Navigation Links
ADHD linked to low maternal education, lone parents and welfare benefits

A major study of more than a million children has found strong links between receiving medication for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and limited maternal education, single parent families and welfare benefits, according to the June issue of Acta Paediatrica

Swedish experts teamed up to carry out what they believe is the first study of risk factors for ADHD in a national cohort of school children, based on 1.16 million children on the country's Prescribed Drug Register.

"We identified 7,960 Swedish-born children, aged between six and 19, using a prescription for ADHD medication as our indicator of severe ADHD" explains lead author Professor Anders Hjern from the Centre for Health Equity Studies, a collaboration between the Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm University.

"We then tracked their records through other registers, using the unique ten digit reference number all Swedish residents are given at birth, to determine a number of other factors."

ADHD is a common, treatable childhood illness that can affect areas of the brain connected to problem solving, planning ahead, understanding others' actions and controlling impulses. The primary symptoms of the condition are hyperactivity, impulsivity and inattention.

"Genes are also known to play an important role in the development of ADHD and studies of identical twins show that they are very likely to exhibit the same ADHD traits" says Professor Hjern, who carried out the study when he was based at the National Board of Health and Welfare.

Key findings of the Swedish study include:

  • Boys were three times more likely to be on ADHD medication than girls, with medication use highest in boys aged between 10 and 15.

  • Women who had only received the most basic education were 130 per cent more likely to have a child on ADHD medication than women with university degrees.

  • Children were 54 per cent more likely to be on ADHD medication if they came from a single parent family rather than having both parents at home.

  • Coming from a family on welfare benefits increased the risk of ADHD medication by 135 per cent when compared with households not claiming benefits.

  • There were no statistically significant differences between the effects that socioeconomic factors had on boys or girls in the study.

When the researchers examined the total impact of the socioeconomic factors, they found that the impact was similar to that reported in twin studies.

"Our study showed that almost half of the cases could be explained by the socioeconomic factors included in our analysis, clearly demonstrating that these are potent predictors of ADHD-medication in Swedish schoolchildren" says Professor Hjern.

"There are several ways that family factors may influence ADHD. For example, low parental education is associated with general social disadvantage, a higher number of stress factors and a greater risk of childhood adversity.

"Lack of time and money are more common in single parent families, as are lack of social support and family conflict, including separation, divorce and parental absence.

"We believe that further research into ADHD should focus on the interaction between genes and environmental factors in order to determine the reasons why some children develop ADHD and how it could be prevented."


Contact: Annette Whibley

Related medicine news :

1. Agricultural Chemical Spray Linked to Birth Defect Risk
2. 3 brain diseases linked by toxic form of same neural protein
3. Bad Behavior as a Kid Linked to Early Death in Men
4. Sedation Linked to Longer Stay in ICU
5. Personal History Linked to Feelings of Betrayal
6. Improved air quality linked to fewer pediatric ear infections
7. Flame-Retardant Chemical Linked to Conception Problems
8. Common antidepressant drugs linked to lactation difficulties in moms
9. Vitamin D Linked to Survival in Lymphoma Patients
10. Poop dermatitis linked to fashionable toilet seats, harsh chemicals
11. Self-Image Linked to Activity in Frontal Lobe of Brain
Post Your Comments:
(Date:10/13/2015)... MA (PRWEB) , ... October 13, 2015 , ... Protein ... of the body, including muscle, bone, and blood. But how much protein does the ... complicated than it might seem, according to the October 2015 issue of Harvard ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... T-System and Centegra ... than 59,000 emergency department visits per year, today announced the successful and rapid ... improve clinical, operational and financial outcomes. , In less than four ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... World Patent Marketing , a vertically ... melting invention that helps people in clearing snow away from the streets and driveways. ... at 3.8% per year," says Scott Cooper, CEO and Creative Director of World Patent ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... Thermi, ... the newest professional to introduce the latest development, ThermiVa® temperature controlled radiofrequency to ... leading professional in Obstetrics and Gynecology and a pioneer in the field of ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... ... October 13, 2015 , ... ... and the Florida Apartment Association (FAA) has partnered with the Florida Department of ... the demand. , The FAA Smoke-Free Multifamily Housing Program launched last week ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:10/13/2015)... WuXi PharmaTech (Cayman) Inc. (NYSE:  WX), a ... serving the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device industries, ... version of OncoWuXi, the first App in the ... and data on the go.  The OncoWuXi App ... to identify relevant tumor models for use in ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... Oct. 13, 2015  The Wyss Institute ... today announced the launch of its latest ... will introduce imaging reagents providing super-resolution capabilities ... of expensive specialized instruments. The announcement follows ... Office of Technology Development (OTD) and ...
(Date:10/13/2015)... -- --> --> Opportunities ... the Asthma and COPD Therapies market? Which areas are going ... new report shows you potential revenues to 2025, assessing data, ... 260 tables, charts, and graphs. Discover the most lucrative areas ... study lets you assess forecasted sales at overall world market ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: