Navigation Links
Adolescent offspring of women who drank alcohol during first trimester
Date:3/21/2011

Washington, D.C., 21 March, 2011 Alcohol use during pregnancy is common and is associated with significant threats to the health and development of exposed offspring. Despite warnings from the Surgeon General to limit alcohol use if pregnant or contemplating pregnancy, a recent survey by the National Birth Defects Prevention Study(1) found that nearly one-third of women drank alcohol at some time during their pregnancy, with one-fourth of the women surveyed having drunk during the first trimester.

Heavy use of alcohol during pregnancy may lead to fetal alcohol syndrome which includes deficits in growth and central nervous system development. Fortunately, most women who drink alcohol during pregnancy are light to moderate drinkers, although consequences to the developing fetus still are of concern. The deleterious effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on 16 year old offspring is the subject of the article by Cynthia A. Larkby and colleagues in the March 2011 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (JAACAP).(2)

In the article titled "Prenatal Alcohol Exposure Is Associated With Conduct Disorders in Adolescence: Findings From a Birth Cohort," researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine and the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center examined 592 adolescents and their mothers or caretakers, utilizing data from a longitudinal study that evaluated prenatal substance exposure. The study began in 1982, and women were evaluated at their fourth and seventh prenatal months and with their children at birth, eight and eighteen months, and 3, 6, 10, 14, and 16 years postpartum. The quantity, frequency and pattern of alcohol use was summarized as average daily alcohol consumption and included beer, wine, and liquor. The study participants were 50% African American and 50% white.

Dr. Larkby and colleagues found that adolescents exposed to an average of one or more drinks of alcohol per day in the first trimester of pregnancy were three times more likely to meet criteria for a lifetime diagnosis of conduct disorder than were adolescents whose mothers drank less than that amount or abstained. The association of prenatal alcohol exposure and conduct disorder was not linear and the association was significant only at or above the level of one alcohol drink per day during the first trimester.

By the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM IV) criteria, conduct disorder is a pattern of severe behavior problems persisting for month than 12 months that include aggression toward persons and animals, destruction of property, deceitfulness or theft, and serious rule violations.

In conclusion, Larkby and colleagues state, "From a clinical perspective, prenatal alcohol exposure should be considered as another risk for conduct disorder. The next steps in research should be to define the interactions between prenatal exposures, environmental factors, and heritability. This would allow a more complete picture of the relations between prenatal alcohol exposure and conduct disorder."


'/>"/>

Contact: Chris J. Pfister
C.Pfister@elsevier.com
215-239-3266
Elsevier
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Sleep problems and sleepiness increase the risk of motor vehicle accidents in adolescents
2. Hey, thats my shirt! Sibling conflict harms trust and communication between adolescent siblings
3. Adolescent drinking adds to risk of breast disease, breast cancer
4. New Research Demonstrates Gains in Emergent Reading Skills for Adolescents with Autism and Intellectual Disabilities
5. Playing a video game before bedtime has only a mild effect on adolescent sleep
6. Less sleep may add up to more pounds in adolescents
7. Physical activity reduces the effect of the obesity gene in adolescents
8. Adolescent brains biologically wired to engage in risky behavior, study finds
9. Study Seeks Effective Treatment for Adolescent Low Back Pain
10. Adolescent cyberbullies and their victims may have physical, mental health problems
11. New study challenges stereotypes of adolescent sex offenders
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/2/2016)... PA (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 , ... As ... Healthsystem Association of Pennsylvania (HAP) issues its full support to allow certified nurse practitioners ... physician supervision after they have worked under such supervision for three years and 3,600 ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Amica Life Insurance Company has unveiled ... various life stages. , The site launched on April 1, and it has ... to the times when life insurance matters most. , “Through our research, we ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... (PRWEB) , ... May 02, 2016 , ... Dr. Philip ... his patients with same day treatments. In the past, many necessary dental treatments could ... work, along with multiple anesthetic shots and extra chair time. Not only could this ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... ... 2016 , ... Further establishing itself as a leader in natural pet products ... Boxes were selected from over 1,000 entrants as a winner and recipient of the ... chews for dogs are a favorite product among pet-parents worldwide, as each whimsical knobby ...
(Date:5/2/2016)... NEW PORT RICHEY, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... ... ... Pharmacology experts and medical researchers report that many commonly used prescription medications, ... memory loss (1). To mitigate these risks, Novus Medical Detox Center ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:4/28/2016)... 2016  The blood testing market in ... Kalorama Information and The Freedonia Group in a recent ... testing.  The healthcare research firm said that ... collection stations and in improving testing at the provincial ... Blood Testing Market in China , ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... -- , Net Sales of $1.90 billion represent an ... year period, and an increase of 1.2% on an adjusted ... the first quarter were $0.52 reported, a decrease of 47.5% ... of 29.9% over the prior year period , The ... 2016 Zimmer Biomet Holdings, Inc. (NYSE and SIX: ...
(Date:4/28/2016)... 28, 2016 Oramed Pharmaceuticals Inc. (NASDAQ: ... company focused on the development of oral drug delivery systems, ... PIONEERS 2016 conference, presented by Joseph Gunnar & ... New York . Nadav Kidron , CEO ... Presentation Details:   PIONEERS 2016, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: