Navigation Links
Acute Coronary Events Drop After Italy's Public Smoking Ban
Date:2/14/2008

Analysis shows young people in low socioeconomic areas had greatest reduction

THURSDAY, Feb. 14 (HealthDay News) -- The number of acute coronary events dropped significantly among adults in Rome after Italy banned smoking in public places in 2005, a new report shows.

Researchers in the Italian capital found an 11.2 percent reduction of acute coronary events in persons aged 35 to 64 years and a 7.9 percent reduction in those aged 65 to 74, according to the findings in the Feb. 12 issue of Circulation.

Cigarette sales and the frequency of people smoking also dropped.

"Since coronary heart disease is a leading cause of death in Italy, the reduction observed had enormous public health implications," study co-author Francesco Forastiere, head of the environmental and occupational epidemiology unit of the Rome E. Health Authority, said in a prepared statement. "It will be interesting to see if the effect of the ban is stable over time, and if similar positive health effects can be detected in other places."

The study was the first in Europe to show long-term health benefits of smoking bans in public places.

Researchers looked at city statistics for the five years preceding a 2005 public smoking ban with those from one year after. They identified acute coronary events from hospital discharge reports with a diagnosis of myocardial infarction or unstable angina and from the regional register of causes of deaths with diagnosis of out-of-hospital coronary deaths.

The January 2005 comprehensive smoking ban in Italy included all indoor public places such as offices, retail shops, restaurants, pubs and discos.

Young people living in low socioeconomic areas seemed to have the greatest reduction in acute coronary events after the smoking ban, researchers reported. Those living in lower socioeconomic areas have worse health conditions with more risk factors for heart attack such as obesity, hypertension, diabetes and a higher rate of smoking.

"This implies that a disadvantaged person has a higher probability of being surrounded by smokers at work and in public places unless a smoking ban is in place," Giulia Cesaroni, senior researcher at the Department of Epidemiology in Rome, said in a prepared statement.

The ban also appeared to have changed people's smoking habits. According to the report, the frequency of smoking decreased from 34.9 percent to 30.5 percent in men and from 20.6 percent to 20.4 percent in women. Cigarette sales also decreased 5.5 percent.

However, the smoking ban did not appear to reduce coronary events in those aged 75 to 84.

"The older age group spends more time at home than in the workplace or public businesses," Cesaroni said. "The smoking ban has a greater effect on those of working age and those who spend a lot of their time in public places."

More information

The National Cancer Institute offers has more about how to quit smoking.



-- Kevin McKeever



SOURCE: American Heart Association, news release, Feb. 11, 2008


'/>"/>
Copyright©2008 ScoutNews,LLC.
All rights reserved  

Related medicine news :

1. Acute coronary events decreased after public smoking ban in Italy
2. Hill-Rom Introduces Fashionable, Affordable Bed for Home and Post-Acute Care Patients
3. Physicians Still Hopeful About Desmoteplase for the Treatment of Acute Ischemic Stroke Despite Negative Results
4. Kidney cancer drug attacks a major type of acute myeloid leukemia
5. Answering Bush SOTU Retirement Reform Challenge, Long Term Care Profession Urges Congress to Enact Bold Reform of Long Term and Post Acute Care Delivery Systems
6. Molecules might identify high-risk acute-leukemia patients
7. Engaging 2008 Debate, Key Long Term Care Advocacy Groups Offer New Plan to Strengthen Nations Long Term and Post-Acute Care Delivery System
8. FDA Advisory Committee Recommends Approval of KYNAPID(TM) for Acute Atrial Fibrillation
9. Sunesis Pharmaceuticals SNS-595 Shows Clinical Activity in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Acute Leukemias; Data Presented in Oral Session at 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology
10. Pharmion and MethylGene Present Favorable Clinical Data From Combination MGCD0103/Vidaza(R) Study in Myelodysplastic Syndromes and Acute Myelogenous Leukemia at The 49th American Society of Hematology (ASH) Meeting
11. OHSU Cancer Institute researcher develops test for targeted therapy in acute myeloid leukemia
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
Related Image:
Acute Coronary Events Drop After Italy's Public Smoking Ban
(Date:3/23/2017)... & Seattle, WA (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... health emergency and now estimates that there could be four million Zika-related cases in ... epidemics to date with numbers of US cases reported per year skyrocketing to an ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... Virginia (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... public health services to their communities, 16 more public health departments have been ... week’s decisions bring another 4.5 million people into the expanding network of communities ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... MN (PRWEB) , ... March 23, 2017 , ... The ... internet and WiFi connectivity are making a huge impact on businesses and individual consumers ... Institute estimates the IoT will have a value anywhere from $4 trillion to $11 ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... ... families and businesses of the Norwalk and Vermillion areas, celebrates the newest ... (N.O.R.A.) is a nonprofit, community-based substance abuse prevention and peer recovery support ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... ... March 23, 2017 , ... The ... from the NCQA. The accreditation covers StayWell’s asthma, coronary artery disease, congestive heart ... granted to organizations that have excellent programs for the delivery and improvement of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:3/23/2017)... INDIANAPOLIS , March 23, 2017 /PRNewswire/ ... and the William Sansum Diabetes Center have established a ... affected by diabetes through enhanced research, education and care. ... cardiovascular disease bears a disproportionate weight on Latino families ... David Kerr , M.D., FRCPE, director of Innovation ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017 ... and Healthcare disease pipeline guide Primary Hyperoxaluria - ... the Primary Hyperoxaluria (Genito Urinary System And Sex ... rare condition characterized by recurrent kidney and bladder ... substance called oxalate. Symptoms include blood in the ...
(Date:3/23/2017)... , March 23, 2017  Digital Pharmacist Inc. ... ), a rapidly growing digital health company, announced ... app that allows patients to manage their prescriptions. ... such as Denver Health Pharmacy, USave Pharmacy and ... helps Digital Pharmacist accelerate its product development schedule, ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: