Navigation Links
Adverse drug events costly to health care system: Vancouver Coastal Health-UBC research
Date:2/24/2011

Patients who suffer an adverse medical event arising from the use or misuse of medications are more costly to the health care system than other emergency department (ED) patients, say physicians and research scientists at Vancouver General Hospital and UBC. Their research, the first to examine the health outcomes and cost of patient care for patients presenting to the ED with adverse drug events, is published today in the Annals of Emergency Medicine.

The research team, led by Dr. Corinne Hohl, emergency physician at Vancouver General Hospital and research scientist with the Centre for Clinical Epidemiology and Evaluation at Vancouver Coastal Health and the University of British Columbia, studied the health outcomes of patients who had presented to the emergency department with an adverse drug event and compared them to patients who presented for other reasons.

An adverse drug event is an unwanted and unintended medical event related to the use of medications.

After adjustment for baseline differences between patient groups, researchers found no difference in the mortality rate of the patients they studied, but those presenting with an adverse drug event had a 50% greater risk of spending additional days in hospital, as well as a 20 % higher rate of outpatient health care needs. The team followed 1,000 emergency department patients from Vancouver General Hospital for six months.

This new research builds on a 2008 study, published in the Canadian Medical Journal, which showed more than one in nine emergency department visits are due to medication-related problems.

"What we are finding is that these incidents are common and costly, both in terms of patient health and utilization of health care dollars," says Dr. Corinne Hohl. "We also know that these events are hard for physicians to recognize, and that nearly 70 percent of these incidents are preventable."

In BC alone, hospital emergency departments treat an estimated 210,000 patients each year for adverse drug events. The most common reasons for them are adverse drug reactions or side effects to medication, non adherence, and the wrong or suboptimal use of medication. The research team estimates that the cost of treating these patients is 90% greater than the cost of treating other patients after adjustment for differences in baseline characteristics. The added cost could be as much as $49 million annually.

The research team has been developing screening tools to better assist health care providers in the emergency department in recognizing patients at high risk for adverse drug events, as well as developing an evaluation platform that will help inform prescribing practices for physicians in the community

"We anticipate the development of a screening tool will be able to increase the recognition rate of these adverse drug events from 60 to over 90 percent, and we will be able to treat the patient effectively and rapidly, improving his or her care," says Dr. Hohl.

"Right now we spend a lot of time trying to diagnose what is wrong with the patient, yet often miss the fact that there is a medication-related problem. This means that patients often go home still on a medication which may be causing harm." We are also using the data from this research project to help develop a new drug evaluation platform to inform prescribing practices for physicians in the community. The hope is to prevent many of these adverse events from even taking place."


'/>"/>

Contact: Brian Lin
brian.lin@ubc.ca
604-822-2234
University of British Columbia
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Adverse childhood experiences linked to frequent headache in adults
2. US FDA and NIH Launch Web-Based Safety Reporting Portal to Increase Adverse Events Reporting of FDA-Regulated Products, According to FDAImports.com, LLC
3. New studies examine adverse outcomes associated with obesity and more applicable measures of obesity
4. Patients whole genome reveals risk of diseases and adverse drug responses
5. Adverse drug effects in epileptic patients not correlated with number of prescribed medications
6. Adverse events rate is low when propofol is administered by trained professional
7. Media advisory -- events at AAAS
8. Early infusion of donor T cells prevents graft versus host disease in blood cancer patients
9. One in 12 Fans Leaves Major Sports Events Drunk: Study
10. Youth adapt faster than seniors to unexpected events
11. Tomatoes found to contain nutrient which prevents vascular diseases
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Christmas in Suffolk”: a story of ... Seymour, who lives in Lafayette, Indiana where she works in a daycare and looks ... writes. , Published by Christian Faith Publishing, Sara Seymour’s new book is an adventure ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... January 20, 2017 , ... “Knowledge is God’s Lighthouse”: a ... “Knowledge is God’s Lighthouse” is the creation of published author, Gene Gaapf, a retired ... collections. , “I have been writing since high school and have many different ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... ... ... “God's Miracle Man: Against All Odds”: an inspiring affirmation of God’s work. “God's ... Tucker, son of Minister Delores Pinnock and a Jamaican native who lives in Kingston ... sitting up in bed, I felt a pounding headache. It was like a drum ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... Aerolib Learning Management System: an On-demand E-learning system for Clinical and Regulatory ... Administration that is based on Aerolib`s successful education methodology of Disease Specific ...
(Date:1/19/2017)... (PRWEB) , ... January 19, 2017 , ... ... 5,000 SF expansion and facility enhancement of their 503A compounding pharmacy located in ... the growing demand of physicians and patients throughout the United States for high-quality ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:1/20/2017)... 2017 Stock-Callers.com today evaluates the following ... ), Novo Nordisk A/S (NYSE: NVO ), Sucampo ... Holdings Inc. (NASDAQ: PTX ). These stocks belong ... th , 2017, finishing near its session lows. As per ... 0.7%, while shares of health care companies in the S&P ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... BUFFALO, N.Y. , Jan. 20, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... health programs, has announced the launch of an ... to new guidelines on opioids and helps stem ... Opioids are often prescribed to treat chronic non-cancer ... disease) despite serious risks and lack of evidence ...
(Date:1/20/2017)... January 20, 2017 ... an Nothilfe   Die internationale humanitäre Stadt soll ... zu schaffen   Seine Hoheit Scheich ... VAE sowie Herrscher von Dubai , ... der Hilfe (International Humanitarian City IHC) zu verdreifachen, um ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: