In Ontario, the FDA warning and recession coincided with the introduction of Local Health Integration Networks in 2006. Previous research from around the world suggests that during times of economic and regulatory pressures suicide-related behavior rates often increase. It's possible that the LHINs helped to level emergency department suicide-related behaviour rates during this period when rates could have been increasing.

Dr. Rhodes and her team also reported on gender differences between suicide and suicide-related behaviours and confirmed that girls are more likely to exhibit suicide-related behaviours, particularly in youth, whereas it is known that boys are more likely to die by suicide.

"Because girls are more likely to come to emergency departments with suicide-related behaviours than boys, they may actually reduce their suicide risk by interacting with the system more frequently," said Dr. Rhodes.

Self-poisoning was the most common method of suicide-related behaviours for boys (62.2 per cent) and girls (74.1 per cent) and cut-pierce injuries were the next most common for both groups.

In Canada, suicide is the second-leading cause of death in youth - nearly one quarter of all deaths for those aged 15-19 years.


'/>"/>

Contact: Geoff Koehler
koehlerg@smh.ca
416-864-5034
St. Michael's Hospital
Source:Eurekalert  

Related medicine news :

1. New program for students with autism offers hope after high school
2. Brainstem discovered as important relay site after stroke
3. Blood pressure medications given right after stroke not beneficial, study finds
4. More women receiving breast reconstruction after mastectomy, study finds
5. Medicare beneficiaries return to emergency rooms after nursing home discharge
6. One-quarter of high risk patients denied anticoagulation after AF ablation
7. Scripps researchers recommend mobile compression device to prevent DVT after joint surgery
8. Rebuilding the brain after stroke
9. Fewer than half of women attend recommended doctors visits after childbirth
10. Voice may change after rhinoplasty, reports plastic and reconstructive surgery
11. Early rehabilitation important for recovery after severe traumatic brain injury
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
After years of improving, rates of youth suicide-related behaviors stopped declining
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... 12, 2016 , ... For Coast Dental dentist Everet Lake, DDS, the smiles ... Terrell Moore shortly before 7 a.m. to volunteer at Friday’s Dentistry from the Heart ... and skills to help hundreds of uninsured and underinsured people receive much-needed dental care. ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... New York, NY (PRWEB) , ... February 12, ... ... latest edition of “Revolutionizing Cancer Care.” , The print component of ... in Chicago, Dallas, Pittsburgh/Cleveland, New York, Washington DC/Baltimore, and Seattle, with a circulation ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... DC (PRWEB) , ... February 12, 2016 , ... ... “Managing High-Cost Drug Categories: Strategies for Health Plans and PBMs,” an upcoming Feb. ... to maintain affordability and access in big-dollar therapeutic categories, such as the $1,000-per-pill ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... February 12, 2016 , ... US Sport Camps is ... Legacy Golf Club, located in Norwalk, serves as the host site and directing the ... Randall. , “We have had successful camps in recent years around Des Moines and ...
(Date:2/12/2016)... ... ... Healthcare careers in the medical laboratory, nursing, and in the imaging field topped ... leader Aureus Medical Group during the month of January. Aureus Medical specializes in placing ... in travel and direct hire opportunities in other allied health fields. , The jobs ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... Conn. , Feb. 11, 2016  AfterPill.com is ... to recommend alcohol abstinence for all women who are ... in the U.S. each year and raises the risks ... --> --> According to the Guttmacher ... 70% of women of child-bearing age, who have sex ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016 Wearable posture tracker, ALEX , has taken Kickstarter by storm, crowdfunding over $60,000 ... left to go, ALEX is said to be delivered to backers starting May of this year. ... ... ... Created by NAMU, a team of ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... 2016  Proliant Biologicals is proud to announce the ... manufacturing facility.  The facility is located on the North ... Feilding. Boone , Iowa.  The ... the systems in the U.S. facility, with critical processing ... installations.  --> Boone , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: