Navigation Links
Adults in Puerto Rico aware of genetic testing, but use remains low
Date:10/1/2010

MIAMI Awareness of genetic testing was higher among adults in Puerto Rico compared to previous U.S. population-based studies, while use of genetic testing was lower, according to data presented at the Third AACR Conference on the Science of Cancer Health Disparities, held Sept. 30 to Oct 3, 2010.

Genetic tests are increasingly being offered direct-to-consumers through the Internet and other venues, providing individual access to genetic tests without the involvement or consultation of a health care provider. Researchers analyzed data from the Health Information National Trends Survey (HINTS) conducted in Puerto Rico in 2009. Adults were asked whether they had heard or read about genetic tests offered by companies that analyze DNA, diet and lifestyles for potential health risks.

"This study is the first to measure awareness and use of direct-to-consumer genetic tests among adults in Puerto Rico, and to identify factors associated with awareness in this population," said Ana P. Ortiz Martinez, M.P.H., Ph.D., associate professor and researcher in the department of biostatistics and epidemiology at the University of Puerto Rico Cancer Center and Graduate School of Public Health, University of Puerto Rico.

"While 56 percent of those surveyed were aware of these tests, only 4.3 percent had ever used one," said Ortiz, who led the study. "No differences were seen by age or sex, nor was a personal or family history of cancer associated with greater genetic testing awareness."

By comparison, two previous studies showed lower awareness in the United States. In 2006, only 14 percent of adults said they were aware of genetic testing, according to data from a U.S. HealthStyles national survey. Awareness increased to 29 percent in the 2007 U.S. HINTS survey.

Although causal attributions cannot be determined from these data, the greater awareness and use of genetic testing observed in Puerto Rico relative to mainland estimates coincides with greater push and availability of such tests over time. These data underscore and inform the imperative for population-based outreach and education efforts to provide accurate and balanced information about the risks and benefits of testing.

Use of genetic testing in the 2009 Puerto Rico HINTS survey was lower (4.3 percent) compared with the 2007 U.S. survey (8.1 percent), but higher compared with the 2006 U.S. survey (0.6 percent).

Married people and those who had ever been married or were living together were more likely to be aware of direct-to-consumer genetic tests compared with those who never married. Individuals who had sought cancer information were twice as likely to be aware. Smokers were among the least likely to know about genetic testing.

"Further studies will elucidate the use of genetic tests in clinical settings, and evaluate attitudes and beliefs about them," Ortiz said. "As our understanding of their usefulness increases, we must assure access for everyone who may benefit, so that genetic testing will not become a source of health disparity in the population."


'/>"/>

Contact: Jeremy Moore
jeremy.moore@aacr.org
267-646-0557
American Association for Cancer Research
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. 9% of U.S. Adults Suffer From Depression: CDC
2. Unique gastroenterology procedure developed in adults shows promise in pediatrics
3. Overprotective parents may impact heart anxiety in adults with congenital heart conditions
4. Adults demonstrate modified immune response after receiving massage, Cedars-Sinai researchers show
5. Study links shorter sleep durations with greater risks of mental distress in young adults
6. Study findings show value of dietary supplement SAMe in treatment of adults with major depressive disorders
7. Older adults experience destination amnesia
8. Diabetes impairs but does not halt sex among older adults
9. Cognitive Therapy Helps Adults With ADHD
10. A Little Drinking Cuts Death Risk for Older Adults
11. Rectal Cancer Rates on the Rise in Younger Adults
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/25/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 25, 2016 , ... ... Institute (WCRI) compare outcomes of injured workers across 15 states. The outcomes ... work, earnings recovery, access to medical care, and satisfaction with medical care. , ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... Culver City, California (PRWEB) , ... May 25, ... ... a new interest group ADDMI - “Advancing Drug Development through Molecular Imaging.” The ... address some of the current drug discovery and development pipeline issues. Through ADDMI-IG ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... ... Afrimesure specializes in providing clients with ideal measurement and ... facilities. Their knowledgeable staff also takes care of the installation, IQ/OQ/PQ qualification protocols, ... variety of MadgeTech systems available for sterilization and temperature monitoring, including the software ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... The University of San Francisco (USF) has named Margaret ... a team of more than 100 full-time faculty and staff, and serve as a ... late August. , Baker comes to USF from the University of Washington in Seattle, ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... ... May 25, 2016 , ... "FCPX LUT Intense allows users to cycle through ... Austin - CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , With the FCPX LUT Intense ... color grades to their footage. A LUT is a Lookup Table that contains a ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... MedDay, a biotechnology company focused on ... presentation entitled "High doses of biotin in progressive multiple sclerosis: ... by Professor Ayman Tourbah , Principal Investigator of the ... Academy of Neurology (EAN) in Copenhagen, Denmark ... take place on Sunday, 29 May 2016 from 14:45 to ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... Cirujanos holandeses han puesto en marcha una ... compartir sus mejores prácticas por el mundo y tratar ... Europa, África, Asia y Estados ... combina la transmisión en vivo con mensajería instantánea y ... "Imagine un médico de Medicines sans Frontieres ...
(Date:5/24/2016)... -- ARANZ Medical  Ltd a specialist in ... been named the Coretex Hi-Tech Emerging Company of the Year ... Bruce Davey , CEO of ARANZ Medical says, "This ... to be recognised for the work we are doing to ... 35 countries around the world from Sub-Saharan Africa through to ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: