Navigation Links
African-American women develop functional challenges earlier than others
Date:9/26/2011

African-American women develop functional health challenges earlier than their fellow seniors, researchers say

While examining self-reported data about the lives of 8,700 older people, a Case Western Reserve University sociologist identified an accelerated rate of reported physical limitations by African American women in their mid-50s and 60s.

The finding surfaced as researchers looked generally at how the intersection of gender and race/ethnicity affect health disparities among older African-Americans, Mexican-Americans and Whites.

David Warner, assistant professor of sociology at Case Western Reserve University, found that, in general, men of all racial/ethnic groups fared better than the women. And, those with education, economic means and higher net worth reported fewer physical health issues.

"But we could not find the reason why African-American women developed limitations faster than other gender and racial/ethnic groups," he said.

Warner and his co-investigator Tyson H. Brown from Vanderbilt University set out to approach health disparities in a new way by looking at gender and race/ethnicity concurrently in order to better understand health disparities.

Overall, the researchers found that gender and race/ethnicity jointly and simultaneously define access to resources that promote health and exposure to risks that undermine the health of individuals over time.

The researchers did find that life disadvantages, such as lower incomes and lack of access to health care surfacing in midlife tend to follow individuals throughout their lives and that women are particularly at risk for such disadvantages.

Social Science & Medicine reported their research findings in the article, "Understanding how race/ethnicity and gender define age-trajectories of disability: An intersectionality approach."

The investigators of the National Institutes of Health-funded study reached their conclusions from a comparative analysis of 8,701 people between the ages of 53 and 75, who answered questions over seven biennial waves (1994-2006) in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study.

Disabilities were measured from answers to self-reported survey questions that assessed mobility, strength and upper and lower body functional limitations. They also examined information about early life experiences, adult social economic status, marriage and health-related behaviors to determine what influence these might have on disabilities.

Statistical analyses of survey responses showed emerging patterns in the functional health of these seniors.

Early life events, adult socioeconomic status, marital status and health behaviors explained disparities in the limitations men experienced, but didn't do so as clearly for women.

Aging White men overall started out with less than one disabling limitation on average, but every year slightly increased until age 75 when they had slightly more than two.

Mexican-American women, who fared the worst, reached 75 with twice as many physical limitations on average as White mennearly five.

Mexican-American men, African-American men, White men and White women did not vary significantly in the rate at which they developed disabilities as they aged. However, African-American women gained more disabilities early on. After their mid-60s, the rate of disabilities began to decrease. By age 75, it appeared the pace of acquiring disabilities had stabilized.

Warner said new information about physical health changes with age emerged when race/ethnicity and gender were jointly examined.

According to the researchers, this study's findings demonstrate the need for health-preventions efforts aimed at eliminating functional health disparities overall, but also point to the need for further research and interventions that address the unique health experiences of African American women with age.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. African-Americans attitudes about lung cancer may hinder prevention
2. Step Up to Speak Up Events Use Spoken Word and African-American Greek Tradition of Stepping to Raise Awareness for Organ and Tissue Donation
3. New Report Says African-Americans and Hispanics More Likely to Have Alzheimers Disease And Dementia Than Whites
4. New Report says African-Americans Two Times More Likely to Have Alzheimers Disease and Dementia Than Whites
5. African-American infants at increased risk from tobacco smoke exposure
6. Definitive diabetes indicator deceptively high in African-American children
7. African-Americans and women are less likely to undergo bone marrow transplantation
8. Investigators identify gene associated with kidney disease in African-American population
9. Lack of trust in hospitals a major deterrent for blood donation among African-Americans
10. No link between genetic ancestry, asthma response in African-Americans
11. African-American seniors at twice the risk for mental abuse, 5 times for financial exploitation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... In just two days, Aqua ... micro-veggies garden on Kickstarter . Surpassing the $100,000 milestone so quickly,10-times the ... consumers (and counting) already backing the campaign. , “We are very grateful ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Assili, announce that they are now offering treatments for sleep apnea and TMJ ... dental offices. Sleep apnea , specifically the obstructive type, is increasingly being ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... County, NY (PRWEB) , ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Somers and White Plains, N.Y., is pleased to announce Westchester resident Lauren C. Enea ... a law clerk for the firm, will concentrate her practice in elder law, Medicaid ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... Gastro Health (“GH”) ... prep patients for colonoscopy at the HyGIeaCare® Center that is to be located ... , The HyGIeaCare® Prep, cleared by the U.S. Food and Drug ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... ... March 24, 2017 , ... ... Medical Reiki™ Master in Frederick, MD. Judy says, “I am passionate about sharing ... is often a very difficult and challenging time.” , A Certified Medical Reiki™ ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/24/2017)... Research and Markets has announced the addition of ... their offering. ... analyzes the worldwide markets for Dental Implants in US$ Million. The report ... Japan , Europe , ... World. Annual estimates and forecasts are provided for the ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... YORK , March 24, 2017 FinancialBuzz.com News ... Medical cannabis products ... View Research, Inc., projects that the global medical cannabis market will reach ... is a major market for the new growing industry. By ... place to legally buy and sell medical cannabis. More conservative states like ...
(Date:3/24/2017)... , March 24, 2017 Global ... industry including definitions, classifications, applications and industry chain structure. ... market including development history, competitive landscape analysis, and major ... ... spread across 105 pages providing 10 company profiles and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: