Navigation Links
A new indicator of poor prognosis in node-negative colorectal cancer patients

Tumor budding at the invasive tumor front of colorectal cancer is recognized as an independent prognostic factor significantly related to both lymph node and distant metastasis. Several lines of evidence seem to suggest that tumor buds may, to some extent, represent malignant colorectal cancer stem cells because of their potential for migration and re-differentiation locally and at sites of metastasis. However, phenotypic characterization of cancer stem cells in general is still debated although at least 8 putative stem cell markers have been suggested including CD166, CD44s, EpCAM, ALDH1, CD133, CD24, CD90, and ABCG5. Little is known about the potential of these proteins to act as prognostic biomarkers in patients with colorectal cancer and most of these proteins have never before been explored within tumor buds themselves.

A research article published on February 14, 2010 in the World Journal of Gastroenterology addressed this question. Considering the apparent stem cell-like properties of tumor buds and association of budding with adverse clinical outcomes, the research team led by Dr. Alessandro Lugli performed immunohistochemical staining of 8 putative cancer stem cell markers, namely CD166, CD44s, EpCAM, ALDH1, CD133, CD24, CD90, and ABCG5. The expression within tumor buds was evaluated, their frequency of occurrence and their potential prognostic significance in patients with colorectal cancer were determined.

Their findings showed that expression of EpCAM and particularly of ABCG5 within the tumor buds of colorectal cancer are frequent events. Moreover, expression of EpCAM or ABCG5 within tumor buds themselves has the potential to stratify patients with colorectal cancer into prognostic subgroups. This was particularly pronounced for patients with node-negative disease.

The results of this study could have important implications for patients with lymph node-negative colorectal cancer. Stratification of this group of patients could help to identify those likely to have a particularly poor outcome who could perhaps be considered for adjuvant therapy.

The study is characterized technically by an excellent application of immunohistochemistry and provides interesting evidence to aid the understanding of the correlation between cancer stem cell markers at the invasive front of colorectal cancer and prognosis. The findings suggest that EpCAM and ABCG5 in tumor buds may be useful biomarkers of poor outcome in this subgroup of patients. However, further studies are necessary to address the important issue of whether EpCAM- or ABCG5-positive tumor buds indeed represent migrating colorectal cancer stem cells.


Contact: Jin-Lei Wang
World Journal of Gastroenterology

Related medicine news :

1. Research highlights important indicators of early-stage ovarian cancer
2. Hospital quality indicator may not be linked to patient survival after colon cancer surgery
3. The American Nurses Association Hosts Conference on the National Database of Nursing Quality Indicators
4. Low levels of PYY hormone a very early indicator of type 2 diabetes
5. Diabetes Ten City Challenge Collaborative Model Shows Improved Patient Health Across Key Clinical Indicators
6. Impaired sense of smell may be early indicator of Parkinsons disease
7. Data Dimensions Assists Clients With Compliance of Present on Admission (POA) Indicator Reporting Requirements as Part of the April 1, 2008 Timeline
8. A new indicator for esophageal varix in alcoholic disease
9. ED an Indicator of Mens Health
10. Stanford blood scanner detects even faint indicators of cancer
11. Stakeholders and public should use 20 specific health indicators
Post Your Comments:
(Date:6/27/2016)... , ... June 27, 2016 , ... ... mental health professionals, announced today its affiliation with Tennessee Counseling Association. ... to the network of the Tennessee Counseling Association, adding exclusive benefits and promotional ...
(Date:6/27/2016)... ... June 27, 2016 , ... recently awarded their highest five-star rating to ... of individuals in the United States and Canada wear eyeglasses. Once considered to be ... vision and make a fashion statement. Even celebrities use glasses as a way of ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... ... June 26, 2016 , ... Pixel Film Studios Released ... , "Film editors can give their videos a whole new perspective by using the ... CEO of Pixel Film Studios. , ProSlice Levels contains over 30 Different presets ...
(Date:6/26/2016)... , ... June 26, 2016 , ... ... once they have been diagnosed with endometriosis. These women need a treatment plan ... require a comprehensive approach that can help for preservation of fertility and ultimately ...
(Date:6/25/2016)... ... 25, 2016 , ... The temporary closing of Bruton Memorial Library on June 21 due to ... a new, often overlooked aspect of head lice: the parasite’s ability to live away from ... common occurrence, but a necessary one in the event that lice have simply gotten out ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:6/24/2016)... June 24, 2016 Research and Markets ... for Companion Diagnostic Tests" report to their offering. ... Companion Diagnostics The World Market for Companion ... medicine diagnostics. Market analysis in the report includes the following: ... (In Vitro Diagnostic Kits) by Region (N. America, EU, ROW), ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... Mass. , June 24, 2016   Pulmatrix, ... pharmaceutical company developing innovative inhaled drugs, announced today that ... Russell Investments reconstituted its comprehensive set of ... "This is an important milestone for Pulmatrix," ... will increase shareholder awareness of our progress in developing ...
(Date:6/24/2016)... 2016  Arkis BioSciences, a leading innovator in ... durable cerebrospinal fluid treatments, today announced it has ... is led by Innova Memphis, followed by Angel ... investors.  Arkis, new financing will accelerate the commercialization ... release of its in-licensed Endexo® technology. ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: