Navigation Links
African-American women develop functional challenges earlier than others
Date:9/26/2011

African-American women develop functional health challenges earlier than their fellow seniors, researchers say

While examining self-reported data about the lives of 8,700 older people, a Case Western Reserve University sociologist identified an accelerated rate of reported physical limitations by African American women in their mid-50s and 60s.

The finding surfaced as researchers looked generally at how the intersection of gender and race/ethnicity affect health disparities among older African-Americans, Mexican-Americans and Whites.

David Warner, assistant professor of sociology at Case Western Reserve University, found that, in general, men of all racial/ethnic groups fared better than the women. And, those with education, economic means and higher net worth reported fewer physical health issues.

"But we could not find the reason why African-American women developed limitations faster than other gender and racial/ethnic groups," he said.

Warner and his co-investigator Tyson H. Brown from Vanderbilt University set out to approach health disparities in a new way by looking at gender and race/ethnicity concurrently in order to better understand health disparities.

Overall, the researchers found that gender and race/ethnicity jointly and simultaneously define access to resources that promote health and exposure to risks that undermine the health of individuals over time.

The researchers did find that life disadvantages, such as lower incomes and lack of access to health care surfacing in midlife tend to follow individuals throughout their lives and that women are particularly at risk for such disadvantages.

Social Science & Medicine reported their research findings in the article, "Understanding how race/ethnicity and gender define age-trajectories of disability: An intersectionality approach."

The investigators of the National Institutes of Health-funded study reached their conclusions from a comparative analysis of 8,701 people between the ages of 53 and 75, who answered questions over seven biennial waves (1994-2006) in the U.S. Health and Retirement Study.

Disabilities were measured from answers to self-reported survey questions that assessed mobility, strength and upper and lower body functional limitations. They also examined information about early life experiences, adult social economic status, marriage and health-related behaviors to determine what influence these might have on disabilities.

Statistical analyses of survey responses showed emerging patterns in the functional health of these seniors.

Early life events, adult socioeconomic status, marital status and health behaviors explained disparities in the limitations men experienced, but didn't do so as clearly for women.

Aging White men overall started out with less than one disabling limitation on average, but every year slightly increased until age 75 when they had slightly more than two.

Mexican-American women, who fared the worst, reached 75 with twice as many physical limitations on average as White mennearly five.

Mexican-American men, African-American men, White men and White women did not vary significantly in the rate at which they developed disabilities as they aged. However, African-American women gained more disabilities early on. After their mid-60s, the rate of disabilities began to decrease. By age 75, it appeared the pace of acquiring disabilities had stabilized.

Warner said new information about physical health changes with age emerged when race/ethnicity and gender were jointly examined.

According to the researchers, this study's findings demonstrate the need for health-preventions efforts aimed at eliminating functional health disparities overall, but also point to the need for further research and interventions that address the unique health experiences of African American women with age.


'/>"/>

Contact: Susan Griffith
susan.griffith@case.edu
216-368-1004
Case Western Reserve University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. African-Americans attitudes about lung cancer may hinder prevention
2. Step Up to Speak Up Events Use Spoken Word and African-American Greek Tradition of Stepping to Raise Awareness for Organ and Tissue Donation
3. New Report Says African-Americans and Hispanics More Likely to Have Alzheimers Disease And Dementia Than Whites
4. New Report says African-Americans Two Times More Likely to Have Alzheimers Disease and Dementia Than Whites
5. African-American infants at increased risk from tobacco smoke exposure
6. Definitive diabetes indicator deceptively high in African-American children
7. African-Americans and women are less likely to undergo bone marrow transplantation
8. Investigators identify gene associated with kidney disease in African-American population
9. Lack of trust in hospitals a major deterrent for blood donation among African-Americans
10. No link between genetic ancestry, asthma response in African-Americans
11. African-American seniors at twice the risk for mental abuse, 5 times for financial exploitation
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... A Northwestern Pennsylvania addiction treatment ... Alpine Springs Rehabilitation & Recovery Center’s new website can be found at ... its redesigned and retooled website. The treatment center has also revamped its social ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... ... high-level training standards for healthcare treatment providers who treat the full spectrum of ... Council. , The Presidents Council consists of the leading eating disorder treatments ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... 23, 2017 , ... Zachary Cattell, President of the Indiana ... industry expert at the 2017 Sector Summit hosted by Ivy Tech Community College ... Gerry Dick, will feature an employer and an association representative from five of ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... Old School Labs™, makers of the wildly popular ... bodybuilder Breon Ansley to its growing team of brand ambassadors. The Olympia top finisher ... in less than a year was able to turn professional, participating in the 2013 ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... ... January 23, 2017 , ... ... programs and resources at seafoodnutrition.org/programs and seafoodnutrition.org/resources to assist in teaching communities ... These resources have been developed for use by nutrition educators and influencers ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/23/2017)... Longer life expectancy and rising healthcare expenditure in developing countries are ... BCC Research reveals in its new report that markets in ... see strong growth due to rising government healthcare spending, increased levels of ... Continue Reading ... ...
(Date:1/23/2017)... Spain , January 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... biopharmaceutical company focused on treatments for calcification disorders, ... enrolled in the Phase IIb "CaLIPSO Study" clinical ... of cardiovascular calcification (CVC) in end-stage-renal-disease (ESRD) patients ... in the last stage of chronic kidney disease, ...
(Date:1/22/2017)... , Saudi Arabia , January 22, 2017 ... US and UAE discuss ... at the World Economic Forum   "The management and ... big data and powered by artificial intelligence and this trend is going to ... ,Hospital of the Future, at the concluding day of the 47 th ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: