Navigation Links
ADHD study: Expensive training programs don't help kids' grades, behavior
Date:11/25/2013

Many parents spend thousands of dollars on computer-based training programs that claim to help children with ADHD succeed in the classroom and in peer relationships while reducing hyperactivity and inattentiveness. But a University of Central Florida researcher says parents are better off saving their hard-earned cash.

Psychology professor Mark Rapport's research team spent two years analyzing the data from 25 studies and found that those programs are not producing significant or clinically meaningful long-term improvements in children's cognitive abilities, academic performance or behavior.

"Parents are desperate for help," said Rapport, who runs the Children's Learning Clinic IV at UCF. "If they can afford it, they are willing to spend the money, and some parents even enroll their children in private schools because they offer these cognitive training programs. But there is no empirical evidence to show those investments are worthwhile."

Rapport initiated the study because many parents of children who have been evaluated at his clinic asked him whether they should invest in the programs. The study is featured in the December issue of Clinical Psychology Review.

His team analyzed published studies sponsored by the companies themselves as well as all independent published studies in the literature and he drew his conclusions based on analyzing "blinded" studies, meaning studies in which researchers and independent raters used objective measures and did not know which children were assigned to the cognitive training programs as opposed to an inactive placebo condition.

Working memory represents one of the most important core deficits in children with ADHD, and improvements in working memory are associated with improved academic performance, behavior, peer relationships and other intellectual abilities. Surprisingly, although a majority of the cognitive training programs claimed to train this important aspect of brain functioning, closer examination of their training exercises revealed that they actually train short-term memory.

Short-term memory stores information in mind for a brief interval, whereas working memory uses the stored information for accomplishing a wide range of cognitive tasks, such as reading comprehension, mental math, and multitasking.

Rapport said his conclusions do not mean that the computer-based programs cannot become a helpful tool for children with ADHD. If programs can be designed to focus on working memory, it is worth evaluating whether they can help children's cognitive abilities, academic performance and behavior, he said.

Rapport, who is a fellow of the American Psychological Association, began teaching at UCF in 2000. Early in his career, he worked as a school psychologist in Pinellas County. He was often frustrated that many of the techniques that he and schoolteachers tried would fail to help children with ADHD. As a researcher at three universities prior to coming to UCF, Rapport studied behavioral and pharmacological treatments for children with ADHD.

The Children's Learning Clinic offers free assessments for typically developing boys ages 8 to 12, as well as for children who are experiencing difficulties with attention, learning, memory or concentration and those suspected of having ADHD. The clinic's free evaluations include intelligence, academic achievement, activity level and memory assessments.

Co-authors on this study include UCF doctoral students Sarah Orban and Lauren Friedman and Michael J. Kofler, a professor with the University of Virginia's Department of Human Services.


'/>"/>

Contact: Chad Binette
chad.binette@ucf.edu
407-823-6312
University of Central Florida
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Study: Ureteral injury during robot-assisted prostate surgery
2. Study: Odds of rehospitalization of cognitively impaired varies by discharge destination
3. Mayo Clinic-led study: 2 drugs do not improve kidney function in acute heart failure patients
4. Regenstrief and IU study: Older adults with severe mental illness challenge healthcare system
5. Princeton study: Military children and their families remain an invisible subculture
6. Study: Access to health care increases prescription opioid availability and associated abuse
7. Study: Higher rates of diabetes, hypertension, heart disease and stroke found in food desert
8. U-M study: Smarter blood pressure guidelines could prevent many more heart attacks and strokes
9. IU study: Leadership void, not lack of money, slows efforts to address cervical cancer
10. New study: Enterocystoplasty in children with genitourinary abnormalities is safe and effective
11. Mayo Clinic study: Uterine fibroids have significant impact on quality of life, workplace performance
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The California State University ... academic faculty engaged in or interested in palliative care education and research. The Symposium, ... held in North County San Diego on Sept. 28 and 29, 2017, on the ...
(Date:2/24/2017)... ... February 24, 2017 , ... The Radiology Business Management ... radiology marketing programs at the annual Building Better Radiology Marketing Programs conference, ... Hotel in Fort Worth, Texas. Nine awards are given out in five categories. They ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Thinksport, the most award-winning ... Gran Fondo of Marin. For the second year in a row, cyclists will ... , “We are thrilled to provide our safe, non-toxic sunscreen to over 2,000 ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... 2017 , ... Rare Disease Report®, which is the only ... Disease Day events, hosted by the Rare Disease Legislative Advocates (RDLA) on February ... e-newsletter and quarterly publication, will be conducting interviews with patients and advocates in ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... ... February 23, 2017 , ... Rosica Communications, a national ... marketing, social media management, corporate communications, SEO and cause marketing, is opening an ... nearby New Hampshire, Massachusetts and Canada, Rosica will focus on expanding its footprint. ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/23/2017)... , Feb. 23, 2017 Regulus ... the discovery and development of innovative medicines targeting microRNAs, ... year 2016 financial results on Thursday, March 2, 2017 ... a conference call and webcast on March 2, 2017 ... and full year 2016 financial results and provide a ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... -- ... Research and Markets has announced the addition of the "Global Antifungal ... to their offering. The Global Antifungal Drugs Market is ... decade to reach approximately $12.8 billion by 2025. ... given segments on global as well as regional levels presented in the ...
(Date:2/23/2017)... 2017  MiMedx Group, Inc. (NASDAQ: MDXG), the leading ... processes to develop and market advanced products and therapies ... Ophthalmic, and Dental sectors of healthcare, today announced its ... ended December 31, 2016. Full Year 2016 ... 31% increase over full year 2015 revenue ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: