Navigation Links
Abnormal glutamine repeats interfere with key transcription factor, leading to neurodegeneration
Date:11/13/2007

Although repeating sequences of three nucleotides encoding some of the bodies' 20 amino acids are a normal part of protein composition, abnormal expansion of trinucleotide repeats is the known cause of multiple inherited neurodegenerative disorders, including Huntington disease.

Scientists at Emory University School of Medicine, in research with mice, now have discovered more specific information about how this inherited expansion of a normal repeated DNA sequence alters gene expression. The research is reported online in the journal Nature Neuroscience.

The inherited diseases caused by an abnormal number of glutamine repeats (generally, more than 37) are known as polyglutamine, or PolyQ diseases. The diseases lead to a progressive degeneration of nerve cells usually affecting people later in life. Although these diseases share the same abnormal expansion of the repeated glutamine sequence and some symptoms, the repeats for the different PolyQ diseases occur in genes on different chromosomes.

The scientists found that abnormal glutamine repeats interfere with the function of an essential transcription factor called TBP (TATA-box binding protein). In turn, the expanded polyQ sequence alters the interaction of TBP with other transcription factors, leading to neurodegeneration. Transcription is the process by which the genetic code in the DNA sequence is first transcribed into RNA. The RNA is subsequently translated into a protein.

"Our study has a broad impact for understanding transcriptional regulation of gene expression as well as the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration caused by expanded polyglutamine proteins," says Xiao-Jiang Li, MD, PhD, Distinguished Professor of Human Genetics in Emory University School of Medicine and the paper's senior author.


'/>"/>

Contact: Holly Korschun
hkorsch@emory.edu
404-727-3990
Emory University
Source:Eurekalert

Page: 1

Related medicine news :

1. Clinical depression linked to abnormal emotional brain circuits
2. Grant Supports Study of Abnormal Ring-Shaped Chromosomes
3. Abnormal immune cells may cause unprovoked anaphylaxis
4. UP Repeats NCQA Certification in Utilization Management
5. Cancer Doctors Across America Stunned at Governments Ruling Restricting Anemia Management Protocols for Cancer Patients, Call Ruling Interference in Practice of Medicine
6. Stress and Anxiety Interfere With Sleep
7. The ScottCare Corporation Completes Acquisition of Rozinn Electronics, a Leading Manufacturer of Cardiac Diagnostic Products
8. Omnicom Acquires Leading Healthcare Marketing Communications Firm in China
9. Leading Child Abuse Center Releases Back to School Tips to Protect Children From Internet Predators
10. Leading-edge body sensor could help produce sporting champions
11. Hospital Quality Info on Web Can Be Misleading
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:10/13/2017)... Nevada (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... ... Hemp CBD Oil utilizing Purzorb™ technology. Applying the Purzorb™process to full spectrum CBD oil ... required and providing a CBD form that can be easily incorporated into liquid products, ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... Calif. (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2017 , ... Many ... dementia. However, many long-term care insurance companies have a waiver for care if the ... 90-day elimination period, when the family pays for care, is often waived, so the ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... Yisrayl Hawkins, Pastor and Overseer at The House of Yahweh, has released a ... books in the Holy Scriptures, Revelation. The Book of Revelation paints a picture of ... have tossed it off as mere rubbish, but Yisrayl Hawkins says that is because ...
(Date:10/13/2017)... ... ... “America On The Brink”: the Christian history of the United States and the ... published author, William Nowers. Captain Nowers and his wife, Millie, have six children, ... in the Navy. Following his career as a naval aviator and carrier pilot, ...
(Date:10/12/2017)... ... October 12, 2017 , ... The ... demand of today’s consumer and regulatory authorities worldwide. From Children’s to Adults 50+, ... to meet the highest standard. , These products are also: Gluten Free, ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/12/2017)... Divoti USA will engrave and process all non-coated stainless ... FDA requirements, which stipulates new criteria regarding medical device manufacture and ... ID jewelry such as Medical ID Bracelets, can rest assured that ... the new FDA requirements . ... Divoti offers this dark mark fiber laser engraving process with ...
(Date:10/11/2017)... , Oct. 11, 2017  BioPharmX Corporation (NYSE MKT: ... that developed an innovative way to use nonlinear optical ... delivery of new drugs. ... Dermatology Conference will show how researchers from BioPharmX and ... Medical School used a suite of imaging techniques in ...
(Date:10/11/2017)...  True Health, a leader in integrated diagnostics ... National Breast Cancer Awareness month to educate doctors ... Research recently published in ... than 10 million American women are at significant ... BRCA2 and have not had testing. These mutations can ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: