Navigation Links
A penny-per-ounce tax on sugar-sweetened beverages keeps the doctor away and saves money
Date:1/9/2012

Over the past 10 years, Americans drank more sugar-sweetened beverages than everas much as 13 billion gallons a yearmaking these drinks the largest source of added sugar and excess calories in the American diet and, arguably, the single largest dietary factor in the current obesity epidemic. While many states have a sales tax on soda, experts believe they are too low to impact consumption. In a study conducted at Columbia University Medical Center and the University of California, San Francisco, researchers estimated that if a higher, penny-per-ounce tax were imposed on sugar-sweetened beverages, it would result in an approximately 15% reduction in consumption and reduce the prevalence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.

The study findings are published online in the January issue of Health Affairs.

The researchers estimated that, over a ten year period (2010-2020), the penny-per-ounce tax could reduce new cases of diabetes by 2.6%, as many as 95,000 coronary heart events, 8,000 strokes, and 26,000 premature deaths. These health benefits represent more than $17 billion over a decade in medical costs avoided for adults aged 25󈞬, in addition to generating approximately $13 billion in annual tax revenue.

"While there is some uncertainty as to what drinks people would choose instead of taxed beverages, our conclusion that a penny-per-ounce tax would reduce consumption by 15% is actually a conservative estimate," said Y. Claire Wang, MD, assistant professor of Health Policy and Management at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Dr. Wang notes that the tax would have the greatest impact among younger adults and men of all ages, who drink more sugar-sweetened beverages than older adults and women.

Using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the years 2003󈝲 and a questionnaire on food choices and frequency of meals, the investigators looked at two ways that a decrease in sugary beverage consumption would impact health: overall weight reduction and decreased risk of type 2 diabetes, both of which reduce cardiovascular disease risk over time.

According to the investigators, a combination of water, diet drinks, and more nutritious caloric beverages would likely replace the sugar-sweetened beverages, resulting in an estimated savings of as many as 60 calories for every 100 calories of sugar-sweetened drink not consumed.

"With the estimated number of 860,000 fewer obese adults aged 25-64, and given the greater reductions in consumption among younger people, the longer-term health benefits would be far greater than the impacts during the first 10 years," noted Dr. Wang.

Sugar-sweetened beverages are cheap to buy, but they cost the U.S. plenty: about $174 billion per year on diabetes treatment costs and $147 billion on other obesity-related health problems. Because weight gain is just one factor in how sugary beverages contribute to diabetes and heart disease, the researchers point out, even if all the calories saved by cutting soda consumption were replaced and body weight remained the same, cutting consumption would still reduce diabetes and heart disease.

Some opponents to a soda tax warn that it would disproportionately burden low-income households, which purchase more sugar-sweetened beverages than those in higher-income brackets. Dr. Wang and her colleagues pointed out that the evidence is mixed regarding whether low-income consumers are more price-sensitive when it comes to these beverages. In addition, low-income people and racial and ethnic minorities bear a greater burden of obesity, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes, these groups stand to benefit the most from such a tax policy in terms of their health and savings.

"Sugary soft drinks really are liquid candy, and their low purchase price hides the true costs of health problems associated with them," said Lee Goldman, MD, MPH, Harold and Margaret Hatch Professor of Medicine and Epidemiology and Dean of the Faculties of Health Sciences and Medicine at Columbia University Medical Center, and also a coauthor on the paper. "Our model estimates that a penny-per-ounce tax would substantially reduce obesity, diabetes and heart disease among adults in the United States."


'/>"/>

Contact: Stephanie Berger
sb2247@columbia.edu
212-305-4372
Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Sugar-Sweetened Drinks May Pose Heart Risks to Women, Study Suggests
2. Are there differences in mortality among wine consumers and other alcoholic beverages?
3. Caffeinated alcoholic beverages -- a growing public health problem
4. Women Who Drink Sugary Beverages Raise Risk of Gout
5. Analyzing food and beverages with magnetic levitation
6. New Bioactive Beverages Available From Tahitian Noni International
7. 14 Human Clinical Studies Prove the Efficacy of Tahitian Noni Bioactive Beverages
8. Adaptogenic Properties of Tahitian Noni Bioactive Beverages Revealed
9. New Liquid Functional Nutrition Products: EYL Beverages Announces Debut of DeCOMPRESS™ and Debug™ Beverages at Natural Products EXPO West
10. Tahitian Noni Bioactive Beverages™ Are Adaptogenic
11. Five New Tahitian Noni Bioactive Beverages™ Announced
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... From March 4 through 6, ... Annual Meeting at the Walter E. Washington Convention Center in Washington, D.C. , ... condition of hyperhidrosis (excessive sweating) and its treatment options. Specifically, the company will ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... ... February 11, 2016 , ... Husted Kicking has completed its ... on February 6th & 7th, 2016 according to kicking coach Michael Husted. , “This ... to the NFL’s combine in Indianapolis,” says Husted. “The NFL uses a third party ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... , ... February 11, 2016 , ... The book, “Computers ... IT services, what questions to ask your IT consultant before signing a contract and ... your computer network. , “With companies relying heavily on e-mail and technology, it’s more ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... AZ (PRWEB) , ... February 11, 2016 , ... As ... with support of the Million Dollar Round Table Foundation (MDRTF), has gifted $10,000 to ... according to Colleen’s Dream Foundation President Billy Cundiff. , “We are honored to support ...
(Date:2/10/2016)... ... February 10, 2016 , ... The 9th annual meeting ... Congress (WMIC), will be held in New York City, NY on September 7 ... The congress will highlight and emphasize how imaging reveals a greater understanding of ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:2/11/2016)... The primary goal of this research is ... the usage of liquid biopsy. Key information the survey ... Timeframe of liquid biopsy adoption amidst future users - ... type - Sample inflow to conduct liquid biopsy tests ... and so on. - Correlation analysis of sample type ...
(Date:2/11/2016)... Calif., Feb. 11, 2016 PRO-DEX, INC. (NasdaqCM: PDEX) ... ended December 31, 2015. The Company also filed its Quarterly ... year 2016 with the Securities and Exchange Commission today. ... 31, 2015 --> --> ... increased $2.6 million, or 95%, to $5.4 million from $2.8 ...
(Date:2/11/2016)...  Kindred Biosciences, Inc. (NASDAQ: KIN ), a ... of pets, today announced the submission to FDA of ... Application (NADA) for Zimeta™ (dipyrone injection, KIND-012).  Positive topline ... for the control of pyrexia (fever) in horses were ... --> The Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: