Navigation Links
Adverse housing conditions contribute to diabetes risk

INDIANAPOLIS Fair or poor housing conditions are associated with the risk of developing diabetes in urban, middle-aged African-Americans according to a study published in the Aug. 15 issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology by a team of investigators from Indiana University School of Medicine, the Regenstrief Institute, Washington University in St. Louis and other institutions.

The researchers studied men and women in their homes (apartment or house) and environs in two St. Louis neighborhoods one a poor, inner-city area and the other a less impoverished, suburban area that included several pockets of residents from a variety of socioeconomic backgrounds. Adjusting for previously recognized diabetes risk factors such as weight, smoking, exercise, alcohol use, marital status and education, the researchers found that housing conditions influenced the risk of developing diabetes, although there was no direct association with conditions in the neighborhoods immediately outside their homes.

We found a strong link between housing and diabetes risk but its not clear exactly how housing conditions are exerting this influence, says study senior author Douglas K. Miller, M.D., Richard M. Fairbanks Professor in Aging Research at IU School of Medicine and a Regenstrief Institute research scientist. However, it is clear that it wont be possible to reduce disparities in health status among subgroups in the population and thus improve health without understanding how a persons environment can affect that persons health.

We looked at several factors to see if they could clarify why housing conditions were contributing to the development of diabetes, but none of these factors seemed to explain the relationship at all, explains Mario Schootman, Ph.D., lead author and chief of the Division of Health Behavior Research at Washington University. However, there were several potential explanations such as environmental contaminants that we were unable to measure, so additional study is clearly indicated.

Quality of housing was evaluated based on cleanliness inside of the building and the physical condition of the buildings interior and exterior, as well as the condition of the furnishings in the building. Neighborhoods were rated based on noise, air quality and the conditions of houses, streets, yards and sidewalks. Broken windows, bad siding on homes, cracks in the sidewalks and nearby industrial sites or traffic noise lowered a neighborhoods rating. Housing and neighborhood conditions were classified as fair, poor, good or excellent

This study is part of a larger health research project involving African-Americans. In the original project, researchers looked at several factors responsible for the higher incidence of health problems experienced by later middle-aged and older African-Americans living in St. Louis. That larger project gathered data from 998 African-Americans in the St. Louis area who were born between 1936 and 1950. When that project began, diabetes already was very common in this population. More than 25 percent had the disease at the time initial interviews were conducted. The new study found that over the next three years another 10 percent developed diabetes.

The rate at which this African-American population is developing new onset diabetes is extremely important as well, Dr. Miller notes. At this rate, and combined with the group who had diabetes at baseline, more than one-half of the population will be diabetic after 10 years. With all the adverse health effects of diabetes, this is a hugely important issue for middle-aged African-Americans. Although we did not have the opportunity to conduct similar research in other cities with large numbers of urban African-Americans such as New York City, Los Angeles and Atlanta, we believe it is likely that the findings would be comparable in those cities as well.

The researchers say that additional studies are needed to determine what specifically increased the risk of diabetes as a result of poor housing conditions, but many factors have already been ruled out. The current study was funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Contact: Cindy Fox Aisen
Indiana University

Related medicine news :

1. ZYBAN, The smoking cessation drug marked for its adverse reactions
2. Spanking can Cause Adverse Effects Later In Life
3. Tamoxifen does not adversely affect the brain
4. The Adverse Effects Of Asthma Medication
5. Adverse Effects Associated with Unauthorised Hepatitis A Vaccine in China
6. Liver Adversely Affected By A Diet High In Fat
7. Heavy alcoholism has adverse affects on sex life in healthy males
8. Bisphenol A In Food Containers Has Adverse Effect On Brain Tissue
9. Obesity Has Adverse Impact On Breast Cancer Survival
10. Unfilled medical posts affect mental health adversely
11. Parenthood can have adverse mental health
Post Your Comments:
(Date:11/28/2015)... ... November 28, 2015 , ... Safe storage for contraceptive devices may not ... from Lakewood, New Jersey and the other from Bradley Beach, New Jersey, there is ... the expense of having to replace NuvaRings more often than necessary. As such, it ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... , ... There is only one major question facing all law firms in ... question has not been an easy question to answer. Especially when the senior partners ... workforce don’t share the same discipline around working long hours. , In addition ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... health care in America. As people age, more care is needed, especially with ... rising, and medical professionals are being overworked. The forgotten part of this equation: ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... ... November 27, 2015 , ... Lizzie’s Lice Pickers just announced a ... customers 10% off of their purchase of lice treatment product. In addition, customers will ... to a company spokesperson. “Finding lice is a sure way to ruin the holidays, ...
(Date:11/27/2015)... , ... November 27, 2015 , ... ... of progress through sharing, the 2016 Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs ... will begin on Sunday, March 6, 2016, at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:11/26/2015)... 26, 2015 3D bioprinting market ... to a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising ... which demands kidney transplantation is expected to boost the market ... for organ transplantation. --> 3D bioprinting market ... to a new report by Grand View Research Inc. Rising ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... DUBLIN , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... the addition of the "2016 Future ... Drugs of Abuse Testing Market: Supplier Shares, ... report to their offering. --> ... of the "2016 Future Horizons and ...
(Date:11/26/2015)... , November 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ ... --> adds "Global ... and "Investigation Report on China Repaglinide ... 2021 forecasts data and information to ... . --> ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: