Navigation Links
Advances in C. difficile research
Date:6/1/2008

New research into the toxins, virulence, spread and prevention of the superbug Clostridium difficile is reported in the June special issue of the Journal of Medical Microbiology. These findings will play a crucial role in providing us with ammunition in the fight against a sometimes deadly pathogen.

Clostridium difficile is found in the environment but is most common in hospitals. It can cause a serious hospital-acquired infection when antibiotics are used as they upset the balance of the normal gut flora, allowing C. difficile to grow and produce toxins. It is carried in the guts of 3% of healthy humans but carriage rates in hospital patients tend to be much higher and elderly people in hospitals, being treated with antibiotics are most at risk of developing infection. The bacteria produce spores when they encounter unfavourable conditions. Transmission of infection is through the ingestion of these spores which can survive on surfaces and floors for years and are resistant to many disinfectants and antiseptics, including alcohol hand gel.

Symptoms include diarrhoea, nausea, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, fever, bowel inflammation and possible perforation, which can be fatal. Only two antibiotics are regularly used to treat C. difficile infection: metronidazole and vancomycin, but relapse is a common problem following treatment. In 2004, a hypervirulent strain (C. difficile 027/NAP1/BI) was reported, which appears to make toxins more rapidly and at higher levels than other strains, as well as being resistant to many antibiotics, including fluoroquinolones.

Several studies in the Journal of Medical Microbiology look at the spread of C. difficile in different countries, including Austria and Korea. Research shows that the use of antibiotic increased the risk of outbreaks of the hypervirulent strain of C. difficile in the Netherlands. The issue also contains evidence to suggest that C. difficile could be spread between animals and h
'/>"/>

Contact: Lucy Goodchild
l.goodchild@sgm.ac.uk
44-011-898-81843
Society for General Microbiology
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1 2

Related medicine news :

1. Advances Aid Treatment, Diagnosis of Celiac Disease
2. Partnerships Effective Communicators of Cancer Advances
3. Partnership of academic centers and community hospitals effective model for disseminating advances
4. THE Aesthetic Show Advances $34 Billion Market
5. Singulex Advances Conversation on Personalized Medicine
6. TGrid 5.0 Advances Automatic, High-Quality Meshing Tools for Increased Productivity
7. Imaging Advances Map Brain Areas Affecting Mood
8. Recent Advances Make Sunscreen More Effective and Easier to Use
9. Treatment advances for fibroids, menopause
10. Breast reconstruction advances fix distortions left by lumpectomy
11. Breast Reconstruction Advances Fix Distortions Left by Lumpectomy
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/19/2014)... THURSDAY, Dec. 18, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Prostaglandin analogue ... -- significantly reduce the risk of vision loss in ... British researchers led by David Garway-Heath, of the ... London, tracked outcomes for more than 500 people newly ... of the disease and one of the leading causes ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... Myo Nwe is the co-author of a new weight loss ... of the Ace Medical Weight Loss Center in Rock Hill, ... at the industry of weight loss, and how several fad ... in television shows, however, she says the topic of obesity ... for basic laughs, which she believes impacts whether Americans view ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... HeartMath® Inc., recognized as one of ... variability (HRV), heart coherence and the physiology of ... and algorithms to chipset manufacturers and consumer electronics ... to offer its HRV solutions, tap into its ... its normative HRV databases and algorithms for developing ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... 17, 2014 No matter how far ... to eradicate the head louse parasite—a common childhood malady ... Each year between six and twelve million individuals will ... lice removal treatment company comes to the rescue, providing ... friendly. With its track record of customer service, and ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... MONDAY, Dec. 15, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- As gas ... and deaths, a new study suggests. In times ... many of those riders are inexperienced, the researchers explained. ... in California, which has the highest number of motorcycle ... number of motorcyclist deaths. The analysis revealed a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):Health News:Study Supports Benefit of Widely Used Glaucoma Drug 2Health News:Obesity Should Not Be a Hollywood Punchline, Weight Loss Doc Says 2Health News:HeartMath® Inc.’s HRV Platform Solutions Available for Licensing 2Health News:HeartMath® Inc.’s HRV Platform Solutions Available for Licensing 3Health News:Lice Troopers Announces New Lice Treatment Clinic in Coral Gables to Service Key Biscayne, Coconut Grove, Kendall, Brickell & South Miami 2Health News:When Gas Prices Go Up, So Do Motorcycle Accidents, Study Finds 2
... first astronaut, involved in a 25 million dollar space ... on the growth of cancer cells in outer space, ... conduct research on cells, bacteria and the crystallisation of ... Molecule Medical Institute at the National University of Malaysia. ...
... College London have found that injections of stem cells ... of children with brittle bone disease , osteogenesis imperfecta ... foetuses by DNA testing or ultrasound, disrupts collagen production, ... the condition suffer fractures while in the womb, and ...
... on Wednesday proposed uprooting excess vineyards and launching an ... strategy aimed at soaking up glut and countering New ... that the European Union's annual wine budget of 1.3 ... "a very inefficient way" despite huge challenges facing the ...
... cat allergen is associated with greater bronchial responsiveness (BR) ... they are not specifically allergic to cats. This suggests ... allergic individuals, regardless of their specific allergies. ... lead author of the study. We presupposed that we ...
... Makes a Lot of Noise has had to turn it ... effect this week . But where there are 8,000,000 New ... of Environmental Protection has a phone line, 311, for quality-of-life ... callers say, is distracting, annoying, shrill, dull or rattling -- ...
... after tests on three dead swans in the northeast confirmed an ... fatal to humans. ,"France is not threatened by ... moment, a human contamination from the H5N1 virus," Health Minister Roselyne ... as the great flu epidemic that followed the war of 1914, ...
Cached Medicine News:Health News:EU Aims to Shake Up Wine Industry With Root-and-branch Reform 2Health News:Cat Exposure Increases Bronchial Responsiveness 2Health News:New York, the City That Roars 24/7, is Forced to Quiet Down 2Health News:New York, the City That Roars 24/7, is Forced to Quiet Down 3Health News:France Steps Up Vigilance After Bird Flu Outbreak 2
(Date:12/17/2014)... ANGELES , Dec. 17, 2014  ImmunoCellular ... the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) has ... ICT-107, a dendritic cell-based immunotherapeutic vaccine targeting six ... The claims of US Patent No. 8,871,211, which ... neural cancer by administering a dendritic cell composition ...
(Date:12/17/2014)... and RALEIGH, N.C. ... Marketing Communications, LLC (CTMC), and Integrated Clinical Trial ... recruitment and retention for clinical trials announce that ... Clinical Trial Marketing Services (i-CTMS). i-CTMS will provide ... services to pharmaceutical, biotechnology and medical device companies. ...
(Date:12/15/2014)... 2014 Research and Markets ( ... "MEMS Gyroscopes Analog Devices ADIS16136 Precision Angular ... their offering. http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20130307/600769 ... applications made a lot of progress in the ... are now accepted in high-reliability environments, and are ...
Breaking Medicine Technology:ImmunoCellular Therapeutics Announces Issuance of Key Patent For ICT-107 Cancer Vaccine 2Integrated Clinical Trial Services and Clinical Trial Marketing Communications Form Joint Venture 2Integrated Clinical Trial Services and Clinical Trial Marketing Communications Form Joint Venture 3MEMS Gyroscopes Analog Devices ADIS16136 Precision Angular Rate Sensor Reverse Costing Analysis 2
... Aug. 30 Hologic, Inc. (Nasdaq: HOLX ... Executive Officer, will present at the 2010 Morgan Stanley ... 2:45 p.m. (Eastern). Interested parties are invited ... investor presentation on the investor section of the company,s ...
... AMEX: DDD ) today announced that it has ... support for the Company,s new line of extended-release nutritional and ... www.emersongroup.com ), headquartered in Wayne, Pa., is a consumer products ... to companies in the United States market.  ...
Cached Medicine Technology:SCOLR Pharma, Inc. Signs Agreement with The Emerson Group to Provide Sales Support for Nutritional & OTC Products 2SCOLR Pharma, Inc. Signs Agreement with The Emerson Group to Provide Sales Support for Nutritional & OTC Products 3
The narrow shaft and compact jaw design facilitates access and use in tight spaces, particularly useful in the posterior aspect of the knee....
... Hand Instruments were developed in surgeon's desire ... still having an instrument with the strength ... fear of the bending or breaking. Arthrotek ... to conform to the surgeon's hand. This ...
... Precision Hand Instruments were developed in surgeon's ... while still having an instrument with the ... the fear of the bending or breaking. ... manufactured to conform to the surgeon's hand. ...
... Hand Instruments were developed in surgeon's desire ... still having an instrument with the strength ... fear of the bending or breaking. Arthrotek ... to conform to the surgeon's hand. This ...
Medicine Products: