Navigation Links
APHA 2010: Attacking the drinking culture on college campuses from different directions
Date:11/10/2010

A multi-tiered effort designed to stem binge drinking at a large university and to change the drinking culture among its students produced notable results during the 2.5 years of an Indiana University study.

Freshmen living on campus showed significant drops in the average number of drinks consumed in a week; in the percentage who drank at least once a week in the last year; and in the proportion of students who engaged in binge drinking in the previous week.

Heavy drinking by college students and the associated consequences -- poor health and academic performance, riskier and more irresponsible behavior -- are problems on university campuses and in college towns nationwide. The program assessed by the IU study attacked the problem at three levels -- at the individual level through a mandated online class, at the peer level, through special training for resident assistants, and at an environmental level with educational campaigns that combined community and university resources.

"An ecologically guided, multi-tiered approach appears to be critical for success," said Dong-Chul Seo, associate professor in the Department of Applied Health Science at IU's School of Health, Physical Education and Recreation. "The Task Force of the National Advisory Council on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism concluded in 2002 that to significantly reduce drinking on college campuses, the culture must be changed and that all the three tiers (individual, peer, and environment) must be intervened. This has been widely advocated by college administrators and researchers. But, there is still a paucity of data on the effectiveness of such interventions."

The study, which took place from 2006-2009, involved a quasi-experimental format that compared freshmen who lived on campus with non-freshmen who lived off-campus. The non-freshmen were only exposed to the environmental interventions, which involved posters and other information that promoted several different anti-binge drinking and responsible drinking and driving campaigns.

Here are some of the findings:

  • The average number of drinks consumed in a week declined by 15.9 percent for the freshmen but only 7.5 percent for the comparison group
  • The percentage of students who drank at least once a week declined by 17.5 percent for the freshmen compared to 6.7 percent for the comparison group
  • The percentage of students binge drinking declined by 12.2 percent among freshmen and by 1 percent for the comparison group.

Seo said these results are very encouraging but the study found some areas of concern. The freshmen in the study, for example, showed no significant changes in their perceptions that drinking helps them connect with peers, serves as a mechanism for male bonding or female bonding, or allows people to have more fun. The comparison group, he said, showed an unfavorable change in perceptions that drinking alcohol makes it easier to deal with stress and facilitates a connection with peers.

"This might be interpreted that the perceived benefits of drinking might not affect drinking behavior as much as one could expect. That is, drinking may not necessarily happen because one sees the direct benefit of drinking, given the substantial improvements in drinking behavior as well as in drinking norms and consequences observed in this study," said Seo, adding that these changes were unexpected and need further research.


'/>"/>

Contact: Dong-Chul Seo
seo@indiana.edu
812-855-9379
Indiana University
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. APHA 2010: Study finds funding for substance abuse in Indiana lacking
2. APHA 2010: Health-care reform and people with disabilities
3. ASHG 2010: New research on implications of direct-to-consumer and clinical genetic testing
4. Neurocritical Care Conference 2010: Walk of Life
5. FDA Adds 16 More Firms to Import Alert for Salmonella Contamination in May 2010: Many Non-U.S. Firms Affected According to FDAImports.com
6. Rent for Ryder Cup 2010: Making Your Stay Memorable
7. CONSORT 2010: Leading journals publish new guidelines to improve trial reports
8. National Kidney Month 2010: Stories of Hope About the Prevention and Maintenance of Kidney Disease from The Kidney TRUST
9. Your e-Marketing Journey in 2010: An e-Book for Corporate Communicators Working in European Headquarters
10. Bersin & Associates Unveils Agenda for Research Conference, IMPACT 2010: The Business of Talent(R)
11. Attacking cancer cells with hydrogel nanoparticles
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Mediaplanet’s newest campaign, ... standing as living proof that attitude and determination can combine into the most ... spike around the holidays. This campaign will offer patients a new-found hope, by ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Honolulu, Hawaii (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 ... ... 3, 2016 at the Hyatt Regency Waikiki Beach Resort and Spa in Honolulu, ... (CME) in the field of pain management. , The demand for supplemental ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... California (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... "Pro3rd ... allow FCPX editors to create versatile lower third titles with just a few clicks ... Pro3rd Accents Volume 2 includes 30 lower third animations. Choose from various styles with ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , ... December 02, 2016 , ... ‘Tis the season ... of $1,000 each from the National Family Partnership and the Drug Enforcement Administration as ... decorated their homes and the 10 winning schools who decorated their campuses with this ...
(Date:11/30/2016)... ... November 30, 2016 , ... Center For Discovery, a nationally ... of a new eating disorder treatment center location in Palm Beach Gardens, Florida.  The ... adolescents, both males and females ages 10 and older with eating disorders, including ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec 1, 2016 Research and Markets ... Delivery in Cancer - Technologies, Markets and Companies" to their ... , , ... management of cancer The market value of drug delivery ... estimates from 2015-2025 are given according to organs involved and the ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 1, 2016 Around the corners of ... and each habitable land present over earth. Cancer has ... once in a life time this is because of ... until now. Given the steady increase in global cancer ... the spiraling healthcare costs of treatment, there is increasing ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 2, 2016 Allergan plc (NYSE: ... additional information on its previously announced Accelerated Share Repurchase (ASR) ... ... As previously announced, the Company entered into ... which the Company will repurchase $10 billion of its ordinary ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: