Navigation Links
A research on 'craving' for tobacco establishes the bases for addiction control
Date:5/20/2008

This release is available in Spanish.

A research team from the University of Granada has carried out a study on the psychological process that triggers the craving or intense desire for tobacco, a study that could establish the bases to determine the brain mechanisms that activate this state and how to control them.

Miguel ngel Muoz Garca, from the Department of Personality, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment of the University of Granada has carried out this study, under the direction of the Professors Jaime Vila Castelar and M Carmen Fernndez Santaella.

Craving" is an expression used to define an uncontrollable desire for the administration or consumption of an addictive substance. It is usually used in situations of alcohol or nicotine dependence and it is considered as a pathology that affects cognitive resources, as it has an obsessive component.

180 cocaine users

The researchers of the University of Granada analysed, with the help of a device, 180 regular takers of an addictive substance (cocaine, in this case), to study the emotional mechanisms triggering the addiction for the substance. This study has helped to establish the behavioural mechanisms in cocaine addiction, and consists of the emotional control of different consumption situations.

These results have been the basis of a series of studies with smokers, in withdrawal for 8 hours, to measure the physiological and emotional variables present in withdrawal symptoms using a machine (a polygraph) to estimate the emotional mechanisms responsible for the addiction to that substance. The smokers were shown several images (48) connected with situations that produce desire (related with leisure, free time, coffee), analysing the hearts defensive cardiac response produced as well as the startle response.

Lastly, brain modifications associated with emotional responses of frustration and impulsiveness in smokers in withdrawal were studied. This system was also used for regular smokers.

Miguel ngel Muoz Garca states that this research has studied for the first time behavioural mechanisms involved in the tobacco craving process determining the brain areas and body responses connected with the compulsive behaviour provoked by tobacco.


'/>"/>

Contact: Miguel ngel Muoz Garca
miguelamuoz@yahoo.es
34-958-243-752
Universidad de Granada
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Performance Metrics -- Market Research Structure and Functions
2. With age comes a sense of peace and calm, population research center study shows
3. Researchers close in on new melanoma gene
4. Traditional herbal medicine kills pancreatic cancer cells, Jefferson researchers report
5. Align Technology Names Dana C. Cambra as VP, Research & Development
6. Researchers develop first transgenic monkey model of Huntingtons disease
7. Researchers expand natural killer cells in cord blood to fight leukemia
8. Research talent wins national Innovation in Nursing award
9. New Mount Sinai research tracks effects of addictive drugs on brain
10. Medical College of Wisconsin researchers identify proteins that help develop mammalian hearts
11. Mastectomies on the rise and MRI use may explain part of the trend, say Mayo researchers
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... ... over twenty-four years, Doctors on Liens has published a directory of the top ... care. When the company started in 1997, the directory was a single page focusing ... now ten-page directory features a vast array of medical specialists stretching from Sacramento ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... The annual time frame to ... Annual Election Period), is ending December 7th. Currently-enrolled Medicare beneficiaries who are looking to ... drug plan (Part D) need to make changes during this period order for their ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... NY (PRWEB) , ... December 02, 2016 , ... More ... school and while 84 percent of parents report speaking with their child about sex ... and sexually transmitted diseases. , Mediaplanet is proud to announce the launch of its ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... Sourced from the Isbre ... unique properties including its unmatched natural purity of just 6 ppm TDS (Total Dissolved ... , Nothing Water has been available in several ShopRite and FoodTown stores in NJ ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... ... December 02, 2016 , ... On ... individuals and families from eight different sites throughout Miami-Dade and Broward counties. This ... volunteers worked very hard on Thanksgiving morning by putting together individual meals via ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:12/2/2016)... , Dec. 1, 2016  Today, Simpson Healthcare ... the honor of being selected as winners of multiple ... Healthcare Executives Website at the PLATINUM level, Blue Zones ... Module at the GOLD Level, and our proprietary 3ConneX ... At Simpson Healthcare Executives, we are excited to showcase ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... Dec. 2, 2016  UCB is pleased to announce that 12 ... upcoming 70 th American Epilepsy Society (AES) Annual Meeting, ... TX , USA. 1-12 Data ... profile of VIMPAT ® (lacosamide) CV and BRIVIACT ® ... on the current state of the union of epilepsy care ...
(Date:12/2/2016)... 2, 2016 Allergan plc (NYSE: AGN ... on its previously announced Accelerated Share Repurchase (ASR) Program. ... ... As previously announced, the Company entered into a variable ... Company will repurchase $10 billion of its ordinary shares. Approximately ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: