Navigation Links
ACMG Joins Lawsuit Challenging Patents on Breast Cancer Genes; Genes Are Naturally Occurring Substances and Should Not Be Patented, Says American College of Medical Genetics
Date:5/12/2009

BETHESDA, Md., May 12 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- The American College of Medical Genetics (ACMG) has joined the Association for Molecular Pathology, the College of American Pathologists, and the American Society for Clinical Pathology in a lawsuit filed today charging that patents on the human genes associated with breast and ovarian cancer interfere with diagnostic testing, stifle research and limit women's options regarding their health care. The lawsuit challenges patents on the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, which are responsible for most cases of hereditary breast and ovarian cancers. Because these genes are "products of nature," the ACMG believes that granting patents on them is illegal.

ACMG has had a long-standing position against gene patenting. In the 1999 ACMG Position Statement on Gene Patents and Accessibility of Gene Testing, which was reaffirmed in 2005, ACMG stated that:

"It is the American College of Medical Genetics' position that genes and their mutations are naturally occurring substances that should not be patented."

With breast cancer affecting an estimated one in eight women, ACMG has grave concerns over the human cost of patents on genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 that are important in diagnosis, management, risk assessment and prevention. Patents on the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes create a monopoly giving only one laboratory the right to do testing. This reduces consumer choice and removes the competitive incentives regarding price, quality assurance, or improvement of the tests.

"Imagine if one of your family members was making a decision about surgery to remove her breasts after a gene test result placed her at high risk for breast cancer and there was no place to get an independent test done to confirm the results," said Michael S. Watson, PhD, FACMG, Executive Director of the American College of Medical Genetics.

Ramifications of gene patents, however, extend beyond direct patient care. As stated in the ACMG Position Statement, "[gene patenting] affects the training of the next generation of medical and laboratory geneticists, physicians and scientists in the area enveloped by the patent or license."

ACMG believes that patenting of genes, and especially the restrictive licensing practices that limit testing to a single laboratory, stand in the way of good medical care, interfere with informed decision-making by patients, impede training of the next generation of genetics laboratory professionals, and restrict the flow of information that will add to medical knowledge. Furthermore, it is a major impediment to harvesting the vast potential of the sequencing of the human genome, which increasingly is making it possible to simultaneously study large collections of genes instead of individual genes one at a time.

"Gene patenting creates an obstacle course that will make true genomic analysis not only cost-prohibitive, but impossible, given that no single laboratory will ever own the rights to offer comprehensive testing," concluded Bruce R. Korf, MD, PhD, FACMG, president of the American College of Medical Genetics

For more information on the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene patent case, visit: www.aclu.org/brca.

About the American College of Medical Genetics

Founded in 1991, the American College of Medical Genetics (www.acmg.net) is the national non-profit professional organization that advances the practice of medical genetics by providing education, resources and a voice for more than 1400 biochemical, clinical, cytogenetic, medical and molecular geneticists, genetic counselors and other health care professionals committed to the practice of medical genetics. ACMG's activities include the development of laboratory and practice standards and guidelines, advocating for quality genetic services in health care and in public health, and promoting the development of methods to diagnose, treat and prevent genetic disease. Genetics in Medicine, published monthly, is the official ACMG peer-reviewed journal. ACMG's website (www.acmg.net) offers a variety of resources including Policy Statements, Practice Guidelines, Educational Resources, and a Medical Geneticist Locator. The educational and public health programs of the American College of Medical Genetics are dependent upon grants and contracts and charitable gifts from corporations, foundations, and individuals. The American College of Medical Genetics Foundation (www.acmgfoundation.org) is a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization dedicated to funding the College's diverse efforts to translate genes into health.


'/>"/>
SOURCE American College of Medical Genetics
Copyright©2009 PR Newswire.
All rights reserved

Related medicine news :

1. Richard Greco Joins Mediware Board
2. Johnson & Johnson Campaign for Nursings Future Joins With AACN to Offer New Minority Nurse Faculty Scholars Program
3. Sean P. McLaughlin Joins Red Cross as Chief of Operations Support
4. Dr. Mahesh Ramachandran Joins Marianjoy Medical Group
5. Nick Childs Joins Grey New York as Director of Content Development
6. Psychemedics Corporation Joins Accenture in Co-Sponsoring Innovative Chief Talent Officer Book
7. David Ward Joins OrthoSynetics(TM) as Western Region Sales Manager
8. NASN Joins Partnership to Fight Chronic Disease
9. AstraZeneca Joins Local Walking Movement
10. Proxy Governance Joins ISS, Glass Lewis and Egan Jones in Recommending Arrow International Shareholders Vote to Approve the $45.50 Per Share Merger With Teleflex
11. Fund Manager Joins Board of GSI Securitization Inc.
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Brent Kasmer, a legally blind and certified personal trainer is helping ... fitness app. The fitness app plans to fix the two major problems leading the fitness ... size fits all type program , They don’t eliminate all the reasons people ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... ... temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to a possible lice infestation, ... aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from a human host, and ... necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out of control. , As ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... Dr. Calvin Johnson has dedicated his ... implemented orthobiologic procedures as a method for treating his patients. The procedure is ... to perform the treatment. Orthobiologics are substances that orthopaedic surgeons use to help ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... ... June 24, 2016 , ... Those who have experienced traumatic events may suffer ... unhealthy avenues, such as drug or alcohol abuse, as a coping mechanism. To avoid ... healthy coping following a traumatic event. , Trauma sufferers tend to feel a range ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... MIAMI, Fla. (PRWEB) , ... June 24, 2016 , ... ... Florida Trend magazine’s 2016 Legal Elite. The attorneys chosen by their peers for this ... of Florida. , Seven Greenberg Traurig Shareholders received special honors as members of this ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... DUBLIN , June 24, 2016 ... and Markets has announced the addition of the ... their offering. ... products and provides an updated review, including its applications ... covering the total market, which includes three main industries: ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016 Dehaier Medical Systems Ltd. (NASDAQ: ... markets and sells medical devices and wearable sleep respiratory ... strategic cooperation agreement with Hongyuan Supply Chain Management Co., ... June 20, 2016, to develop Dehaier,s new Internet medical ... Dehaier will leverage Hongyuan Supply Chain,s sales platform to ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 According to ... Type (Standard Pen Needles, Safety Pen Needles), Needle Length ... Growth Hormone), Mode of Purchase (Retail, Non-Retail) - Trends ... report studies the market for the forecast period of ... USD 2.81 Billion by 2021 from USD 1.65 Billion ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: