Navigation Links
Abnormal brain ultrasounds in premature infants indicate future risk of psychiatric disorders
Date:7/14/2011

Infants born prematurely are at risk for injuries to the white and gray matter of the brain that affect cortical development and neural connectivity. Certain forms of these injuries can be detected in the neonatal period using ultrasound, according to Columbia University Medical Center researchers.

Researchers who followed a group of premature infants until age 16 found that those with neonatal ultrasound abnormalities were at increased risk for specific psychiatric disorders, namely, attention deficit hyperactivity, tic disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder, and major depression―all of which are thought to arise from dysfunctions of the subcortical-cortical circuits. The findings were published in the July 2011 issue of the Archives of General Psychiatry.

Premature birth is a growing problem in the United States, adding to the significance of the findings. An increased appreciation of the relation between perinatal brain injuries and later psychiatric disorders could lead to earlier diagnosis and intervention by the pediatricians, psychiatrists, and neurologists who care for these children and adolescents. Future research may also explore the relation of perinatal brain injury to psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia, that more commonly come to clinical attention in adulthood

A research group at Columbia University Medical Center/New York State Psychiatric Institute led by Dr. Agnes Whitaker, MD, evaluated more than 400 nondisabled adolescents who had been born prematurely and had had abnormal brain ultrasounds taken at birth. When the researchers administered questionnaires and cognitive tests to the subjects and interviewed their parents, they found a relation between perinatal brain injuries and certain psychiatric disorders at adolescence that could not be explained by other medical or social factors.

Although scientists have speculated for decades that early brain injury can have long-term psychiatric effects, these results provide the first strong empirical evidence of such a relation. "The study," says Whitaker, a clinical professor of psychiatry in the Department of Psychiatry at Columbia University and research psychiatrist in the Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at New York State Psychiatric Institute, "is a beautiful example of interdisciplinary work. The team included researchers from neonatology, pediatrics, psychiatry, and epidemiology. It couldn't have been done otherwise."


'/>"/>

Contact: Ann Rae Jonas
arj2116@columbia.edu
212-305-6535
Columbia University Medical Center
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. New study finds 70 percent of able-bodied hockey players have abnormal hip and pelvis MRIs
2. Autism Consortium study in Pediatrics shows CMA finds more genetic abnormalities than current tests
3. Mount Sinai researchers are the first to identify heart abnormalities in World Trade Center workers
4. Researchers ID brain abnormalities in children exposed to methamphetamine in utero
5. Abnormal Heart Rhythm Linked to Alzheimers
6. High doses of antioxidant supplements induce stem cell genetic abnormalities
7. Visually guided laser may be viable treatment for abnormal heartbeat
8. Cold sore virus may contribute to cognitive and brain abnormalities in schizophrenia
9. Harmless Brain Abnormalities in Kids Pose Disclosure Dilemmas
10. Specially trained nurse practitioner detected same breast abnormalities as surgeon
11. Abnormal brain activity in migraineurs is not restricted to attacks
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/5/2016)... Ontario (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... After ... Scarborough General Hospital Burn Unit, plastic and cosmetic surgeon Dr. Wayne Carman transitioned to ... Scarborough Hospital. He successfully completed his first three-year term as chief and began a ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Regular gym users know the ... to wait longer to access the treadmills. It’s a predictable trend. After the excesses ... weight and get in shape by joining gyms, starting new walking or running routines, ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... February 05, 2016 , ... Dr. Justin Scott and Dr. ... Annual No Cost Dental Day to individuals in need. The event is scheduled to ... No Cost Dental Day is to provide dental care to community members in need. ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... ... 05, 2016 , ... Health and wellness is a topic that should concern ... they are experiencing an illness. Migraines are a severe form of a headache and ... would not wish the pain on their worst enemy, the feeling can last for ...
(Date:2/5/2016)... CA (PRWEB) , ... February 05, 2016 , ... –This ... on the benefits of having a tankless water heater. To view the report, ... water heaters: tank and tankless. While each has their pros and cons, the type ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/5/2016)... 2016 --> ... "Fetal (Labor & Delivery) and Neonatal Care Equipment Market ... Oximeter, Phototherapy/Jaundice Management Devices, CPAP, Capnograph, & Resuscitator) - ... studies the global market over the forecast period of ... 6.28 Billion in 2015 and is poised to grow ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... -- For hospitals considering enrollment in the Federal 340B ... program, the Health Resources and Services Administration,s (HRSA) recent ... , could have significant impact on plans and operations, ... Essential Insights , Daniel Neal, director ... Mega-Guidance,s key proposed changes, including a new requirement that ...
(Date:2/4/2016)... CITY, Calif. , Feb. 4, 2016 /PRNewswire/ ... "Company") today announced it has entered into a ... Exchange Commission (SEC) fully resolving the SEC,s investigation ... Act (FCPA).  Under the terms of the settlement ... of $12.8 million, including disgorgement, pre-judgment interest and ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: