Navigation Links
Adverse drug events costly to health care system: Vancouver Coastal Health-UBC research
Date:2/24/2011

Patients who suffer an adverse medical event arising from the use or misuse of medications are more costly to the health care system than other emergency department (ED) patients, say physicians and research scientists at Vancouver General Hospital and UBC. Their research, the first to examine the health outcomes and cost of patient care for patients presenting to the ED with adverse drug events, is published today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

The research team, led by Dr. Corinne Hohl, emergency physician at Vancouver General Hospital and research scientist with the Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation at Vancouver Coastal Health and the University of British Columbia, studied the health outcomes of patients who had presented to the emergency department with an adverse drug event and compared them to patients who presented for other reasons.

An adverse drug event is an unwanted and unintended medical event related to the use of medications.

After adjustment for baseline differences between patient groups, researchers found no difference in the mortality rate of the patients they studied, but those presenting with an adverse drug event had a 50% greater risk of spending additional days in hospital, as well as a 20 % higher rate of outpatient health care needs. The team followed 1,000 emergency department patients from Vancouver General Hospital for six months.

This new research builds on a 2008 study, published in the Canadian Medical Journal, which showed more than one in nine emergency department visits are due to medication-related problems.

"What we are finding is that these incidents are common and costly, both in terms of patient health and utilization of health care dollars," says Dr. Corinne Hohl. "We also know that these events are hard for physicians to recognize, and that nearly 70 percent of these incidents are preventable."

In BC alone, hospital emergency departments treat an estimated 210,000 patients each year for adverse drug events. The most common reasons for them are adverse drug reactions or side effects to medication, non adherence, and the wrong or suboptimal use of medication. The research team estimates that the cost of treating these patients is 90% greater than the cost of treating other patients after adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics. The added cost could be as much as $49 million annually.

The research team has been developing screening tools to better assist health care providers in the emergency department in recognizing patients at high risk for adverse drug events, as well as developing an evaluation platform that will help inform prescribing practices for physicians in the community

"We anticipate the development of a screening tool will be able to increase the recognition rate of these adverse drug events from 60 to over 90 percent, and we will be able to treat the patient effectively and rapidly, improving his or her care," says Dr. Hohl.

"Right now we spend a lot of time trying to diagnose what is wrong with the patient, yet often miss the fact that there is a medication-related problem. This means that patients often go home still on a medication which may be causing harm." We are also using the data from this research project to help develop a new drug evaluation platform to inform prescribing practices for physicians in the community. The hope is to prevent many of these adverse events from even taking place."


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Lin
brian.lin@ubc.ca
604-822-2234
University of British Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Adverse childhood experiences linked to frequent headache in adults
2. US FDA and NIH Launch Web-Based Safety Reporting Portal to Increase Adverse Events Reporting of FDA-Regulated Products, According to FDAImports.com, LLC
3. New studies examine adverse outcomes associated with obesity and more applicable measures of obesity
4. Patients whole genome reveals risk of diseases and adverse drug responses
5. Adverse drug effects in epileptic patients not correlated with number of prescribed medications
6. Adverse events rate is low when propofol is administered by trained professional
7. Media advisory -- events at AAAS
8. Early infusion of donor T cells prevents graft versus host disease in blood cancer patients
9. One in 12 Fans Leaves Major Sports Events Drunk: Study
10. Youth adapt faster than seniors to unexpected events
11. Tomatoes found to contain nutrient which prevents vascular diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... years, Doctors on Liens has published a directory of the top doctors working ... When the company started in 1997, the directory was a single page focusing on chiropractors ... directory features a vast array of medical specialists stretching from Sacramento to San ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Center for Autism and ... of those affected by autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and other developmental disabilities. The group, ... will give parents and other caregivers the opportunity to share stories and advice, seek ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet’s newest campaign, ... standing as living proof that attitude and determination can combine into the most ... spike around the holidays. This campaign will offer patients a new-found hope, by ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... version of its SaaS LIMS, CloudLIMS Lite. CloudLIMS Lite helps biobanks, clinical, research ... labeling, storing, shipping and disposal. The new version is a faster and a ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Wexford, PA (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ... manages stress and overall health, day and night. No other wearable health technology on ... management. We wanted to give poeple more meaningful insights about their health than ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 2, 2016  LifeVac, the revolutionary ... included in the Emergency Response Training and Support Services ... excited to have LifeVac become part of the ERTSS ... Founder and CEO of LifeVac. "Having an established network ... and effectively will help leverage our efforts to spread ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... -- PipelineRx, a leading medication management technology company focused ... its SaaS-based telepharmacy platform, PowerGridRx™ , at ... Clinical Meeting and Exhibition, December 5-7 in ... hospital clients nationally, the Company is a leader ... improve pharmacy operations, enhance patient safety, and reduce ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016  Maxor National Pharmacy Services, LLC ("Maxor"), today ... Inc. ("PSI").  The combination of Texas -based ... -based PSI bring together both company,s clinical expertise and high-touch ... an industry-leading specialty pharmacy. About Maxor ... , , ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: