Navigation Links
A high intake of certain dietary fats associated with lower live birth rates in IVF
Date:7/3/2012

Istanbul, 3 July 2012: Women with a higher intake of dietary saturated fats have fewer mature oocytes available for collection in IVF, according to results of a study from the Harvard School of Public Health funded by the US National Institutes of Health. The study investigated the effect of dietary fat (classified as total, saturated, monounsaturated, polyunsaturated, omega 6, omega 3 and trans) on a range of preclinical and clinical outcomes in women having IVF. Results showed that the intake of saturated fat was inversely related to the number of mature oocytes retrieved, while polyunsaturated fat consumption was inversely associated with early embryo quality.(1)

Dietary fat intake has been previously studied for its effect on reproductive health; for example, a high intake of trans-fats has been associated with ovulatory infertility (as in polycystic ovary syndrome) and miscarriage, while saturated fats have been related to lower sperm concentrations. But so far little has been known about the effect of dietary fat intake on the outcome of fertility treatment.

The results of this study were presented today at the annual meeting of ESHRE (European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology) by Dr Jorge Chavarro, Assistant Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology at Harvard School of Public Health, USA.

The study took place among 147 women having IVF at the Massachusetts General Hospital Fertility Center. Preclinical assessments included oocyte development, fertilisation, embryo quality and cleavage rate, while clinical outcomes (pregnancy, live birth) were recorded in all women who had embryo transfer. The women were also categorised into tertiles of fat intake, with outcomes compared in relation to the lowest tertile. Results were controlled for other sources of energy, infertility diagnosis, ovarian stimulation protocol, body mass index (BMI) and smoking status.

Following statistical analysis it was found that women with higher intakes of total fat had fewer metaphase II (MII) oocytes retrieved than women in the lowest tertile. This association was driven by intake of saturated fat, said Professor Chavarro. Women in the highest tertile of saturated fat intake had on average 9.3 MII oocytes, while those with the lowest intake had 11.6 MII oocytes.

"Only MII oocytes can be used for IVF," he explained. "Thus, having fewer mature oocytes can mean fewer embryos to choose from for fresh transfer or future transfer following cryopreservation, particularly among women who respond poorly to ovarian stimulation."

Polyunsaturated fat consumption was found inversely related to embryo quality. Women in the highest tertile of polyunsaturated fat intake had a higher proportion of poor quality embryos and more slowly cleaving embryos than had women in the lowest tertile of intake.

Fat consumption was also associated with clinical outcomes. Higher intakes of monounsaturated fat were related to higher odds of live birth. The odds of a live birth after embryo transfer in women with the highest intake of monounsaturated fat were 3.45 times higher than those of women with the lowest intake.

"We were not entirely surprised that different types of fat were associated with different outcomes," said Professor Chavarro. "One advantage of assisted reproduction as a model for the study of human fertility is that it allows the examination of factors possibly related to interactions between the embryo and the endometrium independently of other factors related to early embryo development or ovarian response to stimulation.

"Different types of fat are known to have different effects on biological processes which may influence the outcome of assisted reproduction - such as underlying levels of inflammation or insulin sensitivity. However, it is not clear at this moment which biological mechanisms underlie the associations we found."

On the question of recommendations to IVF patients, Professor Chavarro said: "While these results are interesting, this is the first time to our knowledge that dietary fats have been linked to treatment outcome in IVF. So it is important that our results are replicated in other studies before making strong recommendations about fat intake to women having infertility treatment."


'/>"/>

Contact: Christine Bauquis
christine@eshre.eu
32-499-258-046
European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology
Source:Eurekalert

Related medicine news :

1. Young Americans Need to Cut Calorie Intake: Study
2. Vaccine yielded encouraging long-term survival rates in certain patients with NSCLC
3. Certain Birth Control Pills May Carry Higher Blood Clot Risk: FDA
4. Codeine After Surgery Could Endanger Certain Kids: Study
5. Decision guide reduced uncertainty over breast cancer prevention, study finds
6. Certain Genetic Regions May Be Tied to Osteoporosis
7. Hot Flashes More Likely for Certain Smokers, Study Says
8. Early Study Hints at Link Between Certain Sunscreens, Endometriosis
9. Cabazitaxel can offer an advantage in certain patients
10. Antioxidant shows promise as treatment for certain features of autism, Stanford study finds
11. Gout Flare-ups Rise Sharply With Certain Foods: Study
Post Your Comments:
*Name:
*Comment:
*Email:
(Date:5/28/2016)... ... 28, 2016 , ... May 26, 2016- In search of the K. Warriors, ... event of “K Warriors” on June 4, 2016 at Ashbury Hotel and Suites 600 ... sponsored and hosted by Shaolin Institute and sanctioned by KSF (Kungfu Sanda Federation), This ...
(Date:5/28/2016)... , ... May 28, 2016 , ... In a part of the city where’s it’s ... new farm-to-table Kelowna restaurants is hoping to attract diners with a taste for ... Suites officially opened the doors to Cornerstone Grill, an urban casual restaurant focusing on ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... Southland Log Homes , designer ... timber frame barn kits, which can be found on its website at SouthlandLogHomes.com. , ... barn plans, and they highlight the craftsmanship of timber post and beam construction. ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... W.S. Badger Co. ... today that it has been recognized as one of the best small businesses for ... named as one of nine small businesses providing progressive benefits to new parents on ...
(Date:5/27/2016)... ... May 27, 2016 , ... With over 60 percent ... the demand for a sustainable product to aid in the rehabilitation process has steadily ... the recovery of individuals with hemiplegia due to stroke. , Ekso Bionics has now ...
Breaking Medicine News(10 mins):
(Date:5/25/2016)... SPRINGS, Florida , May 25, 2016 ... Business Conference & Expo earlier this month, the numbers ... As revenues continue to climb into the billions, more ... the newly released 4th Edition State of Legal Marijuana ... Frontier, a cannabis-focused data-analysis firm, much of the increase ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 Digital Health ... to it by the US Patent and Trademark ... technology includes proprietary processes for electronic opt-­in and ... and wellness programs, HIPAA compliance and otherwise. ... "Our technology allows for ...
(Date:5/25/2016)... , May 25, 2016 ... the precision of circulating tumour DNA (ctDNA) analysis ... the appointment of Professor Clive Morris ... leadership across the clinical development programme, scientific collaborations, ... help deliver significant improvements in clinical outcomes for ...
Breaking Medicine Technology: